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Title: A Multi-level Fidelity Microgrid Testbed Model for Cybersecurity Experimentation

Abstract

When experimenting with cybersecurity technologies for industrial control systems, it is often difficult to develop a realistic, self-contained model that provides an ability to easily measure the effects of cyber behavior on the associated physical system. To address this challenge, we have created and instantiated a microgrid cyber-physical model, where both the power distribution and the individual loads are under the control and authority of one entity. This enables cybersecurity experimentation where attacks against the physical system (grid and buildings) can be measured and defended from a single entities infrastructure. To achieve the appropriate levels of fidelity for cybersecurity effects, our microgrid model integrates multiple levels of simulation, hardware-in-the-loop, and virtualization. In this paper, we present how we designed and instantiated this test case model in a testbed infrastructure, our efforts to validate its operation, and an exemplary multistage attack scenario to showcase the model's utility.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]
  1. BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1606008
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-143817
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 12th USENIX Workshop on Cyber Security Experimentation and Test (CSET 2019), August 12, Santa Clara, CA
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Ashok, Aditya, Sridhar, Siddharth, Becejac, Tamara, Rice, Theora R., Engels, Matthias, Harpool, Scott E., Rice, Mark J., and Edgar, Thomas W. A Multi-level Fidelity Microgrid Testbed Model for Cybersecurity Experimentation. United States: N. p., 2019. Web.
Ashok, Aditya, Sridhar, Siddharth, Becejac, Tamara, Rice, Theora R., Engels, Matthias, Harpool, Scott E., Rice, Mark J., & Edgar, Thomas W. A Multi-level Fidelity Microgrid Testbed Model for Cybersecurity Experimentation. United States.
Ashok, Aditya, Sridhar, Siddharth, Becejac, Tamara, Rice, Theora R., Engels, Matthias, Harpool, Scott E., Rice, Mark J., and Edgar, Thomas W. Tue . "A Multi-level Fidelity Microgrid Testbed Model for Cybersecurity Experimentation". United States.
@article{osti_1606008,
title = {A Multi-level Fidelity Microgrid Testbed Model for Cybersecurity Experimentation},
author = {Ashok, Aditya and Sridhar, Siddharth and Becejac, Tamara and Rice, Theora R. and Engels, Matthias and Harpool, Scott E. and Rice, Mark J. and Edgar, Thomas W.},
abstractNote = {When experimenting with cybersecurity technologies for industrial control systems, it is often difficult to develop a realistic, self-contained model that provides an ability to easily measure the effects of cyber behavior on the associated physical system. To address this challenge, we have created and instantiated a microgrid cyber-physical model, where both the power distribution and the individual loads are under the control and authority of one entity. This enables cybersecurity experimentation where attacks against the physical system (grid and buildings) can be measured and defended from a single entities infrastructure. To achieve the appropriate levels of fidelity for cybersecurity effects, our microgrid model integrates multiple levels of simulation, hardware-in-the-loop, and virtualization. In this paper, we present how we designed and instantiated this test case model in a testbed infrastructure, our efforts to validate its operation, and an exemplary multistage attack scenario to showcase the model's utility.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {8}
}

Conference:
Other availability
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