skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Improved Advanced Biomass Logistics Utilizing Woody and other Feedstocks in the Northeast and Pacific Northwest

Abstract

Willow and poplar short rotation woody crops (SRWC) have shown promise with regards to environmental benefits and rural development but wide adoption lags due to underdeveloped markets and supply systems. High costs associated with harvesting, handling and transportation (40-60% of delivered cost) have impeded expansion. A better understanding of these systems will create opportunities to improve efficiency, reduce costs, and realize environmental benefits and impacts. The project’s goal was to lower the delivered cost of hybrid poplar in the Northwest and willow in the Northeast by optimizing harvesting and logistics supply systems while maintaining or improving biomass quality along the supply chain. Over 3,400 Mg of biomass and 300 ha of willow and poplar were monitored over a range of crop and field conditions. Feedstock quality as affected by storage and preprocessing were shown to improve or maintain feedstock quality. Modeled harvesting costs ranged from $38–61 Mg-1dry; when including delivery and preprocessing feedstock costs ranged between $79-83 Mg-1dry for willow and $106-116 Mg-1dry for poplar. Costs for willow minimized when hot water extraction and high-moisture densification preprocessing were used. Models also suggest that social and regional factors could further reduce costs. Results will give guidance to feedstock growers, harvesting andmore » logistic operations, biorefinery project developers, and policy makers developing SRWC to support a growing bioeconomy.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [3];  [1];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [1];  [5];  [1];  [6];  [1];  [6];  [7];  [3];  [8];  [1] more »;  [6];  [6];  [1];  [7];  [7];  [3];  [2] « less
  1. State Univ. of New York (SUNY), Syracuse, NY (United States). College of Environmental Science and Forestry
  2. Applied Biorefinery Sciences
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  4. University of British Columbia
  5. Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
  6. GreenWood Resources
  7. West Virginia Univ., Morgantown, WV (United States)
  8. GreenWood Resouces
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SUNY-ESF
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1768177
Report Number(s):
Final Report:EE0006638
DOE Contract Number:  
EE0006638
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; Short Rotation Woody Crops, Biomass, Harvesting Logistics, Hot Water Extraction, Willow, Poplar

Citation Formats

Eisenbies, Mark, Volk, Timothy, Amidon, Thomas, Bergey, Scott, Bold-Erdene, Zolboo, Clark, Robin, DeSouza, Daniel, Ebadian, Mahmood, Emerson, Rachel, Gantz, Carlos, Hallen, Karl, Hartley, Damon, Heavey, Justin, Himes, Austin, Koch, Ted, Shuen, Rich, Schuler, Jamie, Sheddan, Megan, Stanton, Brian, Stipanovic, Art, Stonex, Rick, Summers, Bruce, Therasme, Obste, Wang, Jingxin, Wang, Yuxi, Webb, Erin, and Wood, Christopher. Improved Advanced Biomass Logistics Utilizing Woody and other Feedstocks in the Northeast and Pacific Northwest. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.2172/1768177.
Eisenbies, Mark, Volk, Timothy, Amidon, Thomas, Bergey, Scott, Bold-Erdene, Zolboo, Clark, Robin, DeSouza, Daniel, Ebadian, Mahmood, Emerson, Rachel, Gantz, Carlos, Hallen, Karl, Hartley, Damon, Heavey, Justin, Himes, Austin, Koch, Ted, Shuen, Rich, Schuler, Jamie, Sheddan, Megan, Stanton, Brian, Stipanovic, Art, Stonex, Rick, Summers, Bruce, Therasme, Obste, Wang, Jingxin, Wang, Yuxi, Webb, Erin, & Wood, Christopher. Improved Advanced Biomass Logistics Utilizing Woody and other Feedstocks in the Northeast and Pacific Northwest. United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/1768177
Eisenbies, Mark, Volk, Timothy, Amidon, Thomas, Bergey, Scott, Bold-Erdene, Zolboo, Clark, Robin, DeSouza, Daniel, Ebadian, Mahmood, Emerson, Rachel, Gantz, Carlos, Hallen, Karl, Hartley, Damon, Heavey, Justin, Himes, Austin, Koch, Ted, Shuen, Rich, Schuler, Jamie, Sheddan, Megan, Stanton, Brian, Stipanovic, Art, Stonex, Rick, Summers, Bruce, Therasme, Obste, Wang, Jingxin, Wang, Yuxi, Webb, Erin, and Wood, Christopher. 2020. "Improved Advanced Biomass Logistics Utilizing Woody and other Feedstocks in the Northeast and Pacific Northwest". United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/1768177. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1768177.
@article{osti_1768177,
title = {Improved Advanced Biomass Logistics Utilizing Woody and other Feedstocks in the Northeast and Pacific Northwest},
author = {Eisenbies, Mark and Volk, Timothy and Amidon, Thomas and Bergey, Scott and Bold-Erdene, Zolboo and Clark, Robin and DeSouza, Daniel and Ebadian, Mahmood and Emerson, Rachel and Gantz, Carlos and Hallen, Karl and Hartley, Damon and Heavey, Justin and Himes, Austin and Koch, Ted and Shuen, Rich and Schuler, Jamie and Sheddan, Megan and Stanton, Brian and Stipanovic, Art and Stonex, Rick and Summers, Bruce and Therasme, Obste and Wang, Jingxin and Wang, Yuxi and Webb, Erin and Wood, Christopher},
abstractNote = {Willow and poplar short rotation woody crops (SRWC) have shown promise with regards to environmental benefits and rural development but wide adoption lags due to underdeveloped markets and supply systems. High costs associated with harvesting, handling and transportation (40-60% of delivered cost) have impeded expansion. A better understanding of these systems will create opportunities to improve efficiency, reduce costs, and realize environmental benefits and impacts. The project’s goal was to lower the delivered cost of hybrid poplar in the Northwest and willow in the Northeast by optimizing harvesting and logistics supply systems while maintaining or improving biomass quality along the supply chain. Over 3,400 Mg of biomass and 300 ha of willow and poplar were monitored over a range of crop and field conditions. Feedstock quality as affected by storage and preprocessing were shown to improve or maintain feedstock quality. Modeled harvesting costs ranged from $38–61 Mg-1dry; when including delivery and preprocessing feedstock costs ranged between $79-83 Mg-1dry for willow and $106-116 Mg-1dry for poplar. Costs for willow minimized when hot water extraction and high-moisture densification preprocessing were used. Models also suggest that social and regional factors could further reduce costs. Results will give guidance to feedstock growers, harvesting and logistic operations, biorefinery project developers, and policy makers developing SRWC to support a growing bioeconomy.},
doi = {10.2172/1768177},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1768177}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {12}
}