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Title: CALET Search for Electromagnetic Counterparts of Gravitational Waves during the LIGO/Virgo O3 Run

Journal Article · · The Astrophysical Journal
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  1. Univ. of Florence (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN) (Italy)
  2. Waseda Univ., Shinjuku (Japan); Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Tsukuba (Japan)
  3. Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)
  4. Univ. of Siena (Italy); National Institute of Nuclear Physics (INFN), Pisa (Italy)
  5. Washington Univ., St. Louis, MO (United States)
  6. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC), Greenbelt, MD (United States)
  7. Univ. of Maryland, Baltimore, MD (United States); NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC), Greenbelt, MD (United States)
  8. National Research Council (CNR) (Italy). Institute of Applied Physics "Nello Carrara" (IFAC)
  9. Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States)
  10. University of Padova (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Padova (Italy)
  11. Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (ISAS/JAXA), Sagamihara, Kanagawa (Japan)
  12. Univ. of Maryland, Baltimore, MD (United States)
  13. Kanagawa Univ., Yokohama, Kanagawa (Japan)
  14. Hirosaki Univ. (Japan)
  15. Kyoto Univ. (Japan)
  16. Shibaura Institute of Technology (Japan)
  17. Waseda Univ., Shinjuku (Japan)
  18. National Institute of Polar Research (Japan)
  19. Yokohama National University (Japan)
  20. Shinshu Univ., Matsumoto, Nagano (Japan)
  21. Institute of Particle and Nuclear Studies (Japan)
  22. National Institute of Nuclear Physics (INFN), Pisa (Italy); Univ. of Pisa (Italy)
  23. Ibaraki College (Japan)
  24. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC), Greenbelt, MD (United States); Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States)
  25. Ritsumeikan University (Japan)
  26. Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN) (Italy)
  27. Univ. of Denver, CO (United States)
  28. National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (Japan)
  29. Univ. of Florence (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN) (Italy); National Research Council (CNR) (Italy). Institute of Applied Physics "Nello Carrara" (IFAC)
  30. Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN) (Italy); National Research Council (CNR) (Italy). Institute of Applied Physics "Nello Carrara" (IFAC)
  31. Aoyama Gakuin Univ., Sagamihara, Kanagawa (Japan)
  32. Nihon Univ. (Japan)
  33. Univ. of Florence (Italy)
  34. Osaka Metropolitan University (Japan)
  35. National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology (QST) (Japan)
  36. Nagoya Univ. (Japan)
  37. Ibaraki Univ. (Japan)

The CALorimetric Electron Telescope (CALET) on the International Space Station consists of a high-energy cosmic-ray CALorimeter (CAL) and a lower-energy CALET Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (CGBM). CAL is sensitive to electrons up to 20 TeV, cosmic-ray nuclei from Z = 1 through Z ~ 40, and gamma rays over the range 1 GeV–10 TeV. CGBM observes gamma rays from 7 keV to 20 MeV. The combined CAL-CGBM instrument has conducted a search for gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) since 2015 October. We report here on the results of a search for X-ray/gamma-ray counterparts to gravitational-wave events reported during the LIGO/Virgo observing run O3. No events have been detected that pass all acceptance criteria. We describe the components, performance, and triggering algorithms of the CGBM—the two Hard X-ray Monitors consisting of LaBr3(Ce) scintillators sensitive to 7 keV–1 MeV gamma rays and a Soft Gamma-ray Monitor BGO scintillator sensitive to 40 keV–20 MeV—and the high-energy CAL consisting of a charge detection module, imaging calorimeter, and the fully active total absorption calorimeter. The analysis procedure is described and upper limits to the time-averaged fluxes are presented.

Research Organization:
Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States)
Sponsoring Organization:
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS); Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT); Italian Space Agency (ASI); National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
DOE Contract Number:
26220708; 19H05608; 17H02901; 21K03592; 20K22352; S1101021; 2013-018-R.0; 80NSSC20K0397; 80NSSC20K0399; NNH18ZDA001N-APRA18-000
OSTI ID:
1877646
Journal Information:
The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 933, Issue 1; ISSN 0004-637X
Publisher:
IOP Publishing
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

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