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Title: Separation of High Purity Oxygenated Aromatics from Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis Organic Streams

Abstract

Thermochemical conversion of lignocellulosic biomass offers an attractive route to produce fuels and chemicals. Specifically, catalytic fast pyrolysis (CFP) oils have been shown to contain a high concentration of oxygenated aromatics, which can be isolated as value-added co-products. Purification of oxygenated aromatics can be a viable pathway to more economically competitive biorefineries, yet the isolation of highly pure coproduct streams remains technically challenging due to the high chemical heterogeneity of thermochemical process steams. Here, we demonstrate an industrially scalable process for isolating phenol, a widely used precursor to plastics, from CFP oil. Importantly, we leverage standard industrial processes, such as distillation, liquid-liquid extraction, and crystallization, to achieve phenol with 97% purity. In addition, the primary distillation of the CFP oil yielded several other fractions that contain chemicals with the potential to be isolated (e.g. cyclic ketones, cresols, and guaiacols). This work provides a technically feasible path to high purity oxygenated aromatics that has the potential to offset fuel production costs in a biorefinery.

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Bioenergy Technologies Office (EE-3B)
OSTI Identifier:
1600129
Report Number(s):
NREL/PO-5100-75002
DOE Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Presented at the tcbiomassplus2019, 7-9 October 2019, Rosemont, Illinois
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; pyrolysis; co-products; phenol; CCTPL

Citation Formats

Roback, Joseph, Wilson, Nolan, and Nimlos, Mark R. Separation of High Purity Oxygenated Aromatics from Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis Organic Streams. United States: N. p., 2020. Web.
Roback, Joseph, Wilson, Nolan, & Nimlos, Mark R. Separation of High Purity Oxygenated Aromatics from Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis Organic Streams. United States.
Roback, Joseph, Wilson, Nolan, and Nimlos, Mark R. Tue . "Separation of High Purity Oxygenated Aromatics from Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis Organic Streams". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1600129.
@article{osti_1600129,
title = {Separation of High Purity Oxygenated Aromatics from Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis Organic Streams},
author = {Roback, Joseph and Wilson, Nolan and Nimlos, Mark R},
abstractNote = {Thermochemical conversion of lignocellulosic biomass offers an attractive route to produce fuels and chemicals. Specifically, catalytic fast pyrolysis (CFP) oils have been shown to contain a high concentration of oxygenated aromatics, which can be isolated as value-added co-products. Purification of oxygenated aromatics can be a viable pathway to more economically competitive biorefineries, yet the isolation of highly pure coproduct streams remains technically challenging due to the high chemical heterogeneity of thermochemical process steams. Here, we demonstrate an industrially scalable process for isolating phenol, a widely used precursor to plastics, from CFP oil. Importantly, we leverage standard industrial processes, such as distillation, liquid-liquid extraction, and crystallization, to achieve phenol with 97% purity. In addition, the primary distillation of the CFP oil yielded several other fractions that contain chemicals with the potential to be isolated (e.g. cyclic ketones, cresols, and guaiacols). This work provides a technically feasible path to high purity oxygenated aromatics that has the potential to offset fuel production costs in a biorefinery.},
doi = {},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1600129}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {2}
}

Conference:
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