skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Cross-Layered Distributed Data-Driven Framework for Enhanced Smart Grid Cyber-Physical Security

Journal Article · · IET Smart Grid
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1049/stg2.12070· OSTI ID:1871333

Smart Grid (SG) research and development has drawn much attention from academia, industry and government due to the great impact it will have on society, economics and the environment. Securing the SG is a considerably significant challenge due the increased dependency on communication networks to assist in physical process control, exposing them to various cyber-threats. In addition to attacks that change measurement values using False Data Injection (FDI) techniques, attacks on the communication network may disrupt the power system's real-time operation by intercepting messages, or by flooding the communication channels with unnecessary data. Addressing these attacks requires a cross-layer approach. In this paper a cross-layered strategy is presented, called Cross-Layer Ensemble CorrDet with Adaptive Statistics(CECD-AS), which integrates the detection of faulty SG measurement data as well as inconsistent network inter-arrival times and transmission delays for more reliable and accurate anomaly detection and attack interpretation. Numerical results show that CECD-AS can detect multiple False Data Injections, Denial of Service (DoS) and Man In The Middle (MITM) attacks with a high F1-score compared to current approaches that only use SG measurement data for detection such as the traditional physics-based State Estimation, Ensemble CorrDet with Adaptive Statistics strategy and other machine learning classification-based detection schemes.

Research Organization:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Organization:
USDOE
DOE Contract Number:
AC05-76RL01830
OSTI ID:
1871333
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-171621
Journal Information:
IET Smart Grid, Journal Name: IET Smart Grid
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

References (29)

Bad data analysis for power system state estimation journal March 1975
Innovation concept for measurement gross error detection and identification in power system state estimation journal January 2011
The Extension of the Gauss Approach for the Solution of an Overdetermined Set of Algebraic Non Linear Equations journal September 2018
Further contributions to smart grids cyber-physical security as a malicious data attack: Proof and properties of the parameter error spreading out to the measurements and a relaxed correction model journal January 2019
Convergence Property of the Measurement Gross Error Correction in Power System State Estimation, Using Geometrical Background journal November 2013
Delay-Tolerant Predictive Power Compensation Control for Photovoltaic Voltage Regulation journal July 2021
Simulation of Man in the Middle Attack On Smart Grid Testbed conference April 2019
Ensemble CorrDet with adaptive statistics for bad data detection journal July 2020
Multi-UAV network control through dynamic task allocation: Ensuring data-rate and bit-error-rate support conference December 2012
DSF: A Distributed SDN Control Plane Framework for the East/West Interface journal January 2021
DASON: Dependability Assessment Framework for Imperfect Distributed SDN Implementations journal June 2020
Diversity Modeling to Evaluate Security of Multiple SDN Controllers conference March 2018
Automatic Classification of Network Traffic Data based on Deep Learning in ONOS Platform conference October 2020
A Flexible SDN-Based Architecture for Identifying and Mitigating Low-Rate DDoS Attacks Using Machine Learning journal January 2020
False Data Injection Attacks Against Synchronization Systems in Microgrids journal September 2021
Detection of Stealthy Cyber-Physical Line Disconnection Attacks in Smart Grid journal September 2021
Comprehensive Analysis of Smart Grid Security with Intelligent Machine Learning based Framework conference March 2021
Latency Estimation of Blockchain-Based Distributed Access Control for Cyber Infrastructure in the IoT Environment conference August 2021
Secure and Efficient Federated Learning for Smart Grid With Edge-Cloud Collaboration journal February 2022
Packet Trains--Measurements and a New Model for Computer Network Traffic journal September 1986
A Survey on Smart Grid Cyber-Physical System Testbeds journal April 2017
Cyber-Physical Systems Security—A Survey journal December 2017
Wireless Injection Attacks Based on Fake Data Injection in TinyOS conference December 2015
Research about DoS Attack against ICPS journal March 2019
A two steps procedure in state estimation gross error detection, identification, and correction journal December 2015
A Geometrical View for Multiple Gross Errors Detection, Identification, and Correction in Power System State Estimation journal August 2013
Smart grids cyber-physical security as a malicious data attack: An innovation approach journal August 2017
A linear prediction land mine detection algorithm for hand held ground penetrating radar journal June 2002
MATPOWER: Steady-State Operations, Planning, and Analysis Tools for Power Systems Research and Education journal February 2011