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Title: Reversible Crosslinked Polymer Binder for Recyclable Lithium Sulfur Batteries with High Performance

Abstract

Owing to the negative impact of the extensive utilization of batteries on the environment, sustainability of the cells needs to be included in the systemic research of batteries. In this work, a dissolvable ionic crosslinked polymer (DICP) is exploited as a binder for lithium–sulfur batteries by crosslinking the polyacrylic acid and polyethyleneimine through carboxy-amino ionic interaction. This interaction is pH-controlled, and therefore, the crosslinked binder network can be readily dissociated under basic conditions, providing a facile strategy enabling valuable components recycled through a convenient washing method. The sulfur cathode prepared using the recycled carbon–sulfur composite can deliver comparable capacity as that of fresh electrode. In addition, evidence from cell performance and characterizations, such as in situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy, in situ UV–visible spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and density functional theory calculation, confirms that DICP is a more effective binder than its commercial counterpart on suppressing polysulfide dissolution in the electrolyte. Exploiting reversible crosslinked polymer binder for recyclable Li–S batteries with ameliorated electrochemical performance, this study illuminates sustainable development for large-scale energy storage systems.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [2];  [2];  [4];  [2];  [5];  [6];  [6];  [2]
  1. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Sichuan Univ., Chengdu (China)
  2. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  3. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Texas A & M Univ., College Station, TX (United States)
  4. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Advanced Light Source (ALS)
  5. Texas A & M Univ., College Station, TX (United States)
  6. Sichuan Univ., Chengdu (China)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Advanced Light Source (ALS)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Transportation Office. Vehicle Technologies Office; USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES); China Scholarship Council (CSC)
OSTI Identifier:
1661610
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231; 201806240108
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Advanced Functional Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 30; Journal Issue: 36; Journal ID: ISSN 1616-301X
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
binder; high sulfur loading; recyclable Li–S batteries

Citation Formats

Liu, Zhimeng, He, Xin, Fang, Chen, Camacho‐Forero, Luis E., Zhao, Yangzhi, Fu, Yanbao, Feng, Jun, Kostecki, Robert, Balbuena, Perla B., Zhang, Junhua, Lei, Jingxin, and Liu, Gao. Reversible Crosslinked Polymer Binder for Recyclable Lithium Sulfur Batteries with High Performance. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1002/adfm.202003605.
Liu, Zhimeng, He, Xin, Fang, Chen, Camacho‐Forero, Luis E., Zhao, Yangzhi, Fu, Yanbao, Feng, Jun, Kostecki, Robert, Balbuena, Perla B., Zhang, Junhua, Lei, Jingxin, & Liu, Gao. Reversible Crosslinked Polymer Binder for Recyclable Lithium Sulfur Batteries with High Performance. United States. doi:10.1002/adfm.202003605.
Liu, Zhimeng, He, Xin, Fang, Chen, Camacho‐Forero, Luis E., Zhao, Yangzhi, Fu, Yanbao, Feng, Jun, Kostecki, Robert, Balbuena, Perla B., Zhang, Junhua, Lei, Jingxin, and Liu, Gao. Thu . "Reversible Crosslinked Polymer Binder for Recyclable Lithium Sulfur Batteries with High Performance". United States. doi:10.1002/adfm.202003605.
@article{osti_1661610,
title = {Reversible Crosslinked Polymer Binder for Recyclable Lithium Sulfur Batteries with High Performance},
author = {Liu, Zhimeng and He, Xin and Fang, Chen and Camacho‐Forero, Luis E. and Zhao, Yangzhi and Fu, Yanbao and Feng, Jun and Kostecki, Robert and Balbuena, Perla B. and Zhang, Junhua and Lei, Jingxin and Liu, Gao},
abstractNote = {Owing to the negative impact of the extensive utilization of batteries on the environment, sustainability of the cells needs to be included in the systemic research of batteries. In this work, a dissolvable ionic crosslinked polymer (DICP) is exploited as a binder for lithium–sulfur batteries by crosslinking the polyacrylic acid and polyethyleneimine through carboxy-amino ionic interaction. This interaction is pH-controlled, and therefore, the crosslinked binder network can be readily dissociated under basic conditions, providing a facile strategy enabling valuable components recycled through a convenient washing method. The sulfur cathode prepared using the recycled carbon–sulfur composite can deliver comparable capacity as that of fresh electrode. In addition, evidence from cell performance and characterizations, such as in situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy, in situ UV–visible spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and density functional theory calculation, confirms that DICP is a more effective binder than its commercial counterpart on suppressing polysulfide dissolution in the electrolyte. Exploiting reversible crosslinked polymer binder for recyclable Li–S batteries with ameliorated electrochemical performance, this study illuminates sustainable development for large-scale energy storage systems.},
doi = {10.1002/adfm.202003605},
journal = {Advanced Functional Materials},
issn = {1616-301X},
number = 36,
volume = 30,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {7}
}

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