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Title: PASSAT: particle accelerator helioScopes for Slim Axion-like-particle deTection

Abstract

We propose a novel method to search for axion-like particles (ALPs) at particle accelerator experiments. ALPs produced at the target via the Primakoff effect subsequently enter a region with a magnetic field, where they are converted to photons that are then detected. Dubbed Particle Accelerator helioScopes for Slim Axion-like-particle deTection (PASSAT), our proposal uses the principle of the axion helioscope but replaces ALPs produced in the Sun with those produced in a target material. Since we rely on ALP-photonconversions, our proposal probes light (slim) ALPs that are otherwise inaccessible to laboratory-based experiments which rely on ALP decay, and complements astrophysical probes that are more model-dependent. As a first application, we reinterpret existing data from the NOMAD experiment in light of PASSAT, and constrain the parameter space for ALPs lighter than$$$$\sim 100~\mathrm{eV}$$$$ ~ 100 eV and ALP-photon coupling larger than$$$$\sim 10^{-4}~\mathrm{GeV}^{-1}$$$$ ~ 10 - 4 GeV - 1 . As benchmarks of feasible low-cost experiments improving over the NOMAD limits, we study the possibility of re-using the magnets of the CAST and the proposed BabyIAXO experiments and placing them at the proposed BDF facility at CERN, together with some new detectors. We find that these realizations of PASSAT allow for a direct probe of the parameter space for ALPs lighter than$$$$\sim 100~\mathrm{eV}$$$$ ~ 100 eV and ALP-photon coupling larger than$$$$\sim 4\times 10^{-6}~\mathrm{GeV}^{-1}$$$$ ~ 4 × 10 - 6 GeV - 1 , which are regions that have not been probed yet by experiments with laboratory-produced ALPs. In contrast to other proposals aiming at detecting single or two-photon only events in hadronic beam dump environments, that rely heavily on Monte Carlo simulations, the background in our proposal can be directly measuredin-situ, its suppression optimized, and the irreducible background statistically subtracted. Sensitivity evaluations with other beams will be the subject of a future paper. The measurements suggested in this paper represent an additional physics case for the BDF at CERN beyond those already proposed.

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3]
  1. Cittadella Universitaria di Monserrato (Italy). Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare
  2. Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States). Dept. of Physics; Texas A & M Univ., College Station, TX (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
  3. Univ. of Oklahoma, Norman, OK (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States); Univ. of Oklahoma, Norman, OK (United States); Texas A & M Univ., College Station, TX (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1801914
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0009913; SC0009956; SC0010813; FG02-13ER41976; PHY-1607611
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
European Physical Journal. C, Particles and Fields
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 80; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 1434-6044
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
Physics

Citation Formats

Bonivento, Walter M., Kim, Doojin, and Sinha, Kuver. PASSAT: particle accelerator helioScopes for Slim Axion-like-particle deTection. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1140/epjc/s10052-020-7719-y.
Bonivento, Walter M., Kim, Doojin, & Sinha, Kuver. PASSAT: particle accelerator helioScopes for Slim Axion-like-particle deTection. United States. https://doi.org/10.1140/epjc/s10052-020-7719-y
Bonivento, Walter M., Kim, Doojin, and Sinha, Kuver. Fri . "PASSAT: particle accelerator helioScopes for Slim Axion-like-particle deTection". United States. https://doi.org/10.1140/epjc/s10052-020-7719-y. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1801914.
@article{osti_1801914,
title = {PASSAT: particle accelerator helioScopes for Slim Axion-like-particle deTection},
author = {Bonivento, Walter M. and Kim, Doojin and Sinha, Kuver},
abstractNote = {We propose a novel method to search for axion-like particles (ALPs) at particle accelerator experiments. ALPs produced at the target via the Primakoff effect subsequently enter a region with a magnetic field, where they are converted to photons that are then detected. Dubbed Particle Accelerator helioScopes for Slim Axion-like-particle deTection (PASSAT), our proposal uses the principle of the axion helioscope but replaces ALPs produced in the Sun with those produced in a target material. Since we rely on ALP-photonconversions, our proposal probes light (slim) ALPs that are otherwise inaccessible to laboratory-based experiments which rely on ALP decay, and complements astrophysical probes that are more model-dependent. As a first application, we reinterpret existing data from the NOMAD experiment in light of PASSAT, and constrain the parameter space for ALPs lighter than$$\sim 100~\mathrm{eV}$$~100eVand ALP-photon coupling larger than$$\sim 10^{-4}~\mathrm{GeV}^{-1}$$~10-4GeV-1. As benchmarks of feasible low-cost experiments improving over the NOMAD limits, we study the possibility of re-using the magnets of the CAST and the proposed BabyIAXO experiments and placing them at the proposed BDF facility at CERN, together with some new detectors. We find that these realizations of PASSAT allow for a direct probe of the parameter space for ALPs lighter than$$\sim 100~\mathrm{eV}$$~100eVand ALP-photon coupling larger than$$\sim 4\times 10^{-6}~\mathrm{GeV}^{-1}$$~4×10-6GeV-1, which are regions that have not been probed yet by experiments with laboratory-produced ALPs. In contrast to other proposals aiming at detecting single or two-photon only events in hadronic beam dump environments, that rely heavily on Monte Carlo simulations, the background in our proposal can be directly measuredin-situ, its suppression optimized, and the irreducible background statistically subtracted. Sensitivity evaluations with other beams will be the subject of a future paper. The measurements suggested in this paper represent an additional physics case for the BDF at CERN beyond those already proposed.},
doi = {10.1140/epjc/s10052-020-7719-y},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1801914}, journal = {European Physical Journal. C, Particles and Fields},
issn = {1434-6044},
number = 2,
volume = 80,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {2}
}

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