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Title: Thermodynamic properties of {Delta}H{sub f 298}{degree}, S{sub 298}{degree}, and C{sub p}(T) for 2-fluoro-2-methylpropane, {Delta}H{sub f 298}{degree} of fluorinated ethanes, and group additivity for fluoroalkanes

Abstract

G2(MP2) composite calculations are performed to obtain thermodynamic properties ({Delta}H{sub f 298}{degree}, S{sub 298}{degree} and C{sub p}(T)'s) of 2-fluoro-2-methylpropane. {Delta}H{sub f 298}{degree} is calculated from the G2(MP2) calculated enthalpy of reaction ({Delta}H{sub rxn 298}{degree}) and use of isodesmic reactions. Standard entropy (S{sub 298}{degree} in cal/(mol{center{underscore}dot}K)) and heat capacities (C{sub p}(T)'s in cal/(mol{center{underscore}dot}K)) are calculated using the rigid-rotor--harmonic-oscillator approximation with direct integration over energy levels of the intermolecular rotation potential energy curve. These thermodynamic properties are used to estimate data for the C/C3/F group. Enthalpies of formation ({Delta}H{sub f 298}{degree} in kcal/mol) for 1,2-difluoroethane ({minus}102.7), 1,1,2-trifluoroethane ({minus}156.9), 1,1,2,2- and 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (209.6 and 213.3), and pentafluoroethane ({minus}264.1), are calculated using total energies obtained from G2(MP2) composite ab initio methods. Isodesmic reactions with existing literature values of {Delta}H{sub f 298}{degree} for ethane, 1-fluoroethane, 1,1-difjuoroethane and 1,1,1-trifluoroethane are used. Fluorine/fluorine interaction terms, F/F, 2F/F, 3F/F, 2F/2F, and 3F/2F, where ``/'' indicates interaction for alkane compounds, for {Delta}H{sub f 298}{degree} are reevaluated based on {Delta}H{sub f 298}{degree} of the above five fluoroethanes. Thermodynamic properties ({Delta}H{sub f 298}{degree}, S{sub 298}{degree} and C{sub p}(T)'s (300 {le} T/K {le} 1500)) for fluorinated carbon groups, C/C3F, C/C2/F/H, C/C2/F2, are calculated using data from ab initio methods and existing literaturemore » data. Fluorine-methyl (alkyl) group additivity corrections for gauche interactions are also evaluated.« less

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
New Jersey Inst. of Tech., Newark, NJ (US)
OSTI Identifier:
20000057
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Physical Chemistry A: Molecules, Spectroscopy, Kinetics, Environment, amp General Theory
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 103; Journal Issue: 36; Other Information: PBD: 9 Sep 1999; Journal ID: ISSN 1089-5639
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; FLUORINATED ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBONS; ENTHALPY; ENTROPY; SPECIFIC HEAT; MATHEMATICAL MODELS; THEORETICAL DATA; OZONE LAYER

Citation Formats

Yamada, Takahiro, and Bozzelli, J.W. Thermodynamic properties of {Delta}H{sub f 298}{degree}, S{sub 298}{degree}, and C{sub p}(T) for 2-fluoro-2-methylpropane, {Delta}H{sub f 298}{degree} of fluorinated ethanes, and group additivity for fluoroalkanes. United States: N. p., 1999. Web. doi:10.1021/jp9919516.
Yamada, Takahiro, & Bozzelli, J.W. Thermodynamic properties of {Delta}H{sub f 298}{degree}, S{sub 298}{degree}, and C{sub p}(T) for 2-fluoro-2-methylpropane, {Delta}H{sub f 298}{degree} of fluorinated ethanes, and group additivity for fluoroalkanes. United States. doi:10.1021/jp9919516.
Yamada, Takahiro, and Bozzelli, J.W. Thu . "Thermodynamic properties of {Delta}H{sub f 298}{degree}, S{sub 298}{degree}, and C{sub p}(T) for 2-fluoro-2-methylpropane, {Delta}H{sub f 298}{degree} of fluorinated ethanes, and group additivity for fluoroalkanes". United States. doi:10.1021/jp9919516.
@article{osti_20000057,
title = {Thermodynamic properties of {Delta}H{sub f 298}{degree}, S{sub 298}{degree}, and C{sub p}(T) for 2-fluoro-2-methylpropane, {Delta}H{sub f 298}{degree} of fluorinated ethanes, and group additivity for fluoroalkanes},
author = {Yamada, Takahiro and Bozzelli, J.W.},
abstractNote = {G2(MP2) composite calculations are performed to obtain thermodynamic properties ({Delta}H{sub f 298}{degree}, S{sub 298}{degree} and C{sub p}(T)'s) of 2-fluoro-2-methylpropane. {Delta}H{sub f 298}{degree} is calculated from the G2(MP2) calculated enthalpy of reaction ({Delta}H{sub rxn 298}{degree}) and use of isodesmic reactions. Standard entropy (S{sub 298}{degree} in cal/(mol{center{underscore}dot}K)) and heat capacities (C{sub p}(T)'s in cal/(mol{center{underscore}dot}K)) are calculated using the rigid-rotor--harmonic-oscillator approximation with direct integration over energy levels of the intermolecular rotation potential energy curve. These thermodynamic properties are used to estimate data for the C/C3/F group. Enthalpies of formation ({Delta}H{sub f 298}{degree} in kcal/mol) for 1,2-difluoroethane ({minus}102.7), 1,1,2-trifluoroethane ({minus}156.9), 1,1,2,2- and 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (209.6 and 213.3), and pentafluoroethane ({minus}264.1), are calculated using total energies obtained from G2(MP2) composite ab initio methods. Isodesmic reactions with existing literature values of {Delta}H{sub f 298}{degree} for ethane, 1-fluoroethane, 1,1-difjuoroethane and 1,1,1-trifluoroethane are used. Fluorine/fluorine interaction terms, F/F, 2F/F, 3F/F, 2F/2F, and 3F/2F, where ``/'' indicates interaction for alkane compounds, for {Delta}H{sub f 298}{degree} are reevaluated based on {Delta}H{sub f 298}{degree} of the above five fluoroethanes. Thermodynamic properties ({Delta}H{sub f 298}{degree}, S{sub 298}{degree} and C{sub p}(T)'s (300 {le} T/K {le} 1500)) for fluorinated carbon groups, C/C3F, C/C2/F/H, C/C2/F2, are calculated using data from ab initio methods and existing literature data. Fluorine-methyl (alkyl) group additivity corrections for gauche interactions are also evaluated.},
doi = {10.1021/jp9919516},
journal = {Journal of Physical Chemistry A: Molecules, Spectroscopy, Kinetics, Environment, amp General Theory},
issn = {1089-5639},
number = 36,
volume = 103,
place = {United States},
year = {1999},
month = {9}
}