skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Unconventional Photocurrents from Surface Fermi Arcs in Topological Chiral Semimetals

Abstract

The nonlinear optical responses from topological semimetals are crucial in both understanding the fundamental properties of quantum materials and designing next-generation light sensors or solar cells. However, previous work focused on the optical effects from bulk states only, disregarding the responses from topological surface states. Here, we propose a new surface-only photocurrent response from chiral Fermi arcs. Using the ideal topological chiral semimetal RhSi as a representative, we quantitatively compute the photogalvanic currents from Fermi arcs on different surfaces. By rigorous crystal symmetry analysis, we demonstrate that Fermi arc photogalvanic currents can be perpendicular to the bulk injection currents regardless of the choice of materials surface. We then generalize this finding to other cubic chiral space groups and predict material candidates. Our theory reveals a powerful notion where common crystalline symmetry can be used to completely disentangle bulk and surface optical responses in many conducting material families.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [3]; ORCiD logo [3];  [1];  [4];  [5];  [6]
  1. Princeton Univ., NJ (United States). Dept. of Physics
  2. Univ. of Zurich (Switzerland). Dept. of Physics
  3. National Sun Yat-Sen Univ., Kaohsiung (Taiwan). Dept. of Physics
  4. Princeton Univ., NJ (United States). Dept. of Physics; Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry and Chemical Biology
  5. Academia Sinica, Taipei (Taiwan). Inst. of Physics
  6. Princeton Univ., NJ (United States). Dept. of Physics; Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Materials Sciences Division
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES); Ministry of Science and Technology in Taiwan (MOST); European Research Council (ERC); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1638203
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231; MOST108-2112-M110-013-MY3; FG-02-05ER46200; MOST109-2112-M-001-014-MY3; ERC-StG-Neupert-757867-PARATOP; DGE-1656466
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 124; Journal Issue: 16; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
Fermi surface; topological phases of matter; semimetals; angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy

Citation Formats

Chang, Guoqing, Yin, Jia-Xin, Neupert, Titus, Sanchez, Daniel S., Belopolski, Ilya, Zhang, Songtian S., Cochran, Tyler A., Chéng, Zǐjiā, Hsu, Ming-Chien, Huang, Shin-Ming, Lian, Biao, Xu, Su-Yang, Lin, Hsin, and Hasan, M. Zahid. Unconventional Photocurrents from Surface Fermi Arcs in Topological Chiral Semimetals. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1103/physrevlett.124.166404.
Chang, Guoqing, Yin, Jia-Xin, Neupert, Titus, Sanchez, Daniel S., Belopolski, Ilya, Zhang, Songtian S., Cochran, Tyler A., Chéng, Zǐjiā, Hsu, Ming-Chien, Huang, Shin-Ming, Lian, Biao, Xu, Su-Yang, Lin, Hsin, & Hasan, M. Zahid. Unconventional Photocurrents from Surface Fermi Arcs in Topological Chiral Semimetals. United States. doi:10.1103/physrevlett.124.166404.
Chang, Guoqing, Yin, Jia-Xin, Neupert, Titus, Sanchez, Daniel S., Belopolski, Ilya, Zhang, Songtian S., Cochran, Tyler A., Chéng, Zǐjiā, Hsu, Ming-Chien, Huang, Shin-Ming, Lian, Biao, Xu, Su-Yang, Lin, Hsin, and Hasan, M. Zahid. Fri . "Unconventional Photocurrents from Surface Fermi Arcs in Topological Chiral Semimetals". United States. doi:10.1103/physrevlett.124.166404.
@article{osti_1638203,
title = {Unconventional Photocurrents from Surface Fermi Arcs in Topological Chiral Semimetals},
author = {Chang, Guoqing and Yin, Jia-Xin and Neupert, Titus and Sanchez, Daniel S. and Belopolski, Ilya and Zhang, Songtian S. and Cochran, Tyler A. and Chéng, Zǐjiā and Hsu, Ming-Chien and Huang, Shin-Ming and Lian, Biao and Xu, Su-Yang and Lin, Hsin and Hasan, M. Zahid},
abstractNote = {The nonlinear optical responses from topological semimetals are crucial in both understanding the fundamental properties of quantum materials and designing next-generation light sensors or solar cells. However, previous work focused on the optical effects from bulk states only, disregarding the responses from topological surface states. Here, we propose a new surface-only photocurrent response from chiral Fermi arcs. Using the ideal topological chiral semimetal RhSi as a representative, we quantitatively compute the photogalvanic currents from Fermi arcs on different surfaces. By rigorous crystal symmetry analysis, we demonstrate that Fermi arc photogalvanic currents can be perpendicular to the bulk injection currents regardless of the choice of materials surface. We then generalize this finding to other cubic chiral space groups and predict material candidates. Our theory reveals a powerful notion where common crystalline symmetry can be used to completely disentangle bulk and surface optical responses in many conducting material families.},
doi = {10.1103/physrevlett.124.166404},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
issn = {0031-9007},
number = 16,
volume = 124,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {4}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
This content will become publicly available on April 24, 2021
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 3 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Circular photon drag effect in bulk tellurium
journal, January 2016


Topological semimetals
journal, October 2016


Generalized Gradient Approximation Made Simple
journal, October 1996

  • Perdew, John P.; Burke, Kieron; Ernzerhof, Matthias
  • Physical Review Letters, Vol. 77, Issue 18, p. 3865-3868
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.77.3865

Filling constraints for spin-orbit coupled insulators in symmorphic and nonsymmorphic crystals
journal, November 2015

  • Watanabe, Haruki; Po, Hoi Chun; Vishwanath, Ashvin
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 112, Issue 47
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1514665112

Topological insulators and superconductors
journal, October 2011


Nonlinear photoresponse of type-II Weyl semimetals
journal, March 2019


Hourglass fermions
journal, April 2016

  • Wang, Zhijun; Alexandradinata, A.; Cava, R. J.
  • Nature, Vol. 532, Issue 7598
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature17410

Higher-order topological insulators
journal, June 2018

  • Schindler, Frank; Cook, Ashley M.; Vergniory, Maia G.
  • Science Advances, Vol. 4, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aat0346

Colloquium : Topological band theory
journal, June 2016


Topological chiral crystals with helicoid-arc quantum states
journal, March 2019


Observation of unconventional chiral fermions with long Fermi arcs in CoSi
journal, March 2019


From ultrasoft pseudopotentials to the projector augmented-wave method
journal, January 1999


Topological Crystalline Insulators
journal, March 2011


Dirac Semimetal in Three Dimensions
journal, April 2012


Experimental Discovery of Weyl Semimetal TaAs
journal, July 2015


Topological Hopf and Chain Link Semimetal States and Their Application to Co 2 Mn G a
journal, October 2017


Emergent Electromagnetic Induction and Adiabatic Charge Pumping in Noncentrosymmetric Weyl Semimetals
journal, November 2016


Topological nature of nonlinear optical effects in solids
journal, May 2016


Valley-selective circular dichroism of monolayer molybdenum disulphide
journal, January 2012

  • Cao, Ting; Wang, Gang; Han, Wenpeng
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 3, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms1882

Unconventional Chiral Fermions and Large Topological Fermi Arcs in RhSi
journal, November 2017


Weyl semimetal phase in the non-centrosymmetric compound TaAs
journal, August 2015

  • Yang, L. X.; Liu, Z. K.; Sun, Y.
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 11, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys3425

Multiple Types of Topological Fermions in Transition Metal Silicides
journal, November 2017


Topological semimetals with helicoid surface states
journal, June 2016

  • Fang, Chen; Lu, Ling; Liu, Junwei
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 12, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys3782

Topological insulators, topological superconductors and Weyl fermion semimetals: discoveries, perspectives and outlooks
journal, September 2015


Photocurrents in Weyl semimetals
journal, January 2017


Weyl and Dirac semimetals in three-dimensional solids
journal, January 2018


Topological quantum properties of chiral crystals
journal, October 2018


Nodal-chain metals
journal, August 2016

  • Bzdušek, Tomáš; Wu, QuanSheng; Rüegg, Andreas
  • Nature, Vol. 538, Issue 7623
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature19099

Colossal mid-infrared bulk photovoltaic effect in a type-I Weyl semimetal
journal, March 2019


Optical activity as a test for dynamic chiral magnetic effect of Weyl semimetals
journal, October 2015


Colloquium: Topological insulators
journal, November 2010


Control over topological insulator photocurrents with light polarization
journal, December 2011

  • McIver, J. W.; Hsieh, D.; Steinberg, H.
  • Nature Nanotechnology, Vol. 7, Issue 2, p. 96-100
  • DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2011.214

Second-order optical response in semiconductors
journal, February 2000


Efficient iterative schemes for ab initio total-energy calculations using a plane-wave basis set
journal, October 1996


Direct optical detection of Weyl fermion chirality in a topological semimetal
journal, May 2017

  • Ma, Qiong; Xu, Su-Yang; Chan, Ching-Kit
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 13, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys4146

Double Dirac Semimetals in Three Dimensions
journal, May 2016


Discovery of a Weyl fermion semimetal and topological Fermi arcs
journal, July 2015


Quantum oscillations from surface Fermi arcs in Weyl and Dirac semimetals
journal, October 2014

  • Potter, Andrew C.; Kimchi, Itamar; Vishwanath, Ashvin
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms6161

Chiral topological semimetal with multifold band crossings and long Fermi arcs
journal, May 2019


Quantized circular photogalvanic effect in Weyl semimetals
journal, July 2017

  • de Juan, Fernando; Grushin, Adolfo G.; Morimoto, Takahiro
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 8, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms15995

Spiraling Fermi arcs in Weyl materials
journal, November 2015


Beyond Dirac and Weyl fermions: Unconventional quasiparticles in conventional crystals
journal, July 2016


Photovoltaic chiral magnetic effect in Weyl semimetals
journal, May 2016


Shift current bulk photovoltaic effect in polar materials—hybrid and oxide perovskites and beyond
journal, August 2016


Semiclassical theory of nonlinear magneto-optical responses with applications to topological Dirac/Weyl semimetals
journal, December 2016


Chiral optical response of multifold fermions
journal, October 2018


Observation of Chiral Fermions with a Large Topological Charge and Associated Fermi-Arc Surface States in CoSi
journal, February 2019


Scattering theory of the chiral magnetic effect in a Weyl semimetal: interplay of bulk Weyl cones and surface Fermi arcs
journal, April 2016


Photocurrent and photoconductance properties of a GaAs nanowire
journal, August 2009

  • Thunich, S.; Prechtel, L.; Spirkoska, D.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 95, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3193540