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Title: Biomass gasification with air in a fluidized bed: Effect of the in-bed use of dolomite under different operation conditions

Abstract

The performance of a biomass gasifier, fluidized-bed type, is improved by in-bed use of calcined dolomite. Tar contents in the raw flue gas below 1 g/m{sub n}{sup 3} are obtained by using a bed with a percentage between 15 and 30 wt% of dolomite (the rest being silica sand). The work is carried out at small pilot-plant scale (10 kg of biomass/h) with equivalence ratios (ER) between 0.20 and 0.35 and temperatures of 800--840 C in the gasifier bed. To replace the eroded and elutriated dolomite (from the gasifier bed), an amount of dolomite (0.40--0.63 mm) is continuously fed, mixed with the biomass at 3 wt%. When the results obtained with in-bed dolomite are compared to the ones gained in a gasifier bed without dolomite, change of the following variables is reported: gas composition and its corresponding heating value, gas and char yields, apparent thermal efficiency, and tar contents. Once the usefulness of the in-bed use of dolomite is established, three main operation variables (ER and temperature of the gasifier bed and freeboard) are studied in the improved gasifier. Carryover of solids from the gasifier also increases when calcined dolomite is used because of its softness. Elutriation rate constants aremore » calculated for several operational parameters.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Saragossa (ES)
OSTI Identifier:
20003880
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 38; Journal Issue: 11; Other Information: PBD: Nov 1999; Journal ID: ISSN 0888-5885
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; BIOMASS; GAS GENERATORS; FLUIDIZED BEDS; DOLOMITE; SORBENT INJECTION PROCESSES; TAR; FUEL GAS; CALORIFIC VALUE; THERMAL EFFICIENCY

Citation Formats

Gil, J, Caballero, M A, Martin, J A, Aznar, M P, and Corella, J. Biomass gasification with air in a fluidized bed: Effect of the in-bed use of dolomite under different operation conditions. United States: N. p., 1999. Web. doi:10.1021/ie980802r.
Gil, J, Caballero, M A, Martin, J A, Aznar, M P, & Corella, J. Biomass gasification with air in a fluidized bed: Effect of the in-bed use of dolomite under different operation conditions. United States. doi:10.1021/ie980802r.
Gil, J, Caballero, M A, Martin, J A, Aznar, M P, and Corella, J. Mon . "Biomass gasification with air in a fluidized bed: Effect of the in-bed use of dolomite under different operation conditions". United States. doi:10.1021/ie980802r.
@article{osti_20003880,
title = {Biomass gasification with air in a fluidized bed: Effect of the in-bed use of dolomite under different operation conditions},
author = {Gil, J and Caballero, M A and Martin, J A and Aznar, M P and Corella, J},
abstractNote = {The performance of a biomass gasifier, fluidized-bed type, is improved by in-bed use of calcined dolomite. Tar contents in the raw flue gas below 1 g/m{sub n}{sup 3} are obtained by using a bed with a percentage between 15 and 30 wt% of dolomite (the rest being silica sand). The work is carried out at small pilot-plant scale (10 kg of biomass/h) with equivalence ratios (ER) between 0.20 and 0.35 and temperatures of 800--840 C in the gasifier bed. To replace the eroded and elutriated dolomite (from the gasifier bed), an amount of dolomite (0.40--0.63 mm) is continuously fed, mixed with the biomass at 3 wt%. When the results obtained with in-bed dolomite are compared to the ones gained in a gasifier bed without dolomite, change of the following variables is reported: gas composition and its corresponding heating value, gas and char yields, apparent thermal efficiency, and tar contents. Once the usefulness of the in-bed use of dolomite is established, three main operation variables (ER and temperature of the gasifier bed and freeboard) are studied in the improved gasifier. Carryover of solids from the gasifier also increases when calcined dolomite is used because of its softness. Elutriation rate constants are calculated for several operational parameters.},
doi = {10.1021/ie980802r},
journal = {Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research},
issn = {0888-5885},
number = 11,
volume = 38,
place = {United States},
year = {1999},
month = {11}
}