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Title: A Weyl Fermion semimetal with surface Fermi arcs in the transition metal monopnictide TaAs class

Abstract

Weyl fermions are massless chiral fermions that play an important role in quantum field theory but have never been observed as fundamental particles. A Weyl semimetal is an unusual crystal that hosts Weyl fermions as quasiparticle excitations and features Fermi arcs on its surface. Such a semimetal not only provides a condensed matter realization of the anomalies in quantum field theories but also demonstrates the topological classification beyond the gapped topological insulators. Here, we identify a topological Weyl semimetal state in the transition metal monopnictide materials class. Our first-principles calculations on TaAs reveal its bulk Weyl fermion cones and surface Fermi arcs. Our results show that in the TaAs-type materials the Weyl semimetal state does not depend on fine-tuning of chemical composition or magnetic order, which opens the door for the experimental realization of Weyl semimetals and Fermi arc surface states in real materials.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]; ORCiD logo [5];  [6];  [3];  [7];  [8];  [9];  [10];  [11];  [5]; ORCiD logo [12]
  1. National Univ. of Singapore, Singapore (Mongolia). Centre for Advanced 2D Materials and Graphene Research Centre; National Univ. of Singapore, Singapore (Mongolia). Dept. of Physics
  2. Princeton Univ., NJ (United States). Dept. of Physics, Joseph Henry Laboratory; Princeton Univ., NJ (United States). Princeton Center for Complex Materials
  3. Princeton Univ., NJ (United States). Dept. of Physics, Joseph Henry Laboratory; Princeton Univ., NJ (United States). Princeton Center for Complex Materials
  4. National Univ. of Singapore, Singapore (Mongolia). Centre for Advanced 2D Materials and Graphene Research Centre; National Univ. of Singapore, Singapore (Mongolia). Dept. of Physics
  5. National Univ. of Singapore, Singapore (Mongolia). Centre for Advanced 2D Materials and Graphene Research Centre; National Univ. of Singapore, Singapore (Mongolia). Dept. of Physics
  6. National Univ. of Singapore, Singapore (Mongolia). Centre for Advanced 2D Materials and Graphene Research Centre; National Univ. of Singapore, Singapore (Mongolia). Dept. of Physics; Northeastern Univ., Boston, MA (United States). Dept. of Physics
  7. Princeton Univ., NJ (United States). Dept. of Physics, Joseph Henry Laboratory
  8. Princeton Univ., NJ (United States). Dept. of Physics, Joseph Henry Laboratory; Princeton Univ., NJ (United States). Princeton Center for Complex Materials; Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States). Condensed Matter and Magnet Science Group
  9. Peking Univ., Beijing (China). ICQM, School of Physics
  10. Peking Univ., Beijing (China). ICQM, School of Physics; Collaborative Innovation Center of Quantum Matter, Beijing (China)
  11. Northeastern Univ., Boston, MA (United States). Dept. of Physics
  12. Princeton Univ., NJ (United States). Dept. of Physics, Joseph Henry Laboratory; Princeton Univ., NJ (United States). Princeton Center for Complex Materials; Princeton Univ., NJ (United States). Princeton Center for Complex Materials
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Princeton Univ., NJ (United States); Northeastern Univ., Boston, MA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
1623981
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231; FG02-05ER46200; FG02-07ER46352
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
Science & Technology - Other Topics

Citation Formats

Huang, Shin-Ming, Xu, Su-Yang, Belopolski, Ilya, Lee, Chi-Cheng, Chang, Guoqing, Wang, BaoKai, Alidoust, Nasser, Bian, Guang, Neupane, Madhab, Zhang, Chenglong, Jia, Shuang, Bansil, Arun, Lin, Hsin, and Hasan, M. Zahid. A Weyl Fermion semimetal with surface Fermi arcs in the transition metal monopnictide TaAs class. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1038/ncomms8373.
Huang, Shin-Ming, Xu, Su-Yang, Belopolski, Ilya, Lee, Chi-Cheng, Chang, Guoqing, Wang, BaoKai, Alidoust, Nasser, Bian, Guang, Neupane, Madhab, Zhang, Chenglong, Jia, Shuang, Bansil, Arun, Lin, Hsin, & Hasan, M. Zahid. A Weyl Fermion semimetal with surface Fermi arcs in the transition metal monopnictide TaAs class. United States. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms8373
Huang, Shin-Ming, Xu, Su-Yang, Belopolski, Ilya, Lee, Chi-Cheng, Chang, Guoqing, Wang, BaoKai, Alidoust, Nasser, Bian, Guang, Neupane, Madhab, Zhang, Chenglong, Jia, Shuang, Bansil, Arun, Lin, Hsin, and Hasan, M. Zahid. 2015. "A Weyl Fermion semimetal with surface Fermi arcs in the transition metal monopnictide TaAs class". United States. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms8373. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1623981.
@article{osti_1623981,
title = {A Weyl Fermion semimetal with surface Fermi arcs in the transition metal monopnictide TaAs class},
author = {Huang, Shin-Ming and Xu, Su-Yang and Belopolski, Ilya and Lee, Chi-Cheng and Chang, Guoqing and Wang, BaoKai and Alidoust, Nasser and Bian, Guang and Neupane, Madhab and Zhang, Chenglong and Jia, Shuang and Bansil, Arun and Lin, Hsin and Hasan, M. Zahid},
abstractNote = {Weyl fermions are massless chiral fermions that play an important role in quantum field theory but have never been observed as fundamental particles. A Weyl semimetal is an unusual crystal that hosts Weyl fermions as quasiparticle excitations and features Fermi arcs on its surface. Such a semimetal not only provides a condensed matter realization of the anomalies in quantum field theories but also demonstrates the topological classification beyond the gapped topological insulators. Here, we identify a topological Weyl semimetal state in the transition metal monopnictide materials class. Our first-principles calculations on TaAs reveal its bulk Weyl fermion cones and surface Fermi arcs. Our results show that in the TaAs-type materials the Weyl semimetal state does not depend on fine-tuning of chemical composition or magnetic order, which opens the door for the experimental realization of Weyl semimetals and Fermi arc surface states in real materials.},
doi = {10.1038/ncomms8373},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1623981}, journal = {Nature Communications},
issn = {2041-1723},
number = 1,
volume = 6,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {6}
}

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