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Title: Divergences in hydraulic conductance and anatomical traits of stems and leaves in three temperate tree species coping with drought, N addition and their interactions

Abstract

Drought and N addition have been shown to affect tree hydraulic traits, but few studies have been made on their interactions across species with different wood types or leaf forms. We examined the responses of hydraulic conductance and xylem anatomical traits of Quercus mongolica (ring-porous with simple-leaves), Fraxinus mandshurica (ring-porous with compound-leaves), and Tilia amurensis (diffuse-porous with simple-leaves) to drought, N addition and their interactions. Drought stress decreased current-year xylem-specific conductivity in stems (Ksx) and leaf hydraulic conductance (Kleaf), but N addition affected Ksx and Kleaf differently among species and watering regimes. These divergent effects were associated with different responses of anatomical traits and leaf forms. Higher mean vessel diameter in stems (Dstem) and lower vessel density in leaves (VDvein) were observed with N addition. The three-way interactive effects of drought, N addition and tree species were significant for most values of anatomical traits. These results were also reflected in large differences in vessel diameter and density among species with different wood types or leaf forms. The two-way interactive effects of drought and N addition were significant on Kleaf and predawn water potential (?pd), but not Ksx, indicating that leaves were more sensitive than stems to a combination of droughtmore » stress and N addition. Our results provide mechanistic insight into the variable responses of xylem water transport to the interactions of drought and N availability.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [5];  [5];  [6];  [1];  [7];  [5];  [4]
  1. UNIVERSITY PROGRAMS
  2. BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)
  3. Oklahoma State University
  4. Chinese Academy of Sciences
  5. Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang
  6. National Renewable Energy Laboratory,
  7. Institute of Atmospheric Environment, China Meteorological Administration, Shenyang
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1605549
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-149619
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Tree Physiology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 40; Journal Issue: 2
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
Hydraulic conductance, hydraulic architecture, N fertilization, xylem embolism, drought stress, woody plants

Citation Formats

Zhang, Hongxia, McDowell, Nate G., Adams, Henry D., Wang, Anzhi, Wu, Jiabing, Jin, Changjie, Tian, Jinyuan, Zhu, Kai, Li, Weibin, Zhang, Yushu, Yuan, Fenghui, and Guan, Dexin. Divergences in hydraulic conductance and anatomical traits of stems and leaves in three temperate tree species coping with drought, N addition and their interactions. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1093/treephys/tpz135.
Zhang, Hongxia, McDowell, Nate G., Adams, Henry D., Wang, Anzhi, Wu, Jiabing, Jin, Changjie, Tian, Jinyuan, Zhu, Kai, Li, Weibin, Zhang, Yushu, Yuan, Fenghui, & Guan, Dexin. Divergences in hydraulic conductance and anatomical traits of stems and leaves in three temperate tree species coping with drought, N addition and their interactions. United States. doi:10.1093/treephys/tpz135.
Zhang, Hongxia, McDowell, Nate G., Adams, Henry D., Wang, Anzhi, Wu, Jiabing, Jin, Changjie, Tian, Jinyuan, Zhu, Kai, Li, Weibin, Zhang, Yushu, Yuan, Fenghui, and Guan, Dexin. Mon . "Divergences in hydraulic conductance and anatomical traits of stems and leaves in three temperate tree species coping with drought, N addition and their interactions". United States. doi:10.1093/treephys/tpz135.
@article{osti_1605549,
title = {Divergences in hydraulic conductance and anatomical traits of stems and leaves in three temperate tree species coping with drought, N addition and their interactions},
author = {Zhang, Hongxia and McDowell, Nate G. and Adams, Henry D. and Wang, Anzhi and Wu, Jiabing and Jin, Changjie and Tian, Jinyuan and Zhu, Kai and Li, Weibin and Zhang, Yushu and Yuan, Fenghui and Guan, Dexin},
abstractNote = {Drought and N addition have been shown to affect tree hydraulic traits, but few studies have been made on their interactions across species with different wood types or leaf forms. We examined the responses of hydraulic conductance and xylem anatomical traits of Quercus mongolica (ring-porous with simple-leaves), Fraxinus mandshurica (ring-porous with compound-leaves), and Tilia amurensis (diffuse-porous with simple-leaves) to drought, N addition and their interactions. Drought stress decreased current-year xylem-specific conductivity in stems (Ksx) and leaf hydraulic conductance (Kleaf), but N addition affected Ksx and Kleaf differently among species and watering regimes. These divergent effects were associated with different responses of anatomical traits and leaf forms. Higher mean vessel diameter in stems (Dstem) and lower vessel density in leaves (VDvein) were observed with N addition. The three-way interactive effects of drought, N addition and tree species were significant for most values of anatomical traits. These results were also reflected in large differences in vessel diameter and density among species with different wood types or leaf forms. The two-way interactive effects of drought and N addition were significant on Kleaf and predawn water potential (?pd), but not Ksx, indicating that leaves were more sensitive than stems to a combination of drought stress and N addition. Our results provide mechanistic insight into the variable responses of xylem water transport to the interactions of drought and N availability.},
doi = {10.1093/treephys/tpz135},
journal = {Tree Physiology},
number = 2,
volume = 40,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {2}
}

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