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Title: Phase Contrast Imaging Diagnostic on DIII-D (1994-2007); Phase Contrast Imaging Diagnostic on DIII-D and Alcator C-Mod (2007-2010); Experimental Study of Waves, Turbulence and Transport, and Model Validation with Phase Contrast Imaging on DIII-D and Alcator C-Mod (2010-2012); Phase Contrast Imaging Diagnostic Upgrade on DIII-D for Measuring High-k Turbulence and Alfven modes (2021-2016); Phase Contrast Imaging Diagnostic Upgrade on DIII-D for Full Multi-Scale Measurements (2016-2020) (Final Report)

Abstract

This report describes the first twenty-five years of development and use of the Phase Contrast Imaging (PCI) diagnostic for measuring plasma fluctuations on the DIII–D tokamak. One of the key challenges in moving tokamak technology forward to the stage of a nuclear reactor remains understanding how energy and particles are transported across the magnetic field by the action of turbulence and waves, and PCI provides a highly flexible and capable measurement of these fluctuations. The PCI diagnostic uses a laser beam to probe the plasma and optical filtering to produce an amplitude variation on a linear detector array which provides an image of the density waves in the plasma. The PCI covers an exceptional range in frequency and wavelength of the measured fluctuations, allowing observation of plasma-sized magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) modes and ion- and electron-scale turbulence. Modulation of the beam amplitude allows measurement of radio frequency (RF) waves.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Fusion Energy Sciences (FES)
OSTI Identifier:
1668077
Report Number(s):
DE-FG02-94ER54235
DOE Contract Number:  
FG02-94ER54235
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; plasma physics diagnostic development; turbulence; phase contrast imaging

Citation Formats

Porkolab, Miklos, Rost, Jon Christian, and Marinoni, Alessandro M. Phase Contrast Imaging Diagnostic on DIII-D (1994-2007); Phase Contrast Imaging Diagnostic on DIII-D and Alcator C-Mod (2007-2010); Experimental Study of Waves, Turbulence and Transport, and Model Validation with Phase Contrast Imaging on DIII-D and Alcator C-Mod (2010-2012); Phase Contrast Imaging Diagnostic Upgrade on DIII-D for Measuring High-k Turbulence and Alfven modes (2021-2016); Phase Contrast Imaging Diagnostic Upgrade on DIII-D for Full Multi-Scale Measurements (2016-2020) (Final Report). United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.2172/1668077.
Porkolab, Miklos, Rost, Jon Christian, & Marinoni, Alessandro M. Phase Contrast Imaging Diagnostic on DIII-D (1994-2007); Phase Contrast Imaging Diagnostic on DIII-D and Alcator C-Mod (2007-2010); Experimental Study of Waves, Turbulence and Transport, and Model Validation with Phase Contrast Imaging on DIII-D and Alcator C-Mod (2010-2012); Phase Contrast Imaging Diagnostic Upgrade on DIII-D for Measuring High-k Turbulence and Alfven modes (2021-2016); Phase Contrast Imaging Diagnostic Upgrade on DIII-D for Full Multi-Scale Measurements (2016-2020) (Final Report). United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/1668077
Porkolab, Miklos, Rost, Jon Christian, and Marinoni, Alessandro M. 2020. "Phase Contrast Imaging Diagnostic on DIII-D (1994-2007); Phase Contrast Imaging Diagnostic on DIII-D and Alcator C-Mod (2007-2010); Experimental Study of Waves, Turbulence and Transport, and Model Validation with Phase Contrast Imaging on DIII-D and Alcator C-Mod (2010-2012); Phase Contrast Imaging Diagnostic Upgrade on DIII-D for Measuring High-k Turbulence and Alfven modes (2021-2016); Phase Contrast Imaging Diagnostic Upgrade on DIII-D for Full Multi-Scale Measurements (2016-2020) (Final Report)". United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/1668077. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1668077.
@article{osti_1668077,
title = {Phase Contrast Imaging Diagnostic on DIII-D (1994-2007); Phase Contrast Imaging Diagnostic on DIII-D and Alcator C-Mod (2007-2010); Experimental Study of Waves, Turbulence and Transport, and Model Validation with Phase Contrast Imaging on DIII-D and Alcator C-Mod (2010-2012); Phase Contrast Imaging Diagnostic Upgrade on DIII-D for Measuring High-k Turbulence and Alfven modes (2021-2016); Phase Contrast Imaging Diagnostic Upgrade on DIII-D for Full Multi-Scale Measurements (2016-2020) (Final Report)},
author = {Porkolab, Miklos and Rost, Jon Christian and Marinoni, Alessandro M.},
abstractNote = {This report describes the first twenty-five years of development and use of the Phase Contrast Imaging (PCI) diagnostic for measuring plasma fluctuations on the DIII–D tokamak. One of the key challenges in moving tokamak technology forward to the stage of a nuclear reactor remains understanding how energy and particles are transported across the magnetic field by the action of turbulence and waves, and PCI provides a highly flexible and capable measurement of these fluctuations. The PCI diagnostic uses a laser beam to probe the plasma and optical filtering to produce an amplitude variation on a linear detector array which provides an image of the density waves in the plasma. The PCI covers an exceptional range in frequency and wavelength of the measured fluctuations, allowing observation of plasma-sized magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) modes and ion- and electron-scale turbulence. Modulation of the beam amplitude allows measurement of radio frequency (RF) waves.},
doi = {10.2172/1668077},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1668077}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {12}
}