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Title: Addressing R D(*), R K(*), muon g-2 and ANITA anomalies in a minimal R-parity violating supersymmetric framework

Abstract

We analyze the recent hints of lepton flavor universality violation in both charged-current and neutral-current rare decays of B mesons in an R -parity-violating supersymmetric scenario. Motivated by simplicity and minimality, we had earlier postulated the third-generation superpartners to be the lightest (calling the scenario “RPV3”) and explicitly showed that it preserves gauge coupling unification and of course has the usual attribute of naturally addressing the Higgs radiative stability. Here we show that both R D ( * ) and R K ( * ) flavor anomalies can be addressed in this RPV3 framework. Interestingly, this scenario may also be able to accommodate two other seemingly disparate anomalies, namely, the longstanding discrepancy in the muon ( g - 2 ), as well as the recent anomalous upgoing ultrahigh-energy Antarctic Impulsive Transient Antenna events. Based on symmetry arguments, we consider three different benchmark points for the relevant RPV3 couplings and carve out the regions of parameter space where all (or some) of these anomalies can be simultaneously explained. We find it remarkable that such overlap regions exist, given the plethora of precision low-energy and high-energy experimental constraints on the minimal model parameter space. The third-generation superpartners needed in this theoretical construction are all in the 1–10 TeV range, accessible at the LHC and/or next-generation hadron colliders. We also discuss some testable predictions for the lepton-flavor-violating decays of the tau lepton and B mesons for the current and future B -physics experiments, such as LHCb and Belle II. Complementary tests of the flavor anomalies in the high- p T regime in collider experiments such as the LHC are also discussed.

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. Univ. of California, Santa Cruz, CA (United States). Santa Cruz Institute for Particle Physics
  2. Washington Univ., St. Louis, MO (United States). McDonnell Center for the Space Sciences
  3. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP)
OSTI Identifier:
1668624
Report Number(s):
BNL-219880-2020-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review D
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 102; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; Rare decays; supersymmetric models; bottom mesons; superpartners

Citation Formats

Altmannshofer, Wolfgang, Dev, P. Bhupal, Soni, Amarjit, and Sui, Yicong. Addressing RD(*), RK(*), muon g-2 and ANITA anomalies in a minimal R-parity violating supersymmetric framework. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1103/physrevd.102.015031.
Altmannshofer, Wolfgang, Dev, P. Bhupal, Soni, Amarjit, & Sui, Yicong. Addressing RD(*), RK(*), muon g-2 and ANITA anomalies in a minimal R-parity violating supersymmetric framework. United States. doi:10.1103/physrevd.102.015031.
Altmannshofer, Wolfgang, Dev, P. Bhupal, Soni, Amarjit, and Sui, Yicong. Fri . "Addressing RD(*), RK(*), muon g-2 and ANITA anomalies in a minimal R-parity violating supersymmetric framework". United States. doi:10.1103/physrevd.102.015031. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1668624.
@article{osti_1668624,
title = {Addressing RD(*), RK(*), muon g-2 and ANITA anomalies in a minimal R-parity violating supersymmetric framework},
author = {Altmannshofer, Wolfgang and Dev, P. Bhupal and Soni, Amarjit and Sui, Yicong},
abstractNote = {We analyze the recent hints of lepton flavor universality violation in both charged-current and neutral-current rare decays of B mesons in an R-parity-violating supersymmetric scenario. Motivated by simplicity and minimality, we had earlier postulated the third-generation superpartners to be the lightest (calling the scenario “RPV3”) and explicitly showed that it preserves gauge coupling unification and of course has the usual attribute of naturally addressing the Higgs radiative stability. Here we show that both RD(*) and RK(*) flavor anomalies can be addressed in this RPV3 framework. Interestingly, this scenario may also be able to accommodate two other seemingly disparate anomalies, namely, the longstanding discrepancy in the muon (g-2), as well as the recent anomalous upgoing ultrahigh-energy Antarctic Impulsive Transient Antenna events. Based on symmetry arguments, we consider three different benchmark points for the relevant RPV3 couplings and carve out the regions of parameter space where all (or some) of these anomalies can be simultaneously explained. We find it remarkable that such overlap regions exist, given the plethora of precision low-energy and high-energy experimental constraints on the minimal model parameter space. The third-generation superpartners needed in this theoretical construction are all in the 1–10 TeV range, accessible at the LHC and/or next-generation hadron colliders. We also discuss some testable predictions for the lepton-flavor-violating decays of the tau lepton and B mesons for the current and future B-physics experiments, such as LHCb and Belle II. Complementary tests of the flavor anomalies in the high-pT regime in collider experiments such as the LHC are also discussed.},
doi = {10.1103/physrevd.102.015031},
journal = {Physical Review D},
issn = {2470-0010},
number = 1,
volume = 102,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {7}
}

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Search for the rare decay <mml:math altimg="si1.gif" overflow="scroll" xmlns:xocs="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/xocs/dtd" xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/ja/dtd" xmlns:ja="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/ja/dtd" xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:tb="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/table/dtd" xmlns:sb="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/struct-bib/dtd" xmlns:ce="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/dtd" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xmlns:cals="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/cals/dtd" xmlns:sa="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/struct-aff/dtd"><mml:msup><mml:mrow><mml:mi>D</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mn>0</mml:mn></mml:mrow></mml:msup><mml:mo>→</mml:mo><mml:msup><mml:mrow><mml:mi>μ</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mo>+</mml:mo></mml:mrow></mml:msup><mml:msup><mml:mrow><mml:mi>μ</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mo>−</mml:mo></mml:mrow></mml:msup></mml:math>
journal, August 2013


Lifetime of B c Mesons Constrains Explanations for Anomalies in B D ( * ) τ ν
journal, February 2017


Scalar contributions to b→c(u)τν transitions
journal, August 2017


Constraint on the branching ratio of B c τ ν ¯ from LEP1 data and consequences for R ( D ( * ) ) anomaly
journal, October 2017


Two-loop electroweak corrections for the K π ν ν ¯ decays
journal, February 2011


Master formulae for ΔF=2 NLO-QCD factors in the Standard Model and beyond
journal, July 2001


B ( s ) 0 -mixing matrix elements from lattice QCD for the Standard Model and beyond
journal, June 2016


∆Ms theory precision confronts flavour anomalies
journal, December 2019

  • Di Luzio, Luca; Kirk, Matthew; Lenz, Alexander
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2019, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP12(2019)009

FLAG Review 2019: Flavour Lattice Averaging Group (FLAG)
journal, February 2020


Neutral B -meson mixing from full lattice QCD at the physical point
journal, November 2019


Bs mixing observables and |Vtd/Vts| from sum rules
journal, May 2019

  • King, Daniel; Lenz, Alexander; Rauh, Thomas
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2019, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP05(2019)034

Implications of D 0 D ¯ 0 mixing for new physics
journal, November 2007


Probing low energy scalar leptoquarks by the leptonic W and Z couplings
journal, February 2019

  • Arnan, P.; Bečirević, D.; Mescia, F.
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2019, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP02(2019)109

On the importance of electroweak corrections for B anomalies
journal, September 2017

  • Feruglio, Ferruccio; Paradisi, Paride; Pattori, Andrea
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2017, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP09(2017)061

Precision tau physics
journal, March 2014


Updated Next-to-Next-to-Leading-Order QCD Predictions for the Weak Radiative B -Meson Decays
journal, June 2015


R -parity violation and quark flavor violation
journal, April 1997


Radiative B decays in supersymmetry without R parity
journal, March 2005


R -parity violation and the decay b s γ
journal, February 2001


B s , d 0 μ μ ¯ and B X s γ in the R -parity violating MSSM
journal, December 2013


Explicit R-parity breaking in supersymmetric models
journal, January 1984


Supersymmetry and large transition magnetic moment of the neutrino
journal, April 1990


New Vector-Scalar Contributions to Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay and Constraints on R -Parity Violation
journal, September 1995


Search for Majorana Neutrinos Near the Inverted Mass Hierarchy Region with KamLAND-Zen
journal, August 2016


Improved Limit on Neutrinoless Double- β Decay of Ge 76 from GERDA Phase II
journal, March 2018


Improved bounds on SUSY accompanied neutrinoless double beta decay
journal, July 1999


The Belle II Physics Book
journal, December 2019

  • Kou, E.; Urquijo, P.; Altmannshofer, W.
  • Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Vol. 2019, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1093/ptep/ptz106

Search for lepton-flavor-violating τ decays into a lepton and a vector meson
journal, May 2011


Search for lepton-flavor and lepton-number-violating <mml:math altimg="si1.gif" overflow="scroll" xmlns:xocs="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/xocs/dtd" xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/ja/dtd" xmlns:ja="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/ja/dtd" xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:tb="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/table/dtd" xmlns:sb="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/struct-bib/dtd" xmlns:ce="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/dtd" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xmlns:cals="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/cals/dtd"><mml:mi>τ</mml:mi><mml:mo>→</mml:mo><mml:mi>ℓ</mml:mi><mml:mi>h</mml:mi><mml:msup><mml:mrow><mml:mi>h</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mo>′</mml:mo></mml:mrow></mml:msup></mml:math> decay modes
journal, February 2013


Search for lepton flavor violating <mml:math altimg="si1.gif" overflow="scroll" xmlns:xocs="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/xocs/dtd" xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/ja/dtd" xmlns:ja="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/ja/dtd" xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:tb="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/table/dtd" xmlns:sb="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/struct-bib/dtd" xmlns:ce="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/dtd" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xmlns:cals="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/cals/dtd"><mml:msup><mml:mi>τ</mml:mi><mml:mo>−</mml:mo></mml:msup></mml:math> decays into <mml:math altimg="si2.gif" overflow="scroll" xmlns:xocs="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/xocs/dtd" xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/ja/dtd" xmlns:ja="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/ja/dtd" xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:tb="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/table/dtd" xmlns:sb="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/struct-bib/dtd" xmlns:ce="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/dtd" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xmlns:cals="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/cals/dtd"><mml:msup><mml:mi>ℓ</mml:mi><mml:mo>−</mml:mo></mml:msup><mml:msubsup><mml:mi>K</mml:mi><mml:mi mathvariant="normal">S</mml:mi><mml:mn>0</mml:mn></mml:msubsup></mml:math> and <mml:math altimg="si3.gif" overflow="scroll" xmlns:xocs="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/xocs/dtd" xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/ja/dtd" xmlns:ja="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/ja/dtd" xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:tb="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/table/dtd" xmlns:sb="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/struct-bib/dtd" xmlns:ce="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/dtd" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xmlns:cals="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/cals/dtd"><mml:msup><mml:mi>ℓ</mml:mi><mml:mo>−</mml:mo></mml:msup><mml:msubsup><mml:mi>K</mml:mi><mml:mi mathvariant="normal">S</mml:mi><mml:mn>0</mml:mn></mml:msubsup><mml:msubsup><mml:mi>K</mml:mi><mml:mi mathvariant="normal">S</mml:mi><mml:mn>0</mml:mn></mml:msubsup></mml:math>
journal, August 2010


Searches for Lepton Flavor Violation in the Decays τ ± e ± γ and τ ± μ ± γ
journal, January 2010


Search for lepton-flavor-violating τ decays into three leptons with 719 million produced <mml:math altimg="si1.gif" overflow="scroll" xmlns:xocs="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/xocs/dtd" xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/ja/dtd" xmlns:ja="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/ja/dtd" xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:tb="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/table/dtd" xmlns:sb="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/struct-bib/dtd" xmlns:ce="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/dtd" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xmlns:cals="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/cals/dtd"><mml:msup><mml:mi>τ</mml:mi><mml:mo>+</mml:mo></mml:msup><mml:msup><mml:mi>τ</mml:mi><mml:mo>−</mml:mo></mml:msup></mml:math> pairs
journal, April 2010


Search for the decay modes B ± h ± τ
journal, July 2012


Search for the Lepton-Flavor-Violating Decays B s 0 τ ± μ and B 0 τ ± μ
journal, November 2019


Search for B + K + τ + τ at the BaBar Experiment
journal, January 2017


Search for the Decays B s 0 τ + τ and B 0 τ + τ
journal, June 2017


Measurement of the B X s + Branching Fraction and Search for Direct C P Violation from a Sum of Exclusive Final States
journal, May 2014


Measurement of the B s 0 μ + μ Branching Fraction and Effective Lifetime and Search for B 0 μ + μ Decays
journal, May 2017


Prediction of B→ K / e m p h > γ as a test of the standard model
journal, July 1987


Implications of a heavy top quark and a fourth generation on the decays B→ Kl + l , Kνν¯
journal, April 1987


Implications of a Heavy Top Quark and a Fourth Generation on the Decays B K l + l , Kv v ¯
journal, May 1988


Minimal Unified Resolution to R K ( * ) and R ( D ( * ) ) Anomalies with Lepton Mixing
journal, October 2017


Confronting lepton flavor universality violation in B decays with high- p T tau lepton searches at LHC
journal, January 2017


Mono- τ Signatures at the LHC Constrain Explanations of B -decay Anomalies
journal, April 2019


Searching for New Physics with b b ¯ + contact interactions
journal, August 2020


High- $$p_T$$ p T dilepton tails and flavor physics
journal, August 2017


Establishing a search for b → sℓ+ℓ− anomalies at the LHC
journal, August 2018

  • Afik, Yoav; Cohen, Jonathan; Gozani, Eitan
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2018, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP08(2018)056

Long-lived particle searches in R-parity violating MSSM
journal, August 2017


R -parity violation and light neutralinos at SHiP and the LHC
journal, August 2016


R -parity violation and light neutralinos at CODEX-b, FASER, and MATHUSLA
journal, March 2019


Long-lived particles at the energy frontier: the MATHUSLA physics case
journal, October 2019

  • Curtin, David; Drewes, Marco; McCullough, Matthew
  • Reports on Progress in Physics, Vol. 82, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1088/1361-6633/ab28d6

Revisiting the B-physics anomalies in R-parity violating MSSM
journal, May 2020


Light quark vacuum polarization at the physical point and contribution to the muon g 2
journal, January 2020


Consistency of hadronic vacuum polarization between lattice QCD and the R ratio
journal, April 2020


Testing leptoquark models in B ¯ D ( * ) τ ν ¯
journal, November 2013