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Title: Screening of Potential Biomass-Derived Streams as Fuel Blendstocks for Mixing Controlled Compression Ignition Combustion

Abstract

Mixing controlled compression ignition or diesel engines are highly efficient and are likely to continue to be the primary means for movement of goods for many years to come. Low-carbon biofuels have the potential to significantly reduce the carbon footprint of diesel combustion and could potentially have advantageous properties for combustion such as high cetane number and reduced engine out particle emissions. In this study, we developed a list of potential biomass-derived diesel blendstocks. An online database of properties and characteristics of these bioblendstocks was populated with data. Fuel properties were determined by measurement, model prediction, or literature review. Screening criteria were developed to determine if a bioblendstock met the basic requirements for handling in the diesel distribution system and use as a blend with conventional diesel. Criteria included cetane number =40, flashpoint =52 degrees C, and boiling point or final boiling point <338 degrees C. Blendstocks needed to be soluble in diesel fuel, have a toxicity no worse than conventional diesel, and not be corrosive. Additionally, cloud point or freezing point below 0 degrees C was required. This screening produced a list of 27 potential bioblendstocks. Of these candidates, 13 were available commercially or could be synthesized by biofuelsmore » production researchers and included 11 nominally pure components and two mixtures. These 13 candidates were then subjected to further study based on how they impact fuel properties upon blending. Blend properties included cetane number, lubricity, conductivity, oxidation stability and viscosity. Results indicate that all thirteen candidates can meet the basic requirements for diesel fuel blending and are likely to reduce particle emissions from diesel combustion.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [4]
  1. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  2. Oak Ridge National Laboratory
  3. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
  4. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Bioenergy Technologies Office (EE-3B); USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V)
OSTI Identifier:
1604303
Report Number(s):
NREL/PR-5400-73569
Journal ID: ISSN 0148--7191
DOE Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Journal Volume: 1; Conference: Presented at the WCX SAE World Congress Experience, 9-11 April 2019, Detroit, Michigan
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; low-carbon biofuels; mixing controlled compression ignition; fuel property screening; reduce particle emissions

Citation Formats

Fioroni, Gina M, Fouts, Lisa A, Luecke, Jon H, Vardon, Derek R, Huq, Nabila A, Christensen, Earl D, Huo, Xiangchen, Alleman, Teresa, McCormick, Robert L, Kass, Michael D., Polikarpov, Evgueni, Kukkadapu, Goutham, and Whitesides, Russell A. Screening of Potential Biomass-Derived Streams as Fuel Blendstocks for Mixing Controlled Compression Ignition Combustion. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.4271/2019-01-0570.
Fioroni, Gina M, Fouts, Lisa A, Luecke, Jon H, Vardon, Derek R, Huq, Nabila A, Christensen, Earl D, Huo, Xiangchen, Alleman, Teresa, McCormick, Robert L, Kass, Michael D., Polikarpov, Evgueni, Kukkadapu, Goutham, & Whitesides, Russell A. Screening of Potential Biomass-Derived Streams as Fuel Blendstocks for Mixing Controlled Compression Ignition Combustion. United States. doi:10.4271/2019-01-0570.
Fioroni, Gina M, Fouts, Lisa A, Luecke, Jon H, Vardon, Derek R, Huq, Nabila A, Christensen, Earl D, Huo, Xiangchen, Alleman, Teresa, McCormick, Robert L, Kass, Michael D., Polikarpov, Evgueni, Kukkadapu, Goutham, and Whitesides, Russell A. Fri . "Screening of Potential Biomass-Derived Streams as Fuel Blendstocks for Mixing Controlled Compression Ignition Combustion". United States. doi:10.4271/2019-01-0570. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1604303.
@article{osti_1604303,
title = {Screening of Potential Biomass-Derived Streams as Fuel Blendstocks for Mixing Controlled Compression Ignition Combustion},
author = {Fioroni, Gina M and Fouts, Lisa A and Luecke, Jon H and Vardon, Derek R and Huq, Nabila A and Christensen, Earl D and Huo, Xiangchen and Alleman, Teresa and McCormick, Robert L and Kass, Michael D. and Polikarpov, Evgueni and Kukkadapu, Goutham and Whitesides, Russell A.},
abstractNote = {Mixing controlled compression ignition or diesel engines are highly efficient and are likely to continue to be the primary means for movement of goods for many years to come. Low-carbon biofuels have the potential to significantly reduce the carbon footprint of diesel combustion and could potentially have advantageous properties for combustion such as high cetane number and reduced engine out particle emissions. In this study, we developed a list of potential biomass-derived diesel blendstocks. An online database of properties and characteristics of these bioblendstocks was populated with data. Fuel properties were determined by measurement, model prediction, or literature review. Screening criteria were developed to determine if a bioblendstock met the basic requirements for handling in the diesel distribution system and use as a blend with conventional diesel. Criteria included cetane number =40, flashpoint =52 degrees C, and boiling point or final boiling point <338 degrees C. Blendstocks needed to be soluble in diesel fuel, have a toxicity no worse than conventional diesel, and not be corrosive. Additionally, cloud point or freezing point below 0 degrees C was required. This screening produced a list of 27 potential bioblendstocks. Of these candidates, 13 were available commercially or could be synthesized by biofuels production researchers and included 11 nominally pure components and two mixtures. These 13 candidates were then subjected to further study based on how they impact fuel properties upon blending. Blend properties included cetane number, lubricity, conductivity, oxidation stability and viscosity. Results indicate that all thirteen candidates can meet the basic requirements for diesel fuel blending and are likely to reduce particle emissions from diesel combustion.},
doi = {10.4271/2019-01-0570},
journal = {},
issn = {0148--7191},
number = ,
volume = 1,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {3}
}

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