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Title: Constraints on bosonic dark matter from ultralow-field nuclear magnetic resonance

Abstract

The nature of dark matter, the invisible substance making up over 80% of the matter in the universe, is one of the most fundamental mysteries of modern physics. Ultralight bosons such as axions, axion-like particles, or dark photons could make up most of the dark matter. Couplings between such bosons and nuclear spins may enable their direct detection via nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy: As nuclear spins move through the galactic dark-matter halo, they couple to dark matter and behave as if they were in an oscillating magnetic field, generating a dark-matter–driven NMR signal. As part of the cosmic axion spin precession experiment (CASPEr), an NMR-based dark-matter search, we use ultralow-field NMR to probe the axion-fermion “wind” coupling and dark-photon couplings to nuclear spins. No dark matter signal was detected above background, establishing new experimental bounds for dark matter bosons with masses ranging from 1.8 × 10 -16to 7.8 × 10 -14eV.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [5];  [6]; ORCiD logo [7];  [3];  [3]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [8]
  1. Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, Mainz (Germany); Helmholtz-Institut Mainz, Mainz (Germany)
  2. Helmholtz-Institut Mainz, Mainz (Germany)
  3. Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, Mainz (Germany); Helmholtz-Institut Mainz, Mainz (Germany)
  4. Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Dept. of Physics, Stanford Institute for Theoretical Physics
  5. California State Univ., East Bay, Hayward, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics
  6. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics
  7. Boston Univ., MA (United States). Dept. of Physics
  8. Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, Mainz (Germany); Helmholtz-Institut Mainz, Mainz (Germany); Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Stanford Univ., CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1626026
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012012
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Science Advances
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 2375-2548
Publisher:
AAAS
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
Science & Technology - Other Topics

Citation Formats

Garcon, Antoine, Blanchard, John W., Centers, Gary P., Figueroa, Nataniel L., Graham, Peter W., Jackson Kimball, Derek F., Rajendran, Surjeet, Sushkov, Alexander O., Stadnik, Yevgeny V., Wickenbrock, Arne, Wu, Teng, and Budker, Dmitry. Constraints on bosonic dark matter from ultralow-field nuclear magnetic resonance. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1126/sciadv.aax4539.
Garcon, Antoine, Blanchard, John W., Centers, Gary P., Figueroa, Nataniel L., Graham, Peter W., Jackson Kimball, Derek F., Rajendran, Surjeet, Sushkov, Alexander O., Stadnik, Yevgeny V., Wickenbrock, Arne, Wu, Teng, & Budker, Dmitry. Constraints on bosonic dark matter from ultralow-field nuclear magnetic resonance. United States. https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aax4539
Garcon, Antoine, Blanchard, John W., Centers, Gary P., Figueroa, Nataniel L., Graham, Peter W., Jackson Kimball, Derek F., Rajendran, Surjeet, Sushkov, Alexander O., Stadnik, Yevgeny V., Wickenbrock, Arne, Wu, Teng, and Budker, Dmitry. Fri . "Constraints on bosonic dark matter from ultralow-field nuclear magnetic resonance". United States. https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aax4539. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1626026.
@article{osti_1626026,
title = {Constraints on bosonic dark matter from ultralow-field nuclear magnetic resonance},
author = {Garcon, Antoine and Blanchard, John W. and Centers, Gary P. and Figueroa, Nataniel L. and Graham, Peter W. and Jackson Kimball, Derek F. and Rajendran, Surjeet and Sushkov, Alexander O. and Stadnik, Yevgeny V. and Wickenbrock, Arne and Wu, Teng and Budker, Dmitry},
abstractNote = {The nature of dark matter, the invisible substance making up over 80% of the matter in the universe, is one of the most fundamental mysteries of modern physics. Ultralight bosons such as axions, axion-like particles, or dark photons could make up most of the dark matter. Couplings between such bosons and nuclear spins may enable their direct detection via nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy: As nuclear spins move through the galactic dark-matter halo, they couple to dark matter and behave as if they were in an oscillating magnetic field, generating a dark-matter–driven NMR signal. As part of the cosmic axion spin precession experiment (CASPEr), an NMR-based dark-matter search, we use ultralow-field NMR to probe the axion-fermion “wind” coupling and dark-photon couplings to nuclear spins. No dark matter signal was detected above background, establishing new experimental bounds for dark matter bosons with masses ranging from 1.8 × 10-16to 7.8 × 10-14eV.},
doi = {10.1126/sciadv.aax4539},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1626026}, journal = {Science Advances},
issn = {2375-2548},
number = 10,
volume = 5,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {10}
}

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Velocity substructure from Gaia and direct searches for dark matter
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