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Title: Challenges and Development of Tin-Based Anode with High Volumetric Capacity for Li-Ion Batteries

Abstract

Abstract The ever-increasing energy density needs for the mass deployment of electric vehicles bring challenges to batteries. Graphitic carbon must be replaced with a higher-capacity material for any significant advancement in the energy storage capability. Sn-based materials are strong candidates as the anode for the next-generation lithium-ion batteries due to their higher volumetric capacity and relatively low working potential. However, the volume change of Sn upon the Li insertion and extraction process results in a rapid deterioration in the capacity on cycling. Substantial effort has been made in the development of Sn-based materials. A SnCo alloy has been used, but is not economically viable. To minimize the use of Co, a series of Sn–Fe–C, Sn y Fe, Sn–C composites with excellent capacity retention and rate capability has been investigated. They show the proof of principle that alloys can achieve Coulombic efficiency of over 99.95% after the first few cycles. However, the initial Coulombic efficiency needs improvement. The development and application of tin-based materials in LIBs also provide useful guidelines for sodium-ion batteries, potassium-ion batteries, magnesium-ion batteries and calcium-ion batteries. Graphic Abstract

Authors:
ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1669193
Grant/Contract Number:  
EE0007765
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Published Article
Journal Name:
Electrochemical Energy Reviews
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Electrochemical Energy Reviews; Journal ID: ISSN 2520-8489
Publisher:
Springer Science + Business Media
Country of Publication:
Singapore
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Xin, Fengxia, and Whittingham, M. Stanley. Challenges and Development of Tin-Based Anode with High Volumetric Capacity for Li-Ion Batteries. Singapore: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1007/s41918-020-00082-3.
Xin, Fengxia, & Whittingham, M. Stanley. Challenges and Development of Tin-Based Anode with High Volumetric Capacity for Li-Ion Batteries. Singapore. doi:10.1007/s41918-020-00082-3.
Xin, Fengxia, and Whittingham, M. Stanley. Thu . "Challenges and Development of Tin-Based Anode with High Volumetric Capacity for Li-Ion Batteries". Singapore. doi:10.1007/s41918-020-00082-3.
@article{osti_1669193,
title = {Challenges and Development of Tin-Based Anode with High Volumetric Capacity for Li-Ion Batteries},
author = {Xin, Fengxia and Whittingham, M. Stanley},
abstractNote = {Abstract The ever-increasing energy density needs for the mass deployment of electric vehicles bring challenges to batteries. Graphitic carbon must be replaced with a higher-capacity material for any significant advancement in the energy storage capability. Sn-based materials are strong candidates as the anode for the next-generation lithium-ion batteries due to their higher volumetric capacity and relatively low working potential. However, the volume change of Sn upon the Li insertion and extraction process results in a rapid deterioration in the capacity on cycling. Substantial effort has been made in the development of Sn-based materials. A SnCo alloy has been used, but is not economically viable. To minimize the use of Co, a series of Sn–Fe–C, Sn y Fe, Sn–C composites with excellent capacity retention and rate capability has been investigated. They show the proof of principle that alloys can achieve Coulombic efficiency of over 99.95% after the first few cycles. However, the initial Coulombic efficiency needs improvement. The development and application of tin-based materials in LIBs also provide useful guidelines for sodium-ion batteries, potassium-ion batteries, magnesium-ion batteries and calcium-ion batteries. Graphic Abstract},
doi = {10.1007/s41918-020-00082-3},
journal = {Electrochemical Energy Reviews},
issn = {2520-8489},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {Singapore},
year = {2020},
month = {10}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record at 10.1007/s41918-020-00082-3

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