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Title: The effect of heat treatment on the microstructure and creep rupture properties of 9Cr-0.5Mo-1.8W steel

Abstract

The effects of austenitizing at temperatures in the range 970 to 1,145 C and of tempering at temperatures in the range 715 to 835 C on the microstructure and stress rupture strength of the 9Cr0.5Mo1.8W steel NF616 have been investigated. After austenitization and tempering, the steel exhibited elongated martensite laths within the prior austenite grains, the boundaries of which were decorated with M{sub 23}C{sub 6} precipitates. Two types of MX (where X is C and/or N) precipitate were detected; spheroidal Nb(C,N) particles and plate-like V-rich nitrides. The prior austenite grain size and the size and distribution of fine carbides depended on the heat treatment temperatures. For low tempering temperatures (715 and 745 C), the hardness was higher, the higher the austenitization temperature. For the higher tempering temperatures, there was no effect of the austenitization temperature on hardness. The results of the stress rupture tests showed that tempering at 835 C caused a considerable loss of creep rupture strength. Tempering should therefore be carried out at temperatures of 800 C or below.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. Technical Univ. of Aachen (Germany)
  2. Research Centre Juelich (Germany). Inst. for Materials in Energy Systems 1
  3. Preussen Elektra AG, Hanover (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
176096
Report Number(s):
CONF-950740-
ISBN 0-7918-1346-0; TRN: 96:003655
Resource Type:
Book
Resource Relation:
Conference: Joint American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)/Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers (JSME) pressure vessels and piping conference, Honolulu, HI (United States), 23-27 Jul 1995; Other Information: PBD: 1995; Related Information: Is Part Of Fitness-for-service and decisions for petroleum and chemical equipment. PVP-Volume 315; Prager, M.; Becht, C. IV; Depadova, T.A.; Okazaki, M.; Onyewuenyi, O.A.; Smith, J.P.; Takezono, S.; Weingart, L.J.; Yagi, K. [eds.]; PB: 560 p.
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; CHROMIUM STEELS; HEAT TREATMENTS; MICROSTRUCTURE; MECHANICAL PROPERTIES; TUNGSTEN ALLOYS; MOLYBDENUM ADDITIONS; TEMPERATURE RANGE 1000-4000 K; GRAIN SIZE; GRAIN BOUNDARIES; PRECIPITATION HARDENING; NIOBIUM CARBIDES; NIOBIUM NITRIDES; VANADIUM NITRIDES; THERMAL POWER PLANTS; MATERIALS; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; RUPTURES; CREEP; HARDNESS; EXPERIMENTAL DATA

Citation Formats

Nickel, H, Research Centre Juelich, Ennis, P J, and Wachter, O. The effect of heat treatment on the microstructure and creep rupture properties of 9Cr-0.5Mo-1.8W steel. United States: N. p., 1995. Web.
Nickel, H, Research Centre Juelich, Ennis, P J, & Wachter, O. The effect of heat treatment on the microstructure and creep rupture properties of 9Cr-0.5Mo-1.8W steel. United States.
Nickel, H, Research Centre Juelich, Ennis, P J, and Wachter, O. Sun . "The effect of heat treatment on the microstructure and creep rupture properties of 9Cr-0.5Mo-1.8W steel". United States.
@article{osti_176096,
title = {The effect of heat treatment on the microstructure and creep rupture properties of 9Cr-0.5Mo-1.8W steel},
author = {Nickel, H and Research Centre Juelich and Ennis, P J and Wachter, O},
abstractNote = {The effects of austenitizing at temperatures in the range 970 to 1,145 C and of tempering at temperatures in the range 715 to 835 C on the microstructure and stress rupture strength of the 9Cr0.5Mo1.8W steel NF616 have been investigated. After austenitization and tempering, the steel exhibited elongated martensite laths within the prior austenite grains, the boundaries of which were decorated with M{sub 23}C{sub 6} precipitates. Two types of MX (where X is C and/or N) precipitate were detected; spheroidal Nb(C,N) particles and plate-like V-rich nitrides. The prior austenite grain size and the size and distribution of fine carbides depended on the heat treatment temperatures. For low tempering temperatures (715 and 745 C), the hardness was higher, the higher the austenitization temperature. For the higher tempering temperatures, there was no effect of the austenitization temperature on hardness. The results of the stress rupture tests showed that tempering at 835 C caused a considerable loss of creep rupture strength. Tempering should therefore be carried out at temperatures of 800 C or below.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1995},
month = {12}
}

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