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Title: Supercompliant and Soft ( CH 3 NH 3 ) 3 Bi 2 I 9 Crystal with Ultralow Thermal Conductivity

Abstract

In this Letter, we show the phonon dispersion of (CH_{3}NH_{3})_{3}Bi_{2}I_{9} single crystals at 300 K measured by inelastic x-ray scattering. The frequencies of acoustic phonons are among the lowest of crystals. Nanoindentation measurements verified that these crystals are very compliant and considerably soft. The frequency overlap between acoustic and optical phonons results in strong acoustic-optical scattering. All these features lead to an ultralow thermal conductivity. The fundamental knowledge obtained from this study will accelerate the design of novel hybrid materials for energy applications.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [3];  [4];  [2];  [5];  [1];  [4];  [6]
  1. Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States)
  2. Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ. (Virginia Tech), Blacksburg, VA (United States)
  3. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Illinois Inst. of Technology, Chicago, IL (United States)
  4. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  5. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Advanced Photon Source (APS)
  6. Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States); Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ. (Virginia Tech), Blacksburg, VA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1607456
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1604705
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357; AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 123; Journal Issue: 15; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; phonons; thermal conductivity; photovoltaic adsorbers; solar cells; thermoelectric systems; x-ray scattering

Citation Formats

Ma, Hao, Li, Chen, Ma, Yunwei, Rouse, Zachary W., Wang, Heng, Zhang, Zhuolei, Slebodnick, Carla, Alatas, Ahmet, Baker, Shefford P., Urban, Jeffrey J., and Tian, Zhiting. Supercompliant and Soft (CH3NH3)3Bi2I9 Crystal with Ultralow Thermal Conductivity. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.155901.
Ma, Hao, Li, Chen, Ma, Yunwei, Rouse, Zachary W., Wang, Heng, Zhang, Zhuolei, Slebodnick, Carla, Alatas, Ahmet, Baker, Shefford P., Urban, Jeffrey J., & Tian, Zhiting. Supercompliant and Soft (CH3NH3)3Bi2I9 Crystal with Ultralow Thermal Conductivity. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.155901.
Ma, Hao, Li, Chen, Ma, Yunwei, Rouse, Zachary W., Wang, Heng, Zhang, Zhuolei, Slebodnick, Carla, Alatas, Ahmet, Baker, Shefford P., Urban, Jeffrey J., and Tian, Zhiting. Thu . "Supercompliant and Soft (CH3NH3)3Bi2I9 Crystal with Ultralow Thermal Conductivity". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.155901. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1607456.
@article{osti_1607456,
title = {Supercompliant and Soft (CH3NH3)3Bi2I9 Crystal with Ultralow Thermal Conductivity},
author = {Ma, Hao and Li, Chen and Ma, Yunwei and Rouse, Zachary W. and Wang, Heng and Zhang, Zhuolei and Slebodnick, Carla and Alatas, Ahmet and Baker, Shefford P. and Urban, Jeffrey J. and Tian, Zhiting},
abstractNote = {In this Letter, we show the phonon dispersion of (CH_{3}NH_{3})_{3}Bi_{2}I_{9} single crystals at 300 K measured by inelastic x-ray scattering. The frequencies of acoustic phonons are among the lowest of crystals. Nanoindentation measurements verified that these crystals are very compliant and considerably soft. The frequency overlap between acoustic and optical phonons results in strong acoustic-optical scattering. All these features lead to an ultralow thermal conductivity. The fundamental knowledge obtained from this study will accelerate the design of novel hybrid materials for energy applications.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.155901},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
issn = {0031-9007},
number = 15,
volume = 123,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {10}
}

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