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Title: Zeolite Nanosheets Stabilize Catalyst Particles to Promote the Growth of Thermodynamically Unfavorable, Small–Diameter Carbon Nanotubes

Abstract

A challenge in the synthesis of single–wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) is the lack of control over the formation and evolution of catalyst nanoparticles and the lack of control over their size or chirality. Here, zeolite MFI nanosheets (MFI–Ns) are used to keep cobalt (Co) nanoparticles stable during prolonged annealing conditions. Environmental transmission electron microscopy (ETEM) shows that the MFI–Ns can influence the size and shape of nanoparticles via particle/support registry, which leads to the preferential docking of nanoparticles to four or fewer pores and to the regulation of the SWCNT synthesis products. The resulting SWCNT population exhibits a narrow diameter distribution and SWCNTs of nearly all chiral angles, including sub–nm zigzag (ZZ) and near–ZZ tubes. Theoretical simulations reveal that the growth of these unfavorable tubes from unsupported catalysts leads to the rapid encapsulation of catalyst nanoparticles bearing them; their presence in the growth products suggests that the MFI–Ns prevent nanoparticle encapsulation and prologue ZZ and near–ZZ SWCNT growth. Furthermore, these results thus present a path forward for controlling nanoparticle formation and evolution, for achieving size– and shape–selectivity at high temperature, and for controlling SWCNT synthesis.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [4];  [5];  [3];  [6]; ORCiD logo [4];  [7]
  1. Wright‐Patterson Air Force Base, Dayton, OH(United States); UES, Inc., Dayton, OH (United States)
  2. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (United States); Chonnam National University, Gwangju (Korea)
  3. Rice University, Houston, TX (United States)
  4. Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  5. University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA (United States)
  6. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (United States); Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD (United States)
  7. Wright‐Patterson Air Force Base, Dayton, OH (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
1670661
Report Number(s):
BNL-219896-2020-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 1613-6810
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Small
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 16; Journal Issue: 38; Journal ID: ISSN 1613-6810
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Catalyst coarsening; catalyst encapsulation; environmental transmission electron microscopy; MFI zeolite nanosheets; single-wall carbon nanotubes

Citation Formats

Carpena‐Núñez, Jennifer, Rao, Rahul, Kim, Donghun, Bets, Ksenia V., Zakharov, Dmitri N., Boscoboinik, J. Anibal, Stach, Eric A., Yakobson, Boris I., Tsapatsis, Michael, Stacchiola, Dario, and Maruyama, Benji. Zeolite Nanosheets Stabilize Catalyst Particles to Promote the Growth of Thermodynamically Unfavorable, Small–Diameter Carbon Nanotubes. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1002/smll.202002120.
Carpena‐Núñez, Jennifer, Rao, Rahul, Kim, Donghun, Bets, Ksenia V., Zakharov, Dmitri N., Boscoboinik, J. Anibal, Stach, Eric A., Yakobson, Boris I., Tsapatsis, Michael, Stacchiola, Dario, & Maruyama, Benji. Zeolite Nanosheets Stabilize Catalyst Particles to Promote the Growth of Thermodynamically Unfavorable, Small–Diameter Carbon Nanotubes. United States. doi:10.1002/smll.202002120.
Carpena‐Núñez, Jennifer, Rao, Rahul, Kim, Donghun, Bets, Ksenia V., Zakharov, Dmitri N., Boscoboinik, J. Anibal, Stach, Eric A., Yakobson, Boris I., Tsapatsis, Michael, Stacchiola, Dario, and Maruyama, Benji. Tue . "Zeolite Nanosheets Stabilize Catalyst Particles to Promote the Growth of Thermodynamically Unfavorable, Small–Diameter Carbon Nanotubes". United States. doi:10.1002/smll.202002120.
@article{osti_1670661,
title = {Zeolite Nanosheets Stabilize Catalyst Particles to Promote the Growth of Thermodynamically Unfavorable, Small–Diameter Carbon Nanotubes},
author = {Carpena‐Núñez, Jennifer and Rao, Rahul and Kim, Donghun and Bets, Ksenia V. and Zakharov, Dmitri N. and Boscoboinik, J. Anibal and Stach, Eric A. and Yakobson, Boris I. and Tsapatsis, Michael and Stacchiola, Dario and Maruyama, Benji},
abstractNote = {A challenge in the synthesis of single–wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) is the lack of control over the formation and evolution of catalyst nanoparticles and the lack of control over their size or chirality. Here, zeolite MFI nanosheets (MFI–Ns) are used to keep cobalt (Co) nanoparticles stable during prolonged annealing conditions. Environmental transmission electron microscopy (ETEM) shows that the MFI–Ns can influence the size and shape of nanoparticles via particle/support registry, which leads to the preferential docking of nanoparticles to four or fewer pores and to the regulation of the SWCNT synthesis products. The resulting SWCNT population exhibits a narrow diameter distribution and SWCNTs of nearly all chiral angles, including sub–nm zigzag (ZZ) and near–ZZ tubes. Theoretical simulations reveal that the growth of these unfavorable tubes from unsupported catalysts leads to the rapid encapsulation of catalyst nanoparticles bearing them; their presence in the growth products suggests that the MFI–Ns prevent nanoparticle encapsulation and prologue ZZ and near–ZZ SWCNT growth. Furthermore, these results thus present a path forward for controlling nanoparticle formation and evolution, for achieving size– and shape–selectivity at high temperature, and for controlling SWCNT synthesis.},
doi = {10.1002/smll.202002120},
journal = {Small},
issn = {1613-6810},
number = 38,
volume = 16,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {8}
}

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