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Title: The DOE E3SM v1.1 Biogeochemistry Configuration: Description and Simulated Ecosystem‐Climate Responses to Historical Changes in Forcing

Abstract

This paper documents the biogeochemistry configuration of the Energy Exascale Earth System Model (E3SM), i.e., model version E3SMv1.1-BGC and related congurations. The model is capable of simulating the coupled carbon cycle-climate system, and introduces several innovations in the treatment of soil nutrient limitation mechanisms, including enabling explicit dependence on phosphorus availability. Here we describe the initial suite of simulations performed for the coupled biogeochemistry simulation campaign, which comprises the E3SM contributions to the Coupled Climate-Carbon Cycle Model Intercomparison Project and several other projects as well as additional simulations to explore structural uncertainty. We describe the model spinup and evaluation procedures, provide an overview of results from the simulation campaign, and highlight key features of the simulations. A major goal of the analyses is to evaluate the effects of nitrogen and phosphorous limitation on climate-biogeochemistry interactions, and how sensitive model predictions are to structural uncertainty in the representation of these interactions. Cumulative warming over the twentieth century in E3SMv1.1-BGC is similar to observations, with a mid-century cold bias offset by stronger than observed warming in recent decades. The model simulates historical terrestrial carbon cycle dynamics, including the loss in carbon associated with land use and land cover change. The inclusion ofmore » nutrient limitations results in weaker carbon fertilization and carbon-climate feedbacks than exhibited by other Earth System Models that exclude those limitations. Ocean biomass production and carbon uptake are underpredicted, likely due to biases in ocean transport that lead to widespread anoxia and undersupply of nutrients to surface waters. Finally, we compare two alternative representations of terrestrial carbon and nutrient cycling. While both configurations agree well with observational benchmarks, they differ significantly in their distribution of carbon among different pools and in the strength of nutrient limitations.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [4];  [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [5]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [6];  [4]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [3] more »; ORCiD logo [2];  [2]; ORCiD logo [2];  [7]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [6]; ORCiD logo [8]; ORCiD logo [9]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [8]; ORCiD logo [1] « less
  1. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland WA USA
  2. Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos NM USA
  3. Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge TN USA
  4. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley CA USA
  5. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland WA USA, Now at Department of Atmospheric Sciences, Colorado State University Fort Collins CO USA
  6. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Livermore CA USA
  7. Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Houston Houston TX USA
  8. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland WA USA, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory College Park MD
  9. Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge TN USA, Department of Civil &, Environmental Engineering University of Tennessee Knoxville TN USA
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER); USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1664633
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1666016; OSTI ID: 1682248
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-144279
Journal ID: ISSN 1942-2466
Grant/Contract Number:  
Energy Exascale Earth System Model (E3SM) project; Reducing Uncertainties in Biogeochemical Interactions through Synthesis and Computation (RUBISCO) Sc; DE‐AC02‐05CH11231; DE‐AC05‐76RLO1830; DE‐AC05‐00OR22725; DE‐AC52‐07NA27344; AC05-00OR22725; AC02-05CH11231; AC05-76RLO1830; AC52-07NA27344; 89233218CNA000001; AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Published Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems Journal Volume: 12 Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 1942-2466
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union (AGU)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
carbon-climate feedbacks; E3SM; nutrient limitation; carbon cycle; phosphorus limitation; coupled carbon-climate cycle model

Citation Formats

Burrows, S. M., Maltrud, M., Yang, X., Zhu, Q., Jeffery, N., Shi, X., Ricciuto, D., Wang, S., Bisht, G., Tang, J., Wolfe, J., Harrop, B. E., Singh, B., Brent, L., Baldwin, S., Zhou, T., Cameron‐Smith, P., Keen, N., Collier, N., Xu, M., Hunke, E. C., Elliott, S. M., Turner, A. K., Li, H., Wang, H., Golaz, J. ‐C., Bond‐Lamberty, B., Hoffman, F. M., Riley, W. J., Thornton, P. E., Calvin, K., and Leung, L. R. The DOE E3SM v1.1 Biogeochemistry Configuration: Description and Simulated Ecosystem‐Climate Responses to Historical Changes in Forcing. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1029/2019MS001766.
Burrows, S. M., Maltrud, M., Yang, X., Zhu, Q., Jeffery, N., Shi, X., Ricciuto, D., Wang, S., Bisht, G., Tang, J., Wolfe, J., Harrop, B. E., Singh, B., Brent, L., Baldwin, S., Zhou, T., Cameron‐Smith, P., Keen, N., Collier, N., Xu, M., Hunke, E. C., Elliott, S. M., Turner, A. K., Li, H., Wang, H., Golaz, J. ‐C., Bond‐Lamberty, B., Hoffman, F. M., Riley, W. J., Thornton, P. E., Calvin, K., & Leung, L. R. The DOE E3SM v1.1 Biogeochemistry Configuration: Description and Simulated Ecosystem‐Climate Responses to Historical Changes in Forcing. United States. doi:10.1029/2019MS001766.
Burrows, S. M., Maltrud, M., Yang, X., Zhu, Q., Jeffery, N., Shi, X., Ricciuto, D., Wang, S., Bisht, G., Tang, J., Wolfe, J., Harrop, B. E., Singh, B., Brent, L., Baldwin, S., Zhou, T., Cameron‐Smith, P., Keen, N., Collier, N., Xu, M., Hunke, E. C., Elliott, S. M., Turner, A. K., Li, H., Wang, H., Golaz, J. ‐C., Bond‐Lamberty, B., Hoffman, F. M., Riley, W. J., Thornton, P. E., Calvin, K., and Leung, L. R. Mon . "The DOE E3SM v1.1 Biogeochemistry Configuration: Description and Simulated Ecosystem‐Climate Responses to Historical Changes in Forcing". United States. doi:10.1029/2019MS001766.
@article{osti_1664633,
title = {The DOE E3SM v1.1 Biogeochemistry Configuration: Description and Simulated Ecosystem‐Climate Responses to Historical Changes in Forcing},
author = {Burrows, S. M. and Maltrud, M. and Yang, X. and Zhu, Q. and Jeffery, N. and Shi, X. and Ricciuto, D. and Wang, S. and Bisht, G. and Tang, J. and Wolfe, J. and Harrop, B. E. and Singh, B. and Brent, L. and Baldwin, S. and Zhou, T. and Cameron‐Smith, P. and Keen, N. and Collier, N. and Xu, M. and Hunke, E. C. and Elliott, S. M. and Turner, A. K. and Li, H. and Wang, H. and Golaz, J. ‐C. and Bond‐Lamberty, B. and Hoffman, F. M. and Riley, W. J. and Thornton, P. E. and Calvin, K. and Leung, L. R.},
abstractNote = {This paper documents the biogeochemistry configuration of the Energy Exascale Earth System Model (E3SM), i.e., model version E3SMv1.1-BGC and related congurations. The model is capable of simulating the coupled carbon cycle-climate system, and introduces several innovations in the treatment of soil nutrient limitation mechanisms, including enabling explicit dependence on phosphorus availability. Here we describe the initial suite of simulations performed for the coupled biogeochemistry simulation campaign, which comprises the E3SM contributions to the Coupled Climate-Carbon Cycle Model Intercomparison Project and several other projects as well as additional simulations to explore structural uncertainty. We describe the model spinup and evaluation procedures, provide an overview of results from the simulation campaign, and highlight key features of the simulations. A major goal of the analyses is to evaluate the effects of nitrogen and phosphorous limitation on climate-biogeochemistry interactions, and how sensitive model predictions are to structural uncertainty in the representation of these interactions. Cumulative warming over the twentieth century in E3SMv1.1-BGC is similar to observations, with a mid-century cold bias offset by stronger than observed warming in recent decades. The model simulates historical terrestrial carbon cycle dynamics, including the loss in carbon associated with land use and land cover change. The inclusion of nutrient limitations results in weaker carbon fertilization and carbon-climate feedbacks than exhibited by other Earth System Models that exclude those limitations. Ocean biomass production and carbon uptake are underpredicted, likely due to biases in ocean transport that lead to widespread anoxia and undersupply of nutrients to surface waters. Finally, we compare two alternative representations of terrestrial carbon and nutrient cycling. While both configurations agree well with observational benchmarks, they differ significantly in their distribution of carbon among different pools and in the strength of nutrient limitations.},
doi = {10.1029/2019MS001766},
journal = {Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems},
issn = {1942-2466},
number = 9,
volume = 12,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {9}
}

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