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Title: Multicarrier Energy Systems: Shaping Our Energy Future

Journal Article · · Proceedings of the IEEE
 [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [3];  [4];  [5]; ORCiD logo [6]; ORCiD logo [7]; ORCiD logo [8]; ORCiD logo [7]; ORCiD logo [9];  [10]
  1. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Univ. College Dublin (Ireland)
  2. Univ. College Dublin (Ireland)
  3. Vector, Ltd., Auckland (New Zealand)
  4. Paul Scherrer Inst. (PSI), Villigen (Switzerland)
  5. Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)
  6. Univ. of Victoria, BC (Canada)
  7. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  8. Energinet, Fredericia (Denmark)
  9. Paul Scherrer Inst. (PSI), Villigen (Switzerland); Eidgenoessische Technische Hochschule, Zurich (Switzerland)
  10. Electric Power Research Inst. (EPRI), Palo Alto, CA (United States)

Multicarrier energy systems (MCESs) are characterized by strong coordination in operation and planning across multiple energy vectors and/or sectors to deliver reliable, cost-effective energy services to end users/customers with minimal impact on the environment. They have efficiency and flexibility benefits and are deployed in large and small scales on the supply and demand sides and at the network level but are more complex to control and manage. Here, MCESs are reviewed in the context of future low carbon energy systems based on electrification and very high variable renewable energy penetrations. Fully exploiting these systems requires some cost reductions, more sophisticated operations enabled by standardized communications and control capabilities detailed planning paradigms, and addressing their corresponding economic challenges. All these point toward the direction of analysis, markets, and technology research and development coupled with better policy and regulatory frameworks. One futuristic vision of a very low carbon energy system is proposed that illustrates potential pathways to an MCES-dominated energy future.

Research Organization:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Organization:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
Grant/Contract Number:
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5C00-76752; MainId:9413; UUID:cbf6e955-7d8e-4fd5-b3a5-9ae102f05967; MainAdminID:13801
Journal Information:
Proceedings of the IEEE, Vol. 108, Issue 9; ISSN 0018-9219
Institute of Electrical and Electronics EngineersCopyright Statement
Country of Publication:
United States
Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 29 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science