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Title: Reciprocal Space Imaging of Ionic Correlations in Intercalation Compounds.

Abstract

The intercalation of alkali ions into layered materials has played an essential role in battery technology since the development of the first lithium-ion electrodes. Coulomb repulsion between the intercalants leads to ordering of the intercalant sublattice, which hinders ionic diffusion and impacts battery performance. While conventional diffraction can identify the long-range order that can occur at discrete intercalant concentrations during the charging cycle, it cannot determine short-range order at other concentrations that also disrupt ionic mobility. In this Article, we show that the use of real-space transforms of single-crystal diffuse scattering, measured with high-energy synchrotron X-rays, allows a model-independent measurement of the temperature dependence of the length scale of ionic correlations along each of the crystallographic axes in sodium-intercalated V2O5. The techniques described here provide a new way of probing the evolution of structural ordering in crystalline materials.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science - Office of Basic Energy Sciences - Materials Sciences and Engineering Division; USDOE Office of Science - Office of Basic Energy Sciences - Scientific User Facilities Division
OSTI Identifier:
1600932
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Nature Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 19; Journal Issue: 1
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Krogstad, Matthew J., Rosenkranz, Stephan, Wozniak, Justin M., Jennings, Guy, Ruff, Jacob P. C., Vaughey, John T., and Osborn, Raymond. Reciprocal Space Imaging of Ionic Correlations in Intercalation Compounds.. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1038/s41563-019-0500-7.
Krogstad, Matthew J., Rosenkranz, Stephan, Wozniak, Justin M., Jennings, Guy, Ruff, Jacob P. C., Vaughey, John T., & Osborn, Raymond. Reciprocal Space Imaging of Ionic Correlations in Intercalation Compounds.. United States. doi:10.1038/s41563-019-0500-7.
Krogstad, Matthew J., Rosenkranz, Stephan, Wozniak, Justin M., Jennings, Guy, Ruff, Jacob P. C., Vaughey, John T., and Osborn, Raymond. Wed . "Reciprocal Space Imaging of Ionic Correlations in Intercalation Compounds.". United States. doi:10.1038/s41563-019-0500-7.
@article{osti_1600932,
title = {Reciprocal Space Imaging of Ionic Correlations in Intercalation Compounds.},
author = {Krogstad, Matthew J. and Rosenkranz, Stephan and Wozniak, Justin M. and Jennings, Guy and Ruff, Jacob P. C. and Vaughey, John T. and Osborn, Raymond},
abstractNote = {The intercalation of alkali ions into layered materials has played an essential role in battery technology since the development of the first lithium-ion electrodes. Coulomb repulsion between the intercalants leads to ordering of the intercalant sublattice, which hinders ionic diffusion and impacts battery performance. While conventional diffraction can identify the long-range order that can occur at discrete intercalant concentrations during the charging cycle, it cannot determine short-range order at other concentrations that also disrupt ionic mobility. In this Article, we show that the use of real-space transforms of single-crystal diffuse scattering, measured with high-energy synchrotron X-rays, allows a model-independent measurement of the temperature dependence of the length scale of ionic correlations along each of the crystallographic axes in sodium-intercalated V2O5. The techniques described here provide a new way of probing the evolution of structural ordering in crystalline materials.},
doi = {10.1038/s41563-019-0500-7},
journal = {Nature Materials},
number = 1,
volume = 19,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {1}
}

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