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Title: Influence of bioturbation by the amphipod Corophium volutator on fluoranthene uptake in the marine polychaete Nereis virens

Abstract

The uptake kinetics of fluoranthene in the polychaete worm Nereis virens were investigated in the presence and in the absence of amphipods to examine the effects of sediment bioturbation by the benthic amphipod Corophium volutator on the uptake in worms. Worms only and worms together with two different densities of amphipods were exposed to fluoranthene-spiked sediment for 12 d. Worms and overlying water samples for fluoranthene analyses were taken and total suspended solids in water column were measured after 1, 2, 5, 8, and 12 d. Results showed that in all treatments fluoranthene was rapidly accumulated by N. virens during the first two days and a steady state was reached within five days of exposure. Biota to sediment accumulation factors normalized to lipid concentration and to sediment organic carbon (BAF{sub ioc}) or worms exposed with the highest number of amphipods were significantly higher (two to three times) compared to worms exposed with fewer or without amphipods after one and two days of exposure. Bioconcentration factors (BCFs), calculated as the ratio between the uptake (k{sub 1}) and elimination (k{sub 2}) rate constants were not significantly different among treatments. When BCFs were calculated on the basis of dissolved fluoranthene concentrations (BCF{sub diss}),more » values of the treatments where worms were exposed with 100 and 300 amphipods were slightly higher than those calculated on the basis of total (dissolved + particle-bound) aqueous fluoranthene (BCF{sub tot}). However, the presence of fluoranthene bound to dissolved organic matter could have accounted for lower than expected BCF{sub diss} values. The results suggest that bioturbation by amphiopoc, affected the concentration of fluoranthene in the worms not by changing the worm to water partitioning (k{sub 1}/k{sub 2}) but by changing the worm to sediment partitioning (BAF{sub ioc}). In the treatments with worms a higher mortality of amphipods was found compared to those without worms. The presence of worms might have contributed to lower BCF values than expected.« less

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Vrije Univ., Amsterdam (NL)
OSTI Identifier:
20062543
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 20062543
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 19; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: PBD: Jun 2000; Journal ID: ISSN 0730-7268
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGANISMS AND BIOLOGICAL MATERIALS; WATER POLLUTION; BIOLOGICAL INDICATORS; CRUSTACEANS; CONDENSED AROMATICS; BIOLOGICAL ACCUMULATION; TOXICITY

Citation Formats

Ciarelli, S., Kater, B.J., and Straalen, N.M. van. Influence of bioturbation by the amphipod Corophium volutator on fluoranthene uptake in the marine polychaete Nereis virens. United States: N. p., 2000. Web. doi:10.1897/1551-5028(2000)019<1575:IOBBTA>2.3.CO;2.
Ciarelli, S., Kater, B.J., & Straalen, N.M. van. Influence of bioturbation by the amphipod Corophium volutator on fluoranthene uptake in the marine polychaete Nereis virens. United States. doi:10.1897/1551-5028(2000)019<1575:IOBBTA>2.3.CO;2.
Ciarelli, S., Kater, B.J., and Straalen, N.M. van. Thu . "Influence of bioturbation by the amphipod Corophium volutator on fluoranthene uptake in the marine polychaete Nereis virens". United States. doi:10.1897/1551-5028(2000)019<1575:IOBBTA>2.3.CO;2.
@article{osti_20062543,
title = {Influence of bioturbation by the amphipod Corophium volutator on fluoranthene uptake in the marine polychaete Nereis virens},
author = {Ciarelli, S. and Kater, B.J. and Straalen, N.M. van},
abstractNote = {The uptake kinetics of fluoranthene in the polychaete worm Nereis virens were investigated in the presence and in the absence of amphipods to examine the effects of sediment bioturbation by the benthic amphipod Corophium volutator on the uptake in worms. Worms only and worms together with two different densities of amphipods were exposed to fluoranthene-spiked sediment for 12 d. Worms and overlying water samples for fluoranthene analyses were taken and total suspended solids in water column were measured after 1, 2, 5, 8, and 12 d. Results showed that in all treatments fluoranthene was rapidly accumulated by N. virens during the first two days and a steady state was reached within five days of exposure. Biota to sediment accumulation factors normalized to lipid concentration and to sediment organic carbon (BAF{sub ioc}) or worms exposed with the highest number of amphipods were significantly higher (two to three times) compared to worms exposed with fewer or without amphipods after one and two days of exposure. Bioconcentration factors (BCFs), calculated as the ratio between the uptake (k{sub 1}) and elimination (k{sub 2}) rate constants were not significantly different among treatments. When BCFs were calculated on the basis of dissolved fluoranthene concentrations (BCF{sub diss}), values of the treatments where worms were exposed with 100 and 300 amphipods were slightly higher than those calculated on the basis of total (dissolved + particle-bound) aqueous fluoranthene (BCF{sub tot}). However, the presence of fluoranthene bound to dissolved organic matter could have accounted for lower than expected BCF{sub diss} values. The results suggest that bioturbation by amphiopoc, affected the concentration of fluoranthene in the worms not by changing the worm to water partitioning (k{sub 1}/k{sub 2}) but by changing the worm to sediment partitioning (BAF{sub ioc}). In the treatments with worms a higher mortality of amphipods was found compared to those without worms. The presence of worms might have contributed to lower BCF values than expected.},
doi = {10.1897/1551-5028(2000)019<1575:IOBBTA>2.3.CO;2},
journal = {Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry},
issn = {0730-7268},
number = 6,
volume = 19,
place = {United States},
year = {2000},
month = {6}
}