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Title: Majorana dark matter through the Higgs portal under the vacuum stability lamppost

Abstract

We study the vacuum stability of a minimal Higgs portal model in which the standard model (SM) particle spectrum is extended to include one complex scalar field and one Dirac fermion. These new fields are singlets under the SM gauge group and are charged under a global U(1) symmetry. Breaking of this U(1) symmetry results in a massless Goldstone boson, a massive CP-even scalar, and splits the Dirac fermion into two new mass-eigenstates, corresponding to Majorana fermions. The lightest Majorana fermion (w) is absolutely stable, providing a plausible dark matter (DM) candidate. We show that interactions between the Higgs sector and the lightest Majorana fermion which are strong enough to yield a thermal relic abundance consistent with observation can easily destabilize the electroweak vacuum or drive the theory into a non-perturbative regime at an energy scale well below the Planck mass. However, we also demonstrate that there is a region of the parameter space which develops a stable vacuum (up to the Planck scale), satisfies the relic abundance, and is in agreement with direct DM searches. Such an interesting region of the parameter space corresponds to DM masses 350 GeV \alt m_w \alt 1 TeV. The region of interest ismore » within reach of second generation DM direct detection experiments« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [7]
  1. City Univ. of New York (CUNY), NY (United States); American Museum of Natural History (AMNH), New York, NY (United States)
  2. Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States)
  3. Northeastern Univ., Boston, MA (United States)
  4. National Taiwan Univ., Taipei (Taiwan)
  5. Univ. of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI (United States)
  6. Univ. of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI (United States)
  7. Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
OSTI Identifier:
1598675
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1213963
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0010504; FG-02- 95ER40896
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review. D, Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 92; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 1550-7998
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS

Citation Formats

Anchordoqui, Luis A., Barger, Vernon, Goldberg, Haim, Huang, Xing, Marfatia, Danny, da Silva, Luiz H. M., and Weiler, Thomas J. Majorana dark matter through the Higgs portal under the vacuum stability lamppost. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.92.063504.
Anchordoqui, Luis A., Barger, Vernon, Goldberg, Haim, Huang, Xing, Marfatia, Danny, da Silva, Luiz H. M., & Weiler, Thomas J. Majorana dark matter through the Higgs portal under the vacuum stability lamppost. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.92.063504.
Anchordoqui, Luis A., Barger, Vernon, Goldberg, Haim, Huang, Xing, Marfatia, Danny, da Silva, Luiz H. M., and Weiler, Thomas J. Fri . "Majorana dark matter through the Higgs portal under the vacuum stability lamppost". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.92.063504. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1598675.
@article{osti_1598675,
title = {Majorana dark matter through the Higgs portal under the vacuum stability lamppost},
author = {Anchordoqui, Luis A. and Barger, Vernon and Goldberg, Haim and Huang, Xing and Marfatia, Danny and da Silva, Luiz H. M. and Weiler, Thomas J.},
abstractNote = {We study the vacuum stability of a minimal Higgs portal model in which the standard model (SM) particle spectrum is extended to include one complex scalar field and one Dirac fermion. These new fields are singlets under the SM gauge group and are charged under a global U(1) symmetry. Breaking of this U(1) symmetry results in a massless Goldstone boson, a massive CP-even scalar, and splits the Dirac fermion into two new mass-eigenstates, corresponding to Majorana fermions. The lightest Majorana fermion (w) is absolutely stable, providing a plausible dark matter (DM) candidate. We show that interactions between the Higgs sector and the lightest Majorana fermion which are strong enough to yield a thermal relic abundance consistent with observation can easily destabilize the electroweak vacuum or drive the theory into a non-perturbative regime at an energy scale well below the Planck mass. However, we also demonstrate that there is a region of the parameter space which develops a stable vacuum (up to the Planck scale), satisfies the relic abundance, and is in agreement with direct DM searches. Such an interesting region of the parameter space corresponds to DM masses 350 GeV \alt m_w \alt 1 TeV. The region of interest is within reach of second generation DM direct detection experiments},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.92.063504},
journal = {Physical Review. D, Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology},
issn = {1550-7998},
number = 6,
volume = 92,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {9}
}

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