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Title: Development of novel bifunctional anion-exchange resins with improved selectivity for pertechnetate sorption from contaminated groundwater

Abstract

The present study evaluated a new class of bifunctional anion-exchange resins with improved selectivity and sorption kinetics for removing pertechnetate (TcO{sub 4}{sup {minus}}) from contaminated groundwater. Both laboratory-column and field flow-through experiments were performed, and results indicated that superior performance of the bifunctional resins has been achieved through the use of two quaternary ammonium groups, one having long chains (trihexylamine) for higher selectivity for poorly hydrated large anions and one having shorter chains (triethylamine) for enhanced kinetics and exchange capacity. Field results indicated that the bifunctional resin performed {approximately}5 times better than one of the best commercial monofunctional anion-exchange resins with respect to the removal of TcO{sub 4}{sup {minus}} from contaminated groundwater. Less than 3% of TcO{sub 4}{sup {minus}} breakthrough was observed after {approximately}700,000 bed volumes (BV) of contaminated groundwater had been treated by the bifunctional resin column at the US Department of Energy's Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant site. The results also demonstrate that the new resin is particularly effective in removing low levels of TcO{sub 4}{sup {minus}}, and a cost saving may be realized by using the bifunctional resins for the treatment of large quantities of contaminated groundwater because of its increased selectivity, treatment efficiently, and longevity. The newmore » resin may also be applied for the efficient treatment of other poorly hydrated large anions such as perchlorate (ClO{sub 4}{sup {minus}}) from contaminated groundwater or surface water.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
20020687
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-96OR22464
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Environmental Science and Technology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 34; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: PBD: 15 Mar 2000; Journal ID: ISSN 0013-936X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; GROUND WATER; WATER POLLUTION CONTROL; REMEDIAL ACTION; ION EXCHANGE; RESINS; FIELD TESTS; BENCH-SCALE EXPERIMENTS; PERTECHNETATES; PERFORMANCE TESTING

Citation Formats

Gu, B, Brown, G M, Bonnesen, P V, Liang, L, Moyer, B A, Ober, R, and Alexandratos, S D. Development of novel bifunctional anion-exchange resins with improved selectivity for pertechnetate sorption from contaminated groundwater. United States: N. p., 2000. Web. doi:10.1021/es990951g.
Gu, B, Brown, G M, Bonnesen, P V, Liang, L, Moyer, B A, Ober, R, & Alexandratos, S D. Development of novel bifunctional anion-exchange resins with improved selectivity for pertechnetate sorption from contaminated groundwater. United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/es990951g
Gu, B, Brown, G M, Bonnesen, P V, Liang, L, Moyer, B A, Ober, R, and Alexandratos, S D. Wed . "Development of novel bifunctional anion-exchange resins with improved selectivity for pertechnetate sorption from contaminated groundwater". United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/es990951g.
@article{osti_20020687,
title = {Development of novel bifunctional anion-exchange resins with improved selectivity for pertechnetate sorption from contaminated groundwater},
author = {Gu, B and Brown, G M and Bonnesen, P V and Liang, L and Moyer, B A and Ober, R and Alexandratos, S D},
abstractNote = {The present study evaluated a new class of bifunctional anion-exchange resins with improved selectivity and sorption kinetics for removing pertechnetate (TcO{sub 4}{sup {minus}}) from contaminated groundwater. Both laboratory-column and field flow-through experiments were performed, and results indicated that superior performance of the bifunctional resins has been achieved through the use of two quaternary ammonium groups, one having long chains (trihexylamine) for higher selectivity for poorly hydrated large anions and one having shorter chains (triethylamine) for enhanced kinetics and exchange capacity. Field results indicated that the bifunctional resin performed {approximately}5 times better than one of the best commercial monofunctional anion-exchange resins with respect to the removal of TcO{sub 4}{sup {minus}} from contaminated groundwater. Less than 3% of TcO{sub 4}{sup {minus}} breakthrough was observed after {approximately}700,000 bed volumes (BV) of contaminated groundwater had been treated by the bifunctional resin column at the US Department of Energy's Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant site. The results also demonstrate that the new resin is particularly effective in removing low levels of TcO{sub 4}{sup {minus}}, and a cost saving may be realized by using the bifunctional resins for the treatment of large quantities of contaminated groundwater because of its increased selectivity, treatment efficiently, and longevity. The new resin may also be applied for the efficient treatment of other poorly hydrated large anions such as perchlorate (ClO{sub 4}{sup {minus}}) from contaminated groundwater or surface water.},
doi = {10.1021/es990951g},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/20020687}, journal = {Environmental Science and Technology},
issn = {0013-936X},
number = 6,
volume = 34,
place = {United States},
year = {2000},
month = {3}
}