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Title: Measurement of the Ratio of the Neutron to Proton Structure Functions, and the Three-Nucleon EMC Effect in Deep Inelastic Electron Scattering Off Tritium and Helium-3 Mirror Nuclei

Abstract

The proton and neutron structure functions Fp 2 and Fn 2, respectively are fundamental to understanding many studies in nuclear physics. They provide important information about quark distributions. For example, the ratio Fn 2/Fp 2 is one of the best measurements to find the ratio of d quark over u quark distribution inside the proton. While the calculations of structure functions and quark distributions are non-perturbative, they can be determined by the parameterization of experimental data. The understanding of Fn 2/Fp 2 and d/u as x -> 1 has a large influence on global fits and parameterization, and can be used to distinguish the non-perturbative models which give different predictions. However, Fn 2/Fp 2 measured using deuteron and hydrogen targets has large nuclear uncertainties at large x, because the nuclear effects in the deuteron become significant at large x. The MARATHON experiment, which ran in spring 2018 using the upgraded 11 GeV Jefferson Lab electron beam, employs a novel method. It performed deep inelastic scattering off tritium and helium-3 mirror nuclei to measure Fn 2/Fp 2 over the range x = 0.17 to x = 0.82. Since tritium and helium-3 are mirror nuclei, theoretical uncertainties largely cancel out in themore » ratio. The extracted Fn 2/Fp 2 has much smaller uncertainties compared with previous experiments at large x. The MARATHON experiment also provided results on the EMC effect for tritium and helium-3 nuclei. The results are considered essential for understanding the EMC effect. This thesis describes the MARATHON experiment, and presents results for Fn 2/Fp 2, and the EMC effect for tritium and helium-3.« less

Authors:
 [1]
  1. Univ. of Massachusetts, Lowell, MA (United States); Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States); Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP)
OSTI Identifier:
1673608
Report Number(s):
JLAB-PHY-20-3264; DOE/OR/23177-5062
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-06OR23177
Resource Type:
Thesis/Dissertation
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Liu, Hanjie. Measurement of the Ratio of the Neutron to Proton Structure Functions, and the Three-Nucleon EMC Effect in Deep Inelastic Electron Scattering Off Tritium and Helium-3 Mirror Nuclei. United States: N. p., 2020. Web.
Liu, Hanjie. Measurement of the Ratio of the Neutron to Proton Structure Functions, and the Three-Nucleon EMC Effect in Deep Inelastic Electron Scattering Off Tritium and Helium-3 Mirror Nuclei. United States.
Liu, Hanjie. Mon . "Measurement of the Ratio of the Neutron to Proton Structure Functions, and the Three-Nucleon EMC Effect in Deep Inelastic Electron Scattering Off Tritium and Helium-3 Mirror Nuclei". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1673608.
@article{osti_1673608,
title = {Measurement of the Ratio of the Neutron to Proton Structure Functions, and the Three-Nucleon EMC Effect in Deep Inelastic Electron Scattering Off Tritium and Helium-3 Mirror Nuclei},
author = {Liu, Hanjie},
abstractNote = {The proton and neutron structure functions Fp 2 and Fn 2, respectively are fundamental to understanding many studies in nuclear physics. They provide important information about quark distributions. For example, the ratio Fn 2/Fp 2 is one of the best measurements to find the ratio of d quark over u quark distribution inside the proton. While the calculations of structure functions and quark distributions are non-perturbative, they can be determined by the parameterization of experimental data. The understanding of Fn 2/Fp 2 and d/u as x -> 1 has a large influence on global fits and parameterization, and can be used to distinguish the non-perturbative models which give different predictions. However, Fn 2/Fp 2 measured using deuteron and hydrogen targets has large nuclear uncertainties at large x, because the nuclear effects in the deuteron become significant at large x. The MARATHON experiment, which ran in spring 2018 using the upgraded 11 GeV Jefferson Lab electron beam, employs a novel method. It performed deep inelastic scattering off tritium and helium-3 mirror nuclei to measure Fn 2/Fp 2 over the range x = 0.17 to x = 0.82. Since tritium and helium-3 are mirror nuclei, theoretical uncertainties largely cancel out in the ratio. The extracted Fn 2/Fp 2 has much smaller uncertainties compared with previous experiments at large x. The MARATHON experiment also provided results on the EMC effect for tritium and helium-3 nuclei. The results are considered essential for understanding the EMC effect. This thesis describes the MARATHON experiment, and presents results for Fn 2/Fp 2, and the EMC effect for tritium and helium-3.},
doi = {},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1673608}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {8}
}

Thesis/Dissertation:
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