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Title: Effect of activated carbon surface oxygen- and/or nitrogen-containing groups on adsorption of copper(II) ions from aqueous solution

Abstract

The adsorption properties of a modified activated carbon with various oxygen-and/or nitrogen-containing surface groups toward copper ions was studied. Previously de-ashed and chemically modified commercial activated carbon D-43/1 (carbo-Tech, Essen, Germany) was used. The chemical properties of the modified carbon surface were estimated by standard neutralization titration with HCl, NaOH, and HaOC{sub 2}{sub 5}. The adsorption of Cu{sup 2+} ions on three modified activated carbons from aqueous CuSO{sub 4} solution of various pH was measured. The carbon samples with adsorbed Cu{sup 2+} ions were analyzed by spectroscopic methods (X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy). In addition, an electrochemical measurement (cyclic voltammetry) was performed using powdered activated carbon electrodes. While the modification procedures employed alter the surface only slightly, they strongly influence the surface chemical structure. Basic groups are predominant in the heat-treated samples; acidic functional groups are predominant in the oxidized sample. Both the copper cation adsorption studies and the spectral and electrochemical measurements show that adsorbed ions interact with the carbon surface in different ways. The number of adsorbed ions depends on the nature and quantity of surface acid-base functionalities and on the pH equilibrium in the aqueous solution. The possible mechanisms of interactions between metal ions andmore » carbon surface functionalities are summarized and discussed.« less

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Nicolaus Copernicus Univ., Torun (PL)
OSTI Identifier:
20000537
Report Number(s):
CONF-9808111-
Journal ID: ISSN 0743-7463; LANGD5
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Langmuir
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 15; Journal Issue: 18; Conference: Third international symposium on effects of surface heterogeneity in adsorption and catalysis on solids, Torun (PL), 08/09/1998--08/16/1998; Other Information: PBD: 31 Aug 1999; Journal ID: ISSN 0743-7463
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; ACTIVATED CARBON; SURFACE TREATMENTS; SORPTIVE PROPERTIES; COPPER; ADSORPTION; WASTE WATER; WATER TREATMENT; ADSORBENTS

Citation Formats

Biniak, S., Pakula, M., Szymanski, G.S., and Swiatkowski, A. Effect of activated carbon surface oxygen- and/or nitrogen-containing groups on adsorption of copper(II) ions from aqueous solution. United States: N. p., 1999. Web. doi:10.1021/la9815704.
Biniak, S., Pakula, M., Szymanski, G.S., & Swiatkowski, A. Effect of activated carbon surface oxygen- and/or nitrogen-containing groups on adsorption of copper(II) ions from aqueous solution. United States. doi:10.1021/la9815704.
Biniak, S., Pakula, M., Szymanski, G.S., and Swiatkowski, A. Tue . "Effect of activated carbon surface oxygen- and/or nitrogen-containing groups on adsorption of copper(II) ions from aqueous solution". United States. doi:10.1021/la9815704.
@article{osti_20000537,
title = {Effect of activated carbon surface oxygen- and/or nitrogen-containing groups on adsorption of copper(II) ions from aqueous solution},
author = {Biniak, S. and Pakula, M. and Szymanski, G.S. and Swiatkowski, A.},
abstractNote = {The adsorption properties of a modified activated carbon with various oxygen-and/or nitrogen-containing surface groups toward copper ions was studied. Previously de-ashed and chemically modified commercial activated carbon D-43/1 (carbo-Tech, Essen, Germany) was used. The chemical properties of the modified carbon surface were estimated by standard neutralization titration with HCl, NaOH, and HaOC{sub 2}{sub 5}. The adsorption of Cu{sup 2+} ions on three modified activated carbons from aqueous CuSO{sub 4} solution of various pH was measured. The carbon samples with adsorbed Cu{sup 2+} ions were analyzed by spectroscopic methods (X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy). In addition, an electrochemical measurement (cyclic voltammetry) was performed using powdered activated carbon electrodes. While the modification procedures employed alter the surface only slightly, they strongly influence the surface chemical structure. Basic groups are predominant in the heat-treated samples; acidic functional groups are predominant in the oxidized sample. Both the copper cation adsorption studies and the spectral and electrochemical measurements show that adsorbed ions interact with the carbon surface in different ways. The number of adsorbed ions depends on the nature and quantity of surface acid-base functionalities and on the pH equilibrium in the aqueous solution. The possible mechanisms of interactions between metal ions and carbon surface functionalities are summarized and discussed.},
doi = {10.1021/la9815704},
journal = {Langmuir},
issn = {0743-7463},
number = 18,
volume = 15,
place = {United States},
year = {1999},
month = {8}
}