skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Experimental study of temperature and CH radical location in partially premixed CH{sub 4}/air coflow flames

Abstract

As part of an ongoing investigation of an exhaust NO{sub x} emission index minimum measured for partially premixed flames, radial temperature profiles and CH radical locations were measured in atmospheric-pressure, partially premixed, coflow, methane/air flames with fuel-side equivalence ratios of 1.6, 2.0, and 3.5, at three axial heights above the burner. The work was undertaken because of the importance of temperature and CH radical behavior in NO formation chemistry. Thin-filament pyrometry was found to be more appropriate than thermocouple thermometry for temperature measurements in partially premixed flames. Results demonstrated that the 1.6-equivalence-ratio flame exhibited classical double-flame structure, the 2.0-equivalence-ratio flame was a merged flame, and the 3.5-equivalence-ratio flame exhibited diffusion-flame structure. Signals from CH* chemiluminescence and CH laser-induced fluorescence provide evidence that, for the present measurement locations, double flames exhibit single CH peaks which can be associated with their premixed component flames. Double CH radical peaks, which were predicted to occur in low-strain-rate flames, were not found for the limited number of flame conditions and locations studied. In the near-burner region, the premixed and nonpremixed component flames of the {Phi}{sub B} = 1.6 double flame diverge radially with increasing downstream distance and merge together for larger values of {Phi}{sub B}.

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN (US)
OSTI Identifier:
20000566
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Combustion and Flame
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 118; Journal Issue: 4; Other Information: PBD: Sep 1999; Journal ID: ISSN 0010-2180
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
03 NATURAL GAS; METHANE; COMBUSTION KINETICS; TEMPERATURE DISTRIBUTION; RADICALS; FLAMES; NITRIC OXIDE; EXHAUST GASES; MORPHOLOGY

Citation Formats

Blevins, L.G., Renfro, M.W., Lyle, K.H., Laurendeau, N.M., and Gore, J.P. Experimental study of temperature and CH radical location in partially premixed CH{sub 4}/air coflow flames. United States: N. p., 1999. Web. doi:10.1016/S0010-2180(99)00023-1.
Blevins, L.G., Renfro, M.W., Lyle, K.H., Laurendeau, N.M., & Gore, J.P. Experimental study of temperature and CH radical location in partially premixed CH{sub 4}/air coflow flames. United States. doi:10.1016/S0010-2180(99)00023-1.
Blevins, L.G., Renfro, M.W., Lyle, K.H., Laurendeau, N.M., and Gore, J.P. Wed . "Experimental study of temperature and CH radical location in partially premixed CH{sub 4}/air coflow flames". United States. doi:10.1016/S0010-2180(99)00023-1.
@article{osti_20000566,
title = {Experimental study of temperature and CH radical location in partially premixed CH{sub 4}/air coflow flames},
author = {Blevins, L.G. and Renfro, M.W. and Lyle, K.H. and Laurendeau, N.M. and Gore, J.P.},
abstractNote = {As part of an ongoing investigation of an exhaust NO{sub x} emission index minimum measured for partially premixed flames, radial temperature profiles and CH radical locations were measured in atmospheric-pressure, partially premixed, coflow, methane/air flames with fuel-side equivalence ratios of 1.6, 2.0, and 3.5, at three axial heights above the burner. The work was undertaken because of the importance of temperature and CH radical behavior in NO formation chemistry. Thin-filament pyrometry was found to be more appropriate than thermocouple thermometry for temperature measurements in partially premixed flames. Results demonstrated that the 1.6-equivalence-ratio flame exhibited classical double-flame structure, the 2.0-equivalence-ratio flame was a merged flame, and the 3.5-equivalence-ratio flame exhibited diffusion-flame structure. Signals from CH* chemiluminescence and CH laser-induced fluorescence provide evidence that, for the present measurement locations, double flames exhibit single CH peaks which can be associated with their premixed component flames. Double CH radical peaks, which were predicted to occur in low-strain-rate flames, were not found for the limited number of flame conditions and locations studied. In the near-burner region, the premixed and nonpremixed component flames of the {Phi}{sub B} = 1.6 double flame diverge radially with increasing downstream distance and merge together for larger values of {Phi}{sub B}.},
doi = {10.1016/S0010-2180(99)00023-1},
journal = {Combustion and Flame},
issn = {0010-2180},
number = 4,
volume = 118,
place = {United States},
year = {1999},
month = {9}
}