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Title: Aerosols in the E3SM Version 1: New Developments and Their Impacts on Radiative Forcing

Abstract

The new Energy Exascale Earth System Model version 1 (E3SMv1) developed for the U.S. Department of Energy has significant new treatments of aerosols and light-absorbing snow impurities as well as their interactions with clouds and radiation. This study describes seven sets of new aerosol-related treatments (involving emissions, new particle formation, aerosol transport, wet scavenging and resuspension, and snow radiative transfer) and examines how they affect global aerosols and radiative forcing in E3SMv1. Altogether they give a reduced total aerosol radiative forcing (-1.6 W m-2) and sensitivity in cloud liquid water to aerosols, but an increased sensitivity in cloud droplet size to aerosols. A new approach for H2SO4 production/loss largely increases reduces a low bias in small particles concentrations and leads to substantial increases in CCN concentrations and cloud radiative cooling. Emitting secondary organic aerosol (SOA) precursor gases from elevated sources increases the column burden of SOA, contributing substantially to global clear-sky aerosol radiative cooling (-0.15 out of -0.5 W m-2). A new treatment of aerosol resuspension from evaporating precipitation, developed to remedy two shortcomings of the original treatment, produces a modest reduction in aerosols and cloud droplets; its impact depends strongly on the model physics and is much stronger inmore » E3SM version 0. New treatments of the mixing state and optical properties of snow impurities and snow grains introduce a positive present-day shortwave radiative forcing (0.26 W m-2), but changes in aerosol transport and wet removal processes also affect the concentration and radiative forcing of light-absorbing impurities in snow/ice.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [3];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [4];  [5];  [6]; ORCiD logo [1];  [7]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [8] more »;  [9];  [10] « less
  1. BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)
  2. EMERITUS PROGRAM
  3. Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, Hauz Khas, New Delhi, India
  4. VISITORS
  5. ARGONNE NATL LAB
  6. University of Michigan
  7. University of Wyoming
  8. LAWRENCE LIVERMORE
  9. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
  10. Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1602755
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-146124
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 12; Journal Issue: 1
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Wang, Hailong, Easter, Richard C., Zhang, Rudong, Ma, Po Lun, Singh, Balwinder, Zhang, Kai, Ganguly, Dilip, Rasch, Philip J., Burrows, Susannah M., Ghan, Steven J., Lou, Sijia, Qian, Yun, Yang, Yang, Feng, Yan, Flanner, Mark G., Leung, Lai-Yung, Liu, Xiaohong, Shrivastava, ManishKumar B., Sun, Jian, Tang, Qi, Xie, Shaocheng, and Yoon, Jin-Ho. Aerosols in the E3SM Version 1: New Developments and Their Impacts on Radiative Forcing. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1029/2019MS001851.
Wang, Hailong, Easter, Richard C., Zhang, Rudong, Ma, Po Lun, Singh, Balwinder, Zhang, Kai, Ganguly, Dilip, Rasch, Philip J., Burrows, Susannah M., Ghan, Steven J., Lou, Sijia, Qian, Yun, Yang, Yang, Feng, Yan, Flanner, Mark G., Leung, Lai-Yung, Liu, Xiaohong, Shrivastava, ManishKumar B., Sun, Jian, Tang, Qi, Xie, Shaocheng, & Yoon, Jin-Ho. Aerosols in the E3SM Version 1: New Developments and Their Impacts on Radiative Forcing. United States. doi:10.1029/2019MS001851.
Wang, Hailong, Easter, Richard C., Zhang, Rudong, Ma, Po Lun, Singh, Balwinder, Zhang, Kai, Ganguly, Dilip, Rasch, Philip J., Burrows, Susannah M., Ghan, Steven J., Lou, Sijia, Qian, Yun, Yang, Yang, Feng, Yan, Flanner, Mark G., Leung, Lai-Yung, Liu, Xiaohong, Shrivastava, ManishKumar B., Sun, Jian, Tang, Qi, Xie, Shaocheng, and Yoon, Jin-Ho. Wed . "Aerosols in the E3SM Version 1: New Developments and Their Impacts on Radiative Forcing". United States. doi:10.1029/2019MS001851.
@article{osti_1602755,
title = {Aerosols in the E3SM Version 1: New Developments and Their Impacts on Radiative Forcing},
author = {Wang, Hailong and Easter, Richard C. and Zhang, Rudong and Ma, Po Lun and Singh, Balwinder and Zhang, Kai and Ganguly, Dilip and Rasch, Philip J. and Burrows, Susannah M. and Ghan, Steven J. and Lou, Sijia and Qian, Yun and Yang, Yang and Feng, Yan and Flanner, Mark G. and Leung, Lai-Yung and Liu, Xiaohong and Shrivastava, ManishKumar B. and Sun, Jian and Tang, Qi and Xie, Shaocheng and Yoon, Jin-Ho},
abstractNote = {The new Energy Exascale Earth System Model version 1 (E3SMv1) developed for the U.S. Department of Energy has significant new treatments of aerosols and light-absorbing snow impurities as well as their interactions with clouds and radiation. This study describes seven sets of new aerosol-related treatments (involving emissions, new particle formation, aerosol transport, wet scavenging and resuspension, and snow radiative transfer) and examines how they affect global aerosols and radiative forcing in E3SMv1. Altogether they give a reduced total aerosol radiative forcing (-1.6 W m-2) and sensitivity in cloud liquid water to aerosols, but an increased sensitivity in cloud droplet size to aerosols. A new approach for H2SO4 production/loss largely increases reduces a low bias in small particles concentrations and leads to substantial increases in CCN concentrations and cloud radiative cooling. Emitting secondary organic aerosol (SOA) precursor gases from elevated sources increases the column burden of SOA, contributing substantially to global clear-sky aerosol radiative cooling (-0.15 out of -0.5 W m-2). A new treatment of aerosol resuspension from evaporating precipitation, developed to remedy two shortcomings of the original treatment, produces a modest reduction in aerosols and cloud droplets; its impact depends strongly on the model physics and is much stronger in E3SM version 0. New treatments of the mixing state and optical properties of snow impurities and snow grains introduce a positive present-day shortwave radiative forcing (0.26 W m-2), but changes in aerosol transport and wet removal processes also affect the concentration and radiative forcing of light-absorbing impurities in snow/ice.},
doi = {10.1029/2019MS001851},
journal = {Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems},
number = 1,
volume = 12,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {1}
}

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