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Title: A Study on Modeled Wind Speed Errors Using the U.S. Department of Energy Buoys

Abstract

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) operates two AXYS WindSentinel lidar buoys for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Wind Energy Technologies Office. The purpose of these buoys is to collect hub-height winds and supporting meteorological and oceanographic information to facilitate the development of wind energy in the U.S. waters. The first deployment for one buoy was off the coast of Virginia from December 2014 to May 2016, and the first deployment for the other buoy was off the coast of New Jersey from November 2015 until February 2017. This report describes recent analysis of data collected during these first two deployments. Specifically, we compare hub-height wind speed estimates using Monin-Obukhov Similarity Theory (MOST) to the lidar measurements, and examine how those errors are affected by wind direction, atmospheric stability, wind-wave direction differences, and various measures of the wave-state. The comparisons are done using standard similarity functions based on MOST; including the Businger - Dyer, the Beljaars & Holtslag and the Vickers &Mahrt similarity functions. All models produce large errors over the range of atmospheric stabilities that were observed, with the largest errors occurring for stable flows. The Vickers & Mahrt function resulted in the largest overall bias and standard deviation, whilemore » Beljaars & Holtslag function gave the smallest bias and standard deviation due to its better performance under stable conditions. The models perform best under unstable conditions, but even in this regime there is a consistent overestimation of the wind speed of between roughly 0 to 1 ms-1 compared to the lidar measurements. We identify specific metocean conditions (i.e. stability and wind and wave directions) at each of the deployment locations that lead to large errors in MOST predictions. Finally, a coupled ocean-atmosphere model framework was investigated to simulate large errors in weather research forecasting (WRF).« less


Citation Formats

Newsom, Rob K., Sheridan, Lindsay M., Gaudet, Brian J., Garcia Medina, Gabriel, Yang, Zhaoqing, Krishnamurthy, Raghavendra, and Shaw, William J. A Study on Modeled Wind Speed Errors Using the U.S. Department of Energy Buoys. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.2172/1713065.
Newsom, Rob K., Sheridan, Lindsay M., Gaudet, Brian J., Garcia Medina, Gabriel, Yang, Zhaoqing, Krishnamurthy, Raghavendra, & Shaw, William J. A Study on Modeled Wind Speed Errors Using the U.S. Department of Energy Buoys. United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/1713065
Newsom, Rob K., Sheridan, Lindsay M., Gaudet, Brian J., Garcia Medina, Gabriel, Yang, Zhaoqing, Krishnamurthy, Raghavendra, and Shaw, William J. Sun . "A Study on Modeled Wind Speed Errors Using the U.S. Department of Energy Buoys". United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/1713065. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1713065.
@article{osti_1713065,
title = {A Study on Modeled Wind Speed Errors Using the U.S. Department of Energy Buoys},
author = {Newsom, Rob K. and Sheridan, Lindsay M. and Gaudet, Brian J. and Garcia Medina, Gabriel and Yang, Zhaoqing and Krishnamurthy, Raghavendra and Shaw, William J.},
abstractNote = {Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) operates two AXYS WindSentinel lidar buoys for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Wind Energy Technologies Office. The purpose of these buoys is to collect hub-height winds and supporting meteorological and oceanographic information to facilitate the development of wind energy in the U.S. waters. The first deployment for one buoy was off the coast of Virginia from December 2014 to May 2016, and the first deployment for the other buoy was off the coast of New Jersey from November 2015 until February 2017. This report describes recent analysis of data collected during these first two deployments. Specifically, we compare hub-height wind speed estimates using Monin-Obukhov Similarity Theory (MOST) to the lidar measurements, and examine how those errors are affected by wind direction, atmospheric stability, wind-wave direction differences, and various measures of the wave-state. The comparisons are done using standard similarity functions based on MOST; including the Businger - Dyer, the Beljaars & Holtslag and the Vickers &Mahrt similarity functions. All models produce large errors over the range of atmospheric stabilities that were observed, with the largest errors occurring for stable flows. The Vickers & Mahrt function resulted in the largest overall bias and standard deviation, while Beljaars & Holtslag function gave the smallest bias and standard deviation due to its better performance under stable conditions. The models perform best under unstable conditions, but even in this regime there is a consistent overestimation of the wind speed of between roughly 0 to 1 ms-1 compared to the lidar measurements. We identify specific metocean conditions (i.e. stability and wind and wave directions) at each of the deployment locations that lead to large errors in MOST predictions. Finally, a coupled ocean-atmosphere model framework was investigated to simulate large errors in weather research forecasting (WRF).},
doi = {10.2172/1713065},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1713065}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {7}
}