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Title: Axion detection via topological Casimir effect

Abstract

We propose here a new table-top experimental configuration for the direct detection of dark matter QCD axions in the traditional open mass window 10 - 6 eV m a 10 - 2 eV using nonperturbative effects in a system with nontrivial spatial topology. Different from many experimental setups found in literature on direct dark matter axion detection, which relies on θ ˙ or θ , we found that our system is in principle sensitive to a static θ 10 - 14 and can also be used to set limit on the fundamental constant θ QED which becomes the fundamental observable parameter of the Maxwell system if some conditions are met. Furthermore, the proposed experiments can probe entire open mass window 10 - 6 eV m a 10 - 2 eV with the same design, which should be contrasted with conventional cavity-type experiments being sensitive to a specific axion mass. Connection with Witten effect when the induced electric charge e ' is proportional to θ and the magnetic monopole becomes the dyon with nonvanishing e ' = - e θ 2 π is also discussed.

Authors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States)
  2. Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC (Canada)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
California Institute of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP)
OSTI Identifier:
1599364
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1369585
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0011632
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review D
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 96; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

Citation Formats

Cao, ChunJun, and Zhitnitsky, Ariel. Axion detection via topological Casimir effect. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.96.015013.
Cao, ChunJun, & Zhitnitsky, Ariel. Axion detection via topological Casimir effect. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.96.015013.
Cao, ChunJun, and Zhitnitsky, Ariel. Thu . "Axion detection via topological Casimir effect". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.96.015013. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1599364.
@article{osti_1599364,
title = {Axion detection via topological Casimir effect},
author = {Cao, ChunJun and Zhitnitsky, Ariel},
abstractNote = {We propose here a new table-top experimental configuration for the direct detection of dark matter QCD axions in the traditional open mass window 10-6eV≲ma≲10-2eV using nonperturbative effects in a system with nontrivial spatial topology. Different from many experimental setups found in literature on direct dark matter axion detection, which relies on θ˙ or ∇→θ, we found that our system is in principle sensitive to a static θ≥10-14 and can also be used to set limit on the fundamental constant θQED which becomes the fundamental observable parameter of the Maxwell system if some conditions are met. Furthermore, the proposed experiments can probe entire open mass window 10-6eV≲ma≲10-2eV with the same design, which should be contrasted with conventional cavity-type experiments being sensitive to a specific axion mass. Connection with Witten effect when the induced electric charge e' is proportional to θ and the magnetic monopole becomes the dyon with nonvanishing e'=-eθ2π is also discussed.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.96.015013},
journal = {Physical Review D},
issn = {2470-0010},
number = 1,
volume = 96,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {7}
}

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Cited by: 6 works
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