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Title: General Analysis of Data Collected from DOE Lidar Buoy Deployments Off Virginia and New Jersey

Abstract

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) operates two AXYS WindSentinel lidar buoys for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Wind Energy Technologies. The purpose of these buoys is to collect hub-height winds and supporting meteorological and oceanographic information to facilitate the development of offshore wind energy in the U.S. In general, each buoy is deployed for a year or more at a given location in order to capture at least a full annual cycle of weather conditions. The initial deployment for one buoy was off the coast of Virginia beginning in 2015, and the other buoy was first deployed off the coast of New Jersey beginning in 2016. Over the last two years, PNNL has had an opportunity to analyze the data collected during these first two deployments. This report describes a substantial analysis of data collected by the two lidar buoys operated off the coasts of Virginia and New Jersey. The centerpiece instrument for each buoy as deployed off Virginia and New Jersey is a lidar system, which is designed to measure the horizontal wind vector from approximately 40 m to 200 m above the sea surface with vertical resolution of 40 m. Since the initial deployments, the original lidars havemore » been replaced with more powerful Leosphere 866 v2 systems. The analyses in this report will apply to the original Vindicator systems. In addition to the wind profiles from the lidars, the buoys collect near-surface measurements of wind speed and direction, air temperature, relative humidity, barometric pressure, and solar irradiance. Oceanographic variables measured include the two-dimensional wave spectrum, water temperature and conductivity, and ocean current vectors to a depth of 90 m. An assessment of overall data recovery and a basic analysis of the data collected was provided in a previous report This report substantially extends that analysis. The various sections describe the development and application of an inertial measurement unit (IMU) data recovery scheme for the New Jersey deployment; a climatological analysis of winds at hub height and at the surface together with thermodynamic variables measured at the surface for the full deployment periods; an analysis of oceanographic observations describe sea state; the development of a refinement for NOAA’s WaveWatch III model to allow its application to near-shore areas; a basic climatology of ocean currents observed from the buoys; an analysis of observed winds in the framework of Monin-Obukhov Similarity Theory; and the development and evaluation of techniques to extract turbulence intensity and turbulence kinetic energy from the lidars. The analyses contained in this report provide a great deal of new information about offshore conditions on the U.S. East Coast. In addition, the experience gained will inform both configurations and analysis of data from future deployments of these lidar buoy systems.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Battelle Pacific Northwest Labs., Richland, WA (United States)
  2. U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Washington D.C. (United States). Bureau of Ocean Energy Management
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1632348
Report Number(s):
PNNL-29823
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
lidar buoys; turbulence; offshore wind energy; wind energy; offshore; boundary layer; marine atmospheric boundary layer; wind resource characterization; wind profile; wave spectrum; wind rose; ocean current; Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP); bulk fluxes; air-sea interaction

Citation Formats

Shaw, William J., Draher, Jennifer, Garcia Medina, Gabriel, Gorton, Alicia M., Krishnamurthy, Raghavendra, Newsom, Rob K., Pekour, Mikhail S., Sheridan, Lindsay M., and Yang, Zhaoqing. General Analysis of Data Collected from DOE Lidar Buoy Deployments Off Virginia and New Jersey. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.2172/1632348.
Shaw, William J., Draher, Jennifer, Garcia Medina, Gabriel, Gorton, Alicia M., Krishnamurthy, Raghavendra, Newsom, Rob K., Pekour, Mikhail S., Sheridan, Lindsay M., & Yang, Zhaoqing. General Analysis of Data Collected from DOE Lidar Buoy Deployments Off Virginia and New Jersey. United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/1632348
Shaw, William J., Draher, Jennifer, Garcia Medina, Gabriel, Gorton, Alicia M., Krishnamurthy, Raghavendra, Newsom, Rob K., Pekour, Mikhail S., Sheridan, Lindsay M., and Yang, Zhaoqing. Tue . "General Analysis of Data Collected from DOE Lidar Buoy Deployments Off Virginia and New Jersey". United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/1632348. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1632348.
@article{osti_1632348,
title = {General Analysis of Data Collected from DOE Lidar Buoy Deployments Off Virginia and New Jersey},
author = {Shaw, William J. and Draher, Jennifer and Garcia Medina, Gabriel and Gorton, Alicia M. and Krishnamurthy, Raghavendra and Newsom, Rob K. and Pekour, Mikhail S. and Sheridan, Lindsay M. and Yang, Zhaoqing},
abstractNote = {Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) operates two AXYS WindSentinel lidar buoys for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Wind Energy Technologies. The purpose of these buoys is to collect hub-height winds and supporting meteorological and oceanographic information to facilitate the development of offshore wind energy in the U.S. In general, each buoy is deployed for a year or more at a given location in order to capture at least a full annual cycle of weather conditions. The initial deployment for one buoy was off the coast of Virginia beginning in 2015, and the other buoy was first deployed off the coast of New Jersey beginning in 2016. Over the last two years, PNNL has had an opportunity to analyze the data collected during these first two deployments. This report describes a substantial analysis of data collected by the two lidar buoys operated off the coasts of Virginia and New Jersey. The centerpiece instrument for each buoy as deployed off Virginia and New Jersey is a lidar system, which is designed to measure the horizontal wind vector from approximately 40 m to 200 m above the sea surface with vertical resolution of 40 m. Since the initial deployments, the original lidars have been replaced with more powerful Leosphere 866 v2 systems. The analyses in this report will apply to the original Vindicator systems. In addition to the wind profiles from the lidars, the buoys collect near-surface measurements of wind speed and direction, air temperature, relative humidity, barometric pressure, and solar irradiance. Oceanographic variables measured include the two-dimensional wave spectrum, water temperature and conductivity, and ocean current vectors to a depth of 90 m. An assessment of overall data recovery and a basic analysis of the data collected was provided in a previous report This report substantially extends that analysis. The various sections describe the development and application of an inertial measurement unit (IMU) data recovery scheme for the New Jersey deployment; a climatological analysis of winds at hub height and at the surface together with thermodynamic variables measured at the surface for the full deployment periods; an analysis of oceanographic observations describe sea state; the development of a refinement for NOAA’s WaveWatch III model to allow its application to near-shore areas; a basic climatology of ocean currents observed from the buoys; an analysis of observed winds in the framework of Monin-Obukhov Similarity Theory; and the development and evaluation of techniques to extract turbulence intensity and turbulence kinetic energy from the lidars. The analyses contained in this report provide a great deal of new information about offshore conditions on the U.S. East Coast. In addition, the experience gained will inform both configurations and analysis of data from future deployments of these lidar buoy systems.},
doi = {10.2172/1632348},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1632348}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {4}
}