skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Cost estimates of production scale semitransparent organic photovoltaic modules for building integrated photovoltaics

Abstract

Building integrated photovoltaics (BIPVs) are attached to commercial and residential structures to enable solar energy harvesting. While conventional Si photovoltaics (PVs) are dominant in the current market, second and third generation thin film solar cells based on amorphous Si, CdTe, CIGS, perovskites or organic photovoltaics (OPVs) are often considered as an alternative for BIPV applications since they may offer reduced costs compared to Si PVs. Indeed, recent advances in performance suggest that lightweight, flexible and visibly transparent OPVs can potentially be integrated into windows or other applications to which Si PVs are less well suited. Here, we estimate the cost of high efficiency, semitransparent OPVs (ST-OPVs) based on solution processing in a roll-to-roll (R2R) manufacturing line. Assuming modules with 10% power conversion efficiency (PCE), a 70% geometric fill factor (GFF), and 95% inverter efficiency, we anticipate a %1.6 per Wp module manufacturing cost that includes the cost of the microinverter to condition the OPV dc output to be compatible with the ac line voltage of the building. The materials and inverter cost comprise ~90% of the total module cost. Hence, with simplified material synthesis and a lower inverter cost, including marginally improved PCE and GFF, we expect the cost canmore » be as low as $0.47 per Wp. Here, while the module costs ~60% of the average (uninstalled) double-pane window, we expect the payback period can be as short as 2 to 6 years, suggesting that OPVs can be an economic and attractive candidate for BIPV applications.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Renewable Power Office. Solar Energy Technologies Office
OSTI Identifier:
1669367
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1669719
Grant/Contract Number:  
EE0008561
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Sustainable Energy & Fuels
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Sustainable Energy & Fuels; Journal ID: ISSN 2398-4902
Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Lee, Byungjun, Lahann, Lucas, Li, Yongxi, and Forrest, Stephen R. Cost estimates of production scale semitransparent organic photovoltaic modules for building integrated photovoltaics. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1039/d0se00910e.
Lee, Byungjun, Lahann, Lucas, Li, Yongxi, & Forrest, Stephen R. Cost estimates of production scale semitransparent organic photovoltaic modules for building integrated photovoltaics. United States. doi:10.1039/d0se00910e.
Lee, Byungjun, Lahann, Lucas, Li, Yongxi, and Forrest, Stephen R. Wed . "Cost estimates of production scale semitransparent organic photovoltaic modules for building integrated photovoltaics". United States. doi:10.1039/d0se00910e.
@article{osti_1669367,
title = {Cost estimates of production scale semitransparent organic photovoltaic modules for building integrated photovoltaics},
author = {Lee, Byungjun and Lahann, Lucas and Li, Yongxi and Forrest, Stephen R.},
abstractNote = {Building integrated photovoltaics (BIPVs) are attached to commercial and residential structures to enable solar energy harvesting. While conventional Si photovoltaics (PVs) are dominant in the current market, second and third generation thin film solar cells based on amorphous Si, CdTe, CIGS, perovskites or organic photovoltaics (OPVs) are often considered as an alternative for BIPV applications since they may offer reduced costs compared to Si PVs. Indeed, recent advances in performance suggest that lightweight, flexible and visibly transparent OPVs can potentially be integrated into windows or other applications to which Si PVs are less well suited. Here, we estimate the cost of high efficiency, semitransparent OPVs (ST-OPVs) based on solution processing in a roll-to-roll (R2R) manufacturing line. Assuming modules with 10% power conversion efficiency (PCE), a 70% geometric fill factor (GFF), and 95% inverter efficiency, we anticipate a %1.6 per Wp module manufacturing cost that includes the cost of the microinverter to condition the OPV dc output to be compatible with the ac line voltage of the building. The materials and inverter cost comprise ~90% of the total module cost. Hence, with simplified material synthesis and a lower inverter cost, including marginally improved PCE and GFF, we expect the cost can be as low as $0.47 per Wp. Here, while the module costs ~60% of the average (uninstalled) double-pane window, we expect the payback period can be as short as 2 to 6 years, suggesting that OPVs can be an economic and attractive candidate for BIPV applications.},
doi = {10.1039/d0se00910e},
journal = {Sustainable Energy & Fuels},
issn = {2398-4902},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {9}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
This content will become publicly available on September 23, 2021
Publisher's Version of Record

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Building Integrated Photovoltaics (BIPV): Review, Potentials, Barriers and Myths
journal, January 2013

  • Heinstein, Patrick; Ballif, Christophe; Perret-Aebi, Laure-Emmanuelle
  • Green, Vol. 3, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1515/green-2013-0020

Is it time to embrace building integrated Photovoltaics? A review with particular focus on Australia
journal, August 2019


Recent advancement in BIPV product technologies: A review
journal, April 2017


Holistic economic analysis of building integrated photovoltaics (BIPV) system: Case studies evaluation
journal, November 2019


Estimation of the energetic and environmental impacts of a roof-mounted building-integrated photovoltaic systems
journal, September 2012

  • Cucchiella, Federica; D'Adamo, Idiano
  • Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 16, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2012.04.034

Semitransparent Building-Integrated Photovoltaic: Review on Energy Performance, Challenges, and Future Potential
journal, October 2019

  • Joseph, Benedicto; Pogrebnaya, Tatiana; Kichonge, Baraka
  • International Journal of Photoenergy, Vol. 2019
  • DOI: 10.1155/2019/5214150

Market Readiness of Organic Photovoltaics for Building Integration
journal, January 2014

  • der Wiel, Bas van; Egelhaaf, Hans-Joachim; Issa, Hermann
  • MRS Proceedings, Vol. 1639
  • DOI: 10.1557/opl.2014.88

Intrinsically stable organic solar cells under high-intensity illumination
journal, September 2019


17% Efficient Organic Solar Cells Based on Liquid Exfoliated WS 2 as a Replacement for PEDOT:PSS
journal, September 2019

  • Lin, Yuanbao; Adilbekova, Begimai; Firdaus, Yuliar
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 31, Issue 46
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201902965

Color-neutral, semitransparent organic photovoltaics for power window applications
journal, August 2020

  • Li, Yongxi; Guo, Xia; Peng, Zhengxing
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 117, Issue 35
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2007799117

Enhanced Light Utilization in Semitransparent Organic Photovoltaics Using an Optical Outcoupling Architecture
journal, August 2019


Emergence of highly transparent photovoltaics for distributed applications
journal, October 2017


A complete process for production of flexible large area polymer solar cells entirely using screen printing—First public demonstration
journal, April 2009

  • Krebs, Frederik C.; Jørgensen, Mikkel; Norrman, Kion
  • Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Vol. 93, Issue 4, p. 422-441
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.solmat.2008.12.001

Roll-to-Roll fabrication of large area functional organic materials
journal, October 2012

  • Søndergaard, Roar R.; Hösel, Markus; Krebs, Frederik C.
  • Journal of Polymer Science Part B: Polymer Physics, Vol. 51, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1002/polb.23192

Economic assessment of solar electricity production from organic-based photovoltaic modules in a domestic environment
journal, January 2011

  • Azzopardi, Brian; Emmott, Christopher J. M.; Urbina, Antonio
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 4, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1039/c1ee01766g

Cost analysis of roll-to-roll fabricated ITO free single and tandem organic solar modules based on data from manufacture
journal, January 2014

  • Machui, Florian; Hösel, Markus; Li, Ning
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 7, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4EE01222D

A projection of commercial-scale organic photovoltaic module costs
journal, January 2014


A Cost Analysis of Fully Solution-Processed ITO-Free Organic Solar Modules
journal, November 2018


The future costs of OPV – A bottom-up model of material and manufacturing costs with uncertainty analysis
journal, November 2016


A comprehensive techno-economic review of microinverters for Building Integrated Photovoltaics (BIPV)
journal, July 2015


A near-infrared non-fullerene electron acceptor for high performance polymer solar cells
journal, January 2017

  • Li, Yongxi; Zhong, Lian; Gautam, Bhoj
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 10, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1039/C7EE00844A

High Efficiency Near-Infrared and Semitransparent Non-Fullerene Acceptor Organic Photovoltaic Cells
journal, November 2017

  • Li, Yongxi; Lin, Jiu-Dong; Che, Xiaozhou
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 139, Issue 47
  • DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b11278

Efficient Semitransparent Solar Cells with High NIR Responsiveness Enabled by a Small-Bandgap Electron Acceptor
journal, March 2017


A Nonfullerene Semitransparent Tandem Organic Solar Cell with 10.5% Power Conversion Efficiency
journal, September 2018

  • Chen, Shangshang; Yao, Huatong; Hu, Bo
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 8, Issue 31
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201800529

Efficient Semitransparent Organic Solar Cells with Tunable Color enabled by an Ultralow-Bandgap Nonfullerene Acceptor
journal, October 2017


PV glazing technologies
journal, September 2015


Effect of synthetic accessibility on the commercial viability of organic photovoltaics
journal, January 2013

  • Osedach, Timothy P.; Andrew, Trisha L.; Bulović, Vladimir
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 6, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1039/c3ee24138f

Side Chain Selection for Designing Highly Efficient Photovoltaic Polymers with 2D-Conjugated Structure
journal, July 2014

  • Zhang, Shaoqing; Ye, Long; Zhao, Wenchao
  • Macromolecules, Vol. 47, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1021/ma500829r

An analysis of glass–glass CIGS manufacturing costs
journal, September 2016


A high throughput, linear molecular beam epitaxy system for reduced cost manufacturing of GaAs photovoltaic cells: will GaAs ever be inexpensive enough?
journal, January 2020

  • Lee, Byungjun; Fan, Dejiu; Forrest, Stephen R.
  • Sustainable Energy & Fuels, Vol. 4, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1039/C9SE01255A