skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Evaluation of Hybrid FPOG Applications in Regulated and Deregulated Markets Using HERON

Abstract

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Recent changes in the U.S. energy market, such as low natural gas prices and increased electricity production for variable renewable energy (VRE) sources, have led to an economic crisis for existing light-water reactor (LWR) nuclear power plants (NPP). Many owners and operators of LWRs have elected to decommission these plants rather than continue using them as consistent sources of clean baseload power. This has led to exploration of various possibilities to increase the economic viability of these units, including market restructuring to monetize benefits LWRs already provide to the grid through ancillary markets, load following and economic dispatch, and possible integration of secondary systems directly to the NPP for production of additional products through technologies such as hydrogen electrolysis or water desalination. Previous studies have considered the technologies associated with these Integrated Energy Systems (IES) activities, and the analysis of markets for these secondary products. To analyze the economic viability of various system configurations including IES, especially given the uncertainty surrounding load demand, electricity prices, and the availability of VRE resources, the stochastic technoeconomic analysis package HERON (Heuristic Energy Resource Optimization Network) was released earlier this year as an extension of the risk analysis framework RAVEN (Risk Analysismore » Virtual Environment). HERON focuses foremost on making the complex uncertainty quantification analysis tools approachable for energy systems analysts, also providing general dispatch optimization algorithms for those workflows. HERON continues to be improved and tested as a significant part of the IES viability analyses performed in this work. HERON is not a capacity expansion model. To consider market and grid energy system development in a variety of scenarios, HERON is best used in coupling with modelling tools such as US-REGEN, which sacrifice some of the uncertainty analysis and resolution of HERON?s modelling for the ability to efficiently predict the change in the grid energy system?s profile due to economic drivers over decades. HERON can then use this information to explore the economic viability of introducing changes to the predicted outcomes, such as the introduction of an IES. In this work, experts at EPRI using US-REGEN provide six projection scenarios for use in HERON stochastic technoeconomic analysis (STEA) in considering the options available for increasing LWR economic viability through introduction of a hydrogen-centric IES using a high-temperature steam electrolysis plant (HTSE), hydrogen storage, and a constant-rate contracted hydrogen consumer. The results obtained are differential in nature; they do not report expected profits for any configuration, but rather report on the possible increase in the NPV of a configuration with respect to a baseline no-IES configuration. Due to the uncertainty captured in the variable net load of the systems, there is likewise uncertainty in the mean values reported. We consider this viability both in terms of a regulated market, where the energy producers and IES are owned and operated by single entity, as well as a deregulated market, where the IES chooses its bid for electricity generation and is then dispatched by the grid system operator. Results indicate that for deregulated markets, the inclusion of the IES is often statistically beneficial. This is especially true in policies that are not favorable towards nuclear, as nuclear is less often dispatched and is forced to deal with frequent idle capacity. In the nominal case as well as the case of carbon tax policies, inclusion of the IES clearly benefited the economic performance of the NPP. In the regulated case, however, there was a trend towards minimizing the IES, likely due to the optimal sizing performed by US-REGEN of the NPP within the system as well as the lack of penalty for idle capacity at the NPP in the regulated market analyses.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2]
  1. Idaho National Laboratory
  2. Energy Power Research Institute
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
DOE-HQ Nuclear Energy; USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1755894
Report Number(s):
INL/EXT-20-60968-Rev000
DOE Contract Number:  
DE-AC07-05ID14517
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
99 - GENERAL AND MISCELLANEOUS; HERON, RAVEN, technoeconomic analysis, deregulated market, regulated market, Integrated Energy Systems

Citation Formats

Talbot, Paul W, McDowell, Dylan James, Richards, James D, Cogliati, Joshua J, Alfonsi, Andrea, Rabiti, Cristian, Boardman, Richard D, Bernhoft, S., la Chesnaye, F. de, Ela, E., Hytowitz, R., Kerr, C., Taber, J., Tuohy, A., and Ziebell, D.. Evaluation of Hybrid FPOG Applications in Regulated and Deregulated Markets Using HERON. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.2172/1755894.
Talbot, Paul W, McDowell, Dylan James, Richards, James D, Cogliati, Joshua J, Alfonsi, Andrea, Rabiti, Cristian, Boardman, Richard D, Bernhoft, S., la Chesnaye, F. de, Ela, E., Hytowitz, R., Kerr, C., Taber, J., Tuohy, A., & Ziebell, D.. Evaluation of Hybrid FPOG Applications in Regulated and Deregulated Markets Using HERON. United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/1755894
Talbot, Paul W, McDowell, Dylan James, Richards, James D, Cogliati, Joshua J, Alfonsi, Andrea, Rabiti, Cristian, Boardman, Richard D, Bernhoft, S., la Chesnaye, F. de, Ela, E., Hytowitz, R., Kerr, C., Taber, J., Tuohy, A., and Ziebell, D.. 2020. "Evaluation of Hybrid FPOG Applications in Regulated and Deregulated Markets Using HERON". United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/1755894. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1755894.
@article{osti_1755894,
title = {Evaluation of Hybrid FPOG Applications in Regulated and Deregulated Markets Using HERON},
author = {Talbot, Paul W and McDowell, Dylan James and Richards, James D and Cogliati, Joshua J and Alfonsi, Andrea and Rabiti, Cristian and Boardman, Richard D and Bernhoft, S. and la Chesnaye, F. de and Ela, E. and Hytowitz, R. and Kerr, C. and Taber, J. and Tuohy, A. and Ziebell, D.},
abstractNote = {EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Recent changes in the U.S. energy market, such as low natural gas prices and increased electricity production for variable renewable energy (VRE) sources, have led to an economic crisis for existing light-water reactor (LWR) nuclear power plants (NPP). Many owners and operators of LWRs have elected to decommission these plants rather than continue using them as consistent sources of clean baseload power. This has led to exploration of various possibilities to increase the economic viability of these units, including market restructuring to monetize benefits LWRs already provide to the grid through ancillary markets, load following and economic dispatch, and possible integration of secondary systems directly to the NPP for production of additional products through technologies such as hydrogen electrolysis or water desalination. Previous studies have considered the technologies associated with these Integrated Energy Systems (IES) activities, and the analysis of markets for these secondary products. To analyze the economic viability of various system configurations including IES, especially given the uncertainty surrounding load demand, electricity prices, and the availability of VRE resources, the stochastic technoeconomic analysis package HERON (Heuristic Energy Resource Optimization Network) was released earlier this year as an extension of the risk analysis framework RAVEN (Risk Analysis Virtual Environment). HERON focuses foremost on making the complex uncertainty quantification analysis tools approachable for energy systems analysts, also providing general dispatch optimization algorithms for those workflows. HERON continues to be improved and tested as a significant part of the IES viability analyses performed in this work. HERON is not a capacity expansion model. To consider market and grid energy system development in a variety of scenarios, HERON is best used in coupling with modelling tools such as US-REGEN, which sacrifice some of the uncertainty analysis and resolution of HERON?s modelling for the ability to efficiently predict the change in the grid energy system?s profile due to economic drivers over decades. HERON can then use this information to explore the economic viability of introducing changes to the predicted outcomes, such as the introduction of an IES. In this work, experts at EPRI using US-REGEN provide six projection scenarios for use in HERON stochastic technoeconomic analysis (STEA) in considering the options available for increasing LWR economic viability through introduction of a hydrogen-centric IES using a high-temperature steam electrolysis plant (HTSE), hydrogen storage, and a constant-rate contracted hydrogen consumer. The results obtained are differential in nature; they do not report expected profits for any configuration, but rather report on the possible increase in the NPV of a configuration with respect to a baseline no-IES configuration. Due to the uncertainty captured in the variable net load of the systems, there is likewise uncertainty in the mean values reported. We consider this viability both in terms of a regulated market, where the energy producers and IES are owned and operated by single entity, as well as a deregulated market, where the IES chooses its bid for electricity generation and is then dispatched by the grid system operator. Results indicate that for deregulated markets, the inclusion of the IES is often statistically beneficial. This is especially true in policies that are not favorable towards nuclear, as nuclear is less often dispatched and is forced to deal with frequent idle capacity. In the nominal case as well as the case of carbon tax policies, inclusion of the IES clearly benefited the economic performance of the NPP. In the regulated case, however, there was a trend towards minimizing the IES, likely due to the optimal sizing performed by US-REGEN of the NPP within the system as well as the lack of penalty for idle capacity at the NPP in the regulated market analyses.},
doi = {10.2172/1755894},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1755894}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {12}
}