# A mathematical model of an electrochemical capacitor with double-layer and faradaic processes

## Abstract

A mathematical model of an electrochemical capacitor with hydrous ruthenium oxide (RuO{sub 2}{center{underscore}dot}xH{sub 2}O) electrodes including both double-layer and surface faradaic processes is developed to predict the behavior of the capacitor under conditions of galvanostatic charge and discharge. The effect of RuO{sub 2}{center{underscore}dot}xH{sub 2}O particle size is studied and shows that the smaller the particles the better the performance because of the increased surface area per unit volume or mass. The model also predicts that the faradaic process increases significantly the energy per unit volume of the capacitor for power densities of 100 kW/L or less.

- Authors:

- Publication Date:

- Research Org.:
- Univ. of South Carolina, Columbia, SC (US)

- Sponsoring Org.:
- US Department of the Army; USDOE

- OSTI Identifier:
- 20003168

- DOE Contract Number:
- FC02-91ER75666

- Resource Type:
- Journal Article

- Journal Name:
- Journal of the Electrochemical Society

- Additional Journal Information:
- Journal Volume: 146; Journal Issue: 9; Other Information: PBD: Sep 1999

- Country of Publication:
- United States

- Language:
- English

- Subject:
- 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 25 ENERGY STORAGE; MATHEMATICAL MODELS; CAPACITIVE ENERGY STORAGE EQUIPMENT; ELECTRODES; RUTHENIUM OXIDES; SURFACE AREA; PARTICLE SIZE

### Citation Formats

```
Lin, C., Ritter, J.A., Popov, B.N., and White, R.E.
```*A mathematical model of an electrochemical capacitor with double-layer and faradaic processes*. United States: N. p., 1999.
Web. doi:10.1149/1.1392450.

```
Lin, C., Ritter, J.A., Popov, B.N., & White, R.E.
```*A mathematical model of an electrochemical capacitor with double-layer and faradaic processes*. United States. doi:10.1149/1.1392450.

```
Lin, C., Ritter, J.A., Popov, B.N., and White, R.E. Wed .
"A mathematical model of an electrochemical capacitor with double-layer and faradaic processes". United States. doi:10.1149/1.1392450.
```

```
@article{osti_20003168,
```

title = {A mathematical model of an electrochemical capacitor with double-layer and faradaic processes},

author = {Lin, C. and Ritter, J.A. and Popov, B.N. and White, R.E.},

abstractNote = {A mathematical model of an electrochemical capacitor with hydrous ruthenium oxide (RuO{sub 2}{center{underscore}dot}xH{sub 2}O) electrodes including both double-layer and surface faradaic processes is developed to predict the behavior of the capacitor under conditions of galvanostatic charge and discharge. The effect of RuO{sub 2}{center{underscore}dot}xH{sub 2}O particle size is studied and shows that the smaller the particles the better the performance because of the increased surface area per unit volume or mass. The model also predicts that the faradaic process increases significantly the energy per unit volume of the capacitor for power densities of 100 kW/L or less.},

doi = {10.1149/1.1392450},

journal = {Journal of the Electrochemical Society},

number = 9,

volume = 146,

place = {United States},

year = {1999},

month = {9}

}

DOI: 10.1149/1.1392450

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