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Title: Materials and Approaches for Mitigation of SOFC Cathode Degradation in SOFC Power Systems

Abstract

Perovskites such as doped lanthanum manganite and cobaltite have been used successfully as a cathode material in SOFC power systems operating between 700-1000°C. The electrodes, however, remain prone to degradation in presence of Cr containing gas atmosphere under systems operating conditions. Cathode in SOFCs is considered as one of the largest contributors of electrochemical performance degradations, leading to significant increase in ohmic and non-ohmic losses as well as interfacial compound formation. These degradations are mostly irreversible due to permanent changes to chemical and morphological alterations in the electrodes, resulting in the blockage of triple phase boundary (TPB) sites and decrease in oxygen reduction reactions (ORR). Fundamental mechanistic understanding has been developed to elucidate the reaction pathways of electrode poisoning in electronically conducting electrodes (LSM) as well as mixed ionic and electronically conducting electrodes (LSCF). The overall goal of this program has been identification and development of cost effective solutions to mitigate electrode degradations under “real world” systems operating conditions. The overall technological innovations and impact from this work are: The research provides an understanding of the degradation mechanism and cost-effective approaches for implementation in SOFC systems.Develop mitigation processes utilizing low cost getters using conventional synthesis and fabrication route. Develop tailoredmore » high surface area powders and coatings for high Cr capture capacity under systems operating conditions. Developed computational models to understand mechanistic behavior Experimentally measure rate of Cr evaporation from chromia and alumina forming alloys under SOFC operating conditions. Developed conditions to minimize Cr evaporation from balance-of-plant alloys. This innovation will support the development of getter platform to capture both intrinsic and extrinsic impurities present in air. Applications under wide operating temperature range (500-900°C) as well for wide high-temperature electrochemical systems (SOFC, SOEC, and OTM). The work has been successfully developed, validated experimentally and implemented. Successful technology transfer of this knowledge with industrial partners has been accomplished and the getters have been independently tested and validated under their systems operating conditions. The innovation will also find application in related high temperature electrochemical systems such as OTM and SOEC for the prevention of Cr assisted performance degradation. The proposed approach for Cr capture can also be applied to oxy-combustion and other advanced combustion techniques for the reduction of Cr vapor in the exhaust gas stream. This fundamental knowledge gained also has led to the path forward for developing advanced getters for capturing more than one contaminant in air.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [1]; ;  [3]
  1. University of Connecticut
  2. Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States)
  3. University of Alabama
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Connecticut, Storrs, CT (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Fossil Energy (FE)
Contributing Org.:
University of Connecticut, University of Alabama
OSTI Identifier:
1604141
Report Number(s):
Final Report
DOE Contract Number:  
FE0023385
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
03 NATURAL GAS; 01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT

Citation Formats

Singh, Prabhakar, RamPrasad, Rampi, Aphale, Ashish, Hu, Boxun, Suib, Steven, Hong, Junsung, and Mahapatra, Manoj Kumar. Materials and Approaches for Mitigation of SOFC Cathode Degradation in SOFC Power Systems. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.2172/1604141.
Singh, Prabhakar, RamPrasad, Rampi, Aphale, Ashish, Hu, Boxun, Suib, Steven, Hong, Junsung, & Mahapatra, Manoj Kumar. Materials and Approaches for Mitigation of SOFC Cathode Degradation in SOFC Power Systems. United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/1604141
Singh, Prabhakar, RamPrasad, Rampi, Aphale, Ashish, Hu, Boxun, Suib, Steven, Hong, Junsung, and Mahapatra, Manoj Kumar. Thu . "Materials and Approaches for Mitigation of SOFC Cathode Degradation in SOFC Power Systems". United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/1604141. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1604141.
@article{osti_1604141,
title = {Materials and Approaches for Mitigation of SOFC Cathode Degradation in SOFC Power Systems},
author = {Singh, Prabhakar and RamPrasad, Rampi and Aphale, Ashish and Hu, Boxun and Suib, Steven and Hong, Junsung and Mahapatra, Manoj Kumar},
abstractNote = {Perovskites such as doped lanthanum manganite and cobaltite have been used successfully as a cathode material in SOFC power systems operating between 700-1000°C. The electrodes, however, remain prone to degradation in presence of Cr containing gas atmosphere under systems operating conditions. Cathode in SOFCs is considered as one of the largest contributors of electrochemical performance degradations, leading to significant increase in ohmic and non-ohmic losses as well as interfacial compound formation. These degradations are mostly irreversible due to permanent changes to chemical and morphological alterations in the electrodes, resulting in the blockage of triple phase boundary (TPB) sites and decrease in oxygen reduction reactions (ORR). Fundamental mechanistic understanding has been developed to elucidate the reaction pathways of electrode poisoning in electronically conducting electrodes (LSM) as well as mixed ionic and electronically conducting electrodes (LSCF). The overall goal of this program has been identification and development of cost effective solutions to mitigate electrode degradations under “real world” systems operating conditions. The overall technological innovations and impact from this work are: The research provides an understanding of the degradation mechanism and cost-effective approaches for implementation in SOFC systems.Develop mitigation processes utilizing low cost getters using conventional synthesis and fabrication route. Develop tailored high surface area powders and coatings for high Cr capture capacity under systems operating conditions. Developed computational models to understand mechanistic behavior Experimentally measure rate of Cr evaporation from chromia and alumina forming alloys under SOFC operating conditions. Developed conditions to minimize Cr evaporation from balance-of-plant alloys. This innovation will support the development of getter platform to capture both intrinsic and extrinsic impurities present in air. Applications under wide operating temperature range (500-900°C) as well for wide high-temperature electrochemical systems (SOFC, SOEC, and OTM). The work has been successfully developed, validated experimentally and implemented. Successful technology transfer of this knowledge with industrial partners has been accomplished and the getters have been independently tested and validated under their systems operating conditions. The innovation will also find application in related high temperature electrochemical systems such as OTM and SOEC for the prevention of Cr assisted performance degradation. The proposed approach for Cr capture can also be applied to oxy-combustion and other advanced combustion techniques for the reduction of Cr vapor in the exhaust gas stream. This fundamental knowledge gained also has led to the path forward for developing advanced getters for capturing more than one contaminant in air.},
doi = {10.2172/1604141},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1604141}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {3}
}