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Title: Observation of seasonal variation of atmospheric multiple-muon events in the NOvA Near Detector

Abstract

Using two years of data from the NOvA Near Detector at Fermilab, we report a seasonal variation of cosmic ray induced multiple-muon (N-mu >= 2) event rates which has an opposite phase to the seasonal variation in the atmospheric temperature. The strength of the seasonal multiple-muon variation is shown to increase as a function of the muon multiplicity. However, no significant dependence of the strength of the seasonal variation of the multiple-muon variation is seen as a function of the muon zenith angle, or the spatial or angular separation between the correlated muons.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation; USDOE Office of Science - Office of High Energy Physics; National Science Foundation (NSF); India Department of Science and Technology; European Research Council (ERC); Russian Science Foundation; Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico (CNPq); Royal Society United Kingdom; University of Minnesota; State of Minnesota
OSTI Identifier:
1600461
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review. D, Particles Fields
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 99; Journal Issue: 12
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Acero, M. A., Adamson, P., Aliaga, L., Alion, T., Allakhverdian, V., Altakarli, S., Anfimov, N., Antoshkin, A., Aurisano, A., Back, A., Djurcic, Z., Goodman, M. C., Magill, S., Schreiner, P., and Talaga, R. L. Observation of seasonal variation of atmospheric multiple-muon events in the NOvA Near Detector. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.99.122004.
Acero, M. A., Adamson, P., Aliaga, L., Alion, T., Allakhverdian, V., Altakarli, S., Anfimov, N., Antoshkin, A., Aurisano, A., Back, A., Djurcic, Z., Goodman, M. C., Magill, S., Schreiner, P., & Talaga, R. L. Observation of seasonal variation of atmospheric multiple-muon events in the NOvA Near Detector. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.99.122004.
Acero, M. A., Adamson, P., Aliaga, L., Alion, T., Allakhverdian, V., Altakarli, S., Anfimov, N., Antoshkin, A., Aurisano, A., Back, A., Djurcic, Z., Goodman, M. C., Magill, S., Schreiner, P., and Talaga, R. L. Fri . "Observation of seasonal variation of atmospheric multiple-muon events in the NOvA Near Detector". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.99.122004.
@article{osti_1600461,
title = {Observation of seasonal variation of atmospheric multiple-muon events in the NOvA Near Detector},
author = {Acero, M. A. and Adamson, P. and Aliaga, L. and Alion, T. and Allakhverdian, V. and Altakarli, S. and Anfimov, N. and Antoshkin, A. and Aurisano, A. and Back, A. and Djurcic, Z. and Goodman, M. C. and Magill, S. and Schreiner, P. and Talaga, R. L.},
abstractNote = {Using two years of data from the NOvA Near Detector at Fermilab, we report a seasonal variation of cosmic ray induced multiple-muon (N-mu >= 2) event rates which has an opposite phase to the seasonal variation in the atmospheric temperature. The strength of the seasonal multiple-muon variation is shown to increase as a function of the muon multiplicity. However, no significant dependence of the strength of the seasonal variation of the multiple-muon variation is seen as a function of the muon zenith angle, or the spatial or angular separation between the correlated muons.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.99.122004},
journal = {Physical Review. D, Particles Fields},
number = 12,
volume = 99,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {6}
}

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    The ERA-Interim reanalysis: configuration and performance of the data assimilation system
    journal, April 2011

    • Dee, D. P.; Uppala, S. M.; Simmons, A. J.
    • Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, Vol. 137, Issue 656
    • DOI: 10.1002/qj.828

    The atmospheric charged kaon/pion ratio using seasonal variation methods
    journal, April 2010


    Dependence of the muon intensity on the atmospheric temperature measured by the GRAPES-3 experiment
    journal, September 2017


    Liquid scintillator production for the NOvA experiment
    journal, November 2015

    • Mufson, S.; Baugh, B.; Bower, C.
    • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 799
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2015.07.026

    The NuMI neutrino beam
    journal, January 2016

    • Adamson, P.; Anderson, K.; Andrews, M.
    • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 806
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2015.08.063

    PVC extrusion development and production for the NOvA neutrino experiment
    journal, July 2017

    • Talaga, R. L.; Grudzinski, J. J.; Phan-Budd, S.
    • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 861
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2017.03.004

    Real-time line detection through an improved Hough transform voting scheme
    journal, January 2008


    Fast algorithm for spectral analysis of unevenly sampled data
    journal, March 1989

    • Press, William H.; Rybicki, George B.
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 338
    • DOI: 10.1086/167197

    Cosmic-muon flux and annual modulation in Borexino at 3800 m water-equivalent depth
    journal, May 2012


    Cosmic-muon characterization and annual modulation measurement with Double Chooz detectors
    journal, February 2017

    • Abrahão, T.; Almazan, H.; Anjos, J. C. dos
    • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2017, Issue 02
    • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2017/02/017

    Seasonal variation of the underground cosmic muon flux observed at Daya Bay
    journal, January 2018

    • An, F. P.; Balantekin, A. B.; Band, H. R.
    • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2018, Issue 01
    • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2018/01/001

    Timing in the NO v A detectors with atomic clock based time transfers between Fermilab, the Soudan mine and the NO v A Far detector
    journal, December 2015