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Title: A comprehensive state-of-technology review for upgrading bio-oil to renewable or blended hydrocarbon fuels

Abstract

Bioenergy sources are being advanced as a meaningful environmental solution and a substitute for conventional energy sources. Bioenergy from biomass feedstocks currently comprises the largest portion of renewables in the United States. Thus, more effective process-level solutions can result in scaling-up biomass-derived energy production (e.g., biofuels). Pyrolysis, a thermochemical conversion technology, offers a commercially viable pathway to produce bio-oil from a wide range of biomass feedstocks (e.g., algae and terrestrial). Bio-oil requires further upgrading for producing final bio-products (e.g., transportation fuels and biochemicals). This article focuses on upgrading bio-oil to transportation fuels (liquid hydrocarbons), highlights the critical challenges of existing upgrading technologies, and identifies the potential research directions to meet the market needs. A comprehensive overview and classification of bio-oil upgrading pathways and their competencies are presented through both comparative and systematic literature reviews. It is concluded that the biofuel production cost is highly dependent on post-conversion pathways, particularly their hydrogenation and deoxygenation capacity. Thermochemical treatments are effective, but less cost-competitive due to the intensive process requirements (e.g., heat or pressure). Physicochemical treatments are less effective, however, they operate under mild process conditions and could be integrated with other treatments. Biochemical treatments are inadequate as a standalone process for upgradingmore » bio-oil. It is further concluded that the electrochemical approach can be effective due to the retention of hydrogen from bio-oil water content during deoxygenation.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. Univ. of Idaho, Moscow, ID (United States)
  2. Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1631415
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1694108
Report Number(s):
INL/JOU-19-54473-Rev000
Journal ID: ISSN 1364-0321
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC07-05ID14517
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 118; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 1364-0321
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; Biomass; Bio-oil; Hydrogenation; Blended Fuels.

Citation Formats

Hansen, Samuel, Mirkouei, Amin, and Diaz Aldana, Luis A. A comprehensive state-of-technology review for upgrading bio-oil to renewable or blended hydrocarbon fuels. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2019.109548.
Hansen, Samuel, Mirkouei, Amin, & Diaz Aldana, Luis A. A comprehensive state-of-technology review for upgrading bio-oil to renewable or blended hydrocarbon fuels. United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2019.109548
Hansen, Samuel, Mirkouei, Amin, and Diaz Aldana, Luis A. 2019. "A comprehensive state-of-technology review for upgrading bio-oil to renewable or blended hydrocarbon fuels". United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2019.109548. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1631415.
@article{osti_1631415,
title = {A comprehensive state-of-technology review for upgrading bio-oil to renewable or blended hydrocarbon fuels},
author = {Hansen, Samuel and Mirkouei, Amin and Diaz Aldana, Luis A.},
abstractNote = {Bioenergy sources are being advanced as a meaningful environmental solution and a substitute for conventional energy sources. Bioenergy from biomass feedstocks currently comprises the largest portion of renewables in the United States. Thus, more effective process-level solutions can result in scaling-up biomass-derived energy production (e.g., biofuels). Pyrolysis, a thermochemical conversion technology, offers a commercially viable pathway to produce bio-oil from a wide range of biomass feedstocks (e.g., algae and terrestrial). Bio-oil requires further upgrading for producing final bio-products (e.g., transportation fuels and biochemicals). This article focuses on upgrading bio-oil to transportation fuels (liquid hydrocarbons), highlights the critical challenges of existing upgrading technologies, and identifies the potential research directions to meet the market needs. A comprehensive overview and classification of bio-oil upgrading pathways and their competencies are presented through both comparative and systematic literature reviews. It is concluded that the biofuel production cost is highly dependent on post-conversion pathways, particularly their hydrogenation and deoxygenation capacity. Thermochemical treatments are effective, but less cost-competitive due to the intensive process requirements (e.g., heat or pressure). Physicochemical treatments are less effective, however, they operate under mild process conditions and could be integrated with other treatments. Biochemical treatments are inadequate as a standalone process for upgrading bio-oil. It is further concluded that the electrochemical approach can be effective due to the retention of hydrogen from bio-oil water content during deoxygenation.},
doi = {10.1016/j.rser.2019.109548},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1631415}, journal = {Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews},
issn = {1364-0321},
number = C,
volume = 118,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {11}
}

Journal Article:

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Cited by: 12 works
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