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Title: DNA-Enabled Chiral Gold Nanoparticle–Chromophore Hybrid Structure with Resonant Plasmon–Exciton Coupling Gives Unusual and Strong Circular Dichroism

Abstract

Circular dichroism (CD) from hybrid complexes of plasmonic nanostructures and chiral molecules has recently attracted significant interest. Yet, the hierarchical chiral self-assembly of molecules on surfaces of metal nanostructures has remained challenging. As a result, a deep understanding of plasmon–exciton coupling between surface plasmons and chiral collective molecular excitations has not been achieved. In particular, the critical impact of resonant plasmon–exciton coupling within the hybrid is unclear. Here, we employed DNA-templated strategies to control the chiral self-assembly of achiral chromophores with rationally tuned exciton transitions on gold nanosphere (AuNP) or gold nanorod (AuNR) surfaces. Unlike many previous chiral plasmonic hybrids utilizing chiral biomolecules with CD signals in the UV range, we designed structures with the chiral excitonic resonances at visible wavelengths. The constructed hybrid complexes displayed strong chiroptical activity that depends on the spectral overlap between the chiral collective molecular excitations and the plasmon resonances. We find that when spectral overlap is optimized, the molecular CD signal originating from the chiral self-assemblies of chromophores was strongly enhanced (maximum enhancement of nearly an order of magnitude) and a plasmonic CD signal was induced. Surprisingly, the sign of the molecular CD was reversed despite different self-assembly mechanisms of the Au nanoparticle–chromophore hybrids.more » Our findings offer new insight into plasmonic CD enhancements and will inspire further studies on chiral light–matter interactions in strongly coupled plasmonic–excitonic systems.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States)
  2. Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (United States)
  3. Univ. of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu (China); Ohio Univ., Athens, OH (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1596647
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0016353; CHE-1507745; CHE-1903980
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of the American Chemical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 141; Journal Issue: 49; Related Information: Supporting Info: https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/jacs.9b08797.; Journal ID: ISSN 0002-7863
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; Dyes and pigments; Metal nanoparticles; Oligomers; Plasmonics; Plasmons

Citation Formats

Lan, Xiang, Zhou, Xu, McCarthy, Lauren A., Govorov, Alexander O., Liu, Yan, and Link, Stephan. DNA-Enabled Chiral Gold Nanoparticle–Chromophore Hybrid Structure with Resonant Plasmon–Exciton Coupling Gives Unusual and Strong Circular Dichroism. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1021/jacs.9b08797.
Lan, Xiang, Zhou, Xu, McCarthy, Lauren A., Govorov, Alexander O., Liu, Yan, & Link, Stephan. DNA-Enabled Chiral Gold Nanoparticle–Chromophore Hybrid Structure with Resonant Plasmon–Exciton Coupling Gives Unusual and Strong Circular Dichroism. United States. doi:10.1021/jacs.9b08797.
Lan, Xiang, Zhou, Xu, McCarthy, Lauren A., Govorov, Alexander O., Liu, Yan, and Link, Stephan. Thu . "DNA-Enabled Chiral Gold Nanoparticle–Chromophore Hybrid Structure with Resonant Plasmon–Exciton Coupling Gives Unusual and Strong Circular Dichroism". United States. doi:10.1021/jacs.9b08797. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1596647.
@article{osti_1596647,
title = {DNA-Enabled Chiral Gold Nanoparticle–Chromophore Hybrid Structure with Resonant Plasmon–Exciton Coupling Gives Unusual and Strong Circular Dichroism},
author = {Lan, Xiang and Zhou, Xu and McCarthy, Lauren A. and Govorov, Alexander O. and Liu, Yan and Link, Stephan},
abstractNote = {Circular dichroism (CD) from hybrid complexes of plasmonic nanostructures and chiral molecules has recently attracted significant interest. Yet, the hierarchical chiral self-assembly of molecules on surfaces of metal nanostructures has remained challenging. As a result, a deep understanding of plasmon–exciton coupling between surface plasmons and chiral collective molecular excitations has not been achieved. In particular, the critical impact of resonant plasmon–exciton coupling within the hybrid is unclear. Here, we employed DNA-templated strategies to control the chiral self-assembly of achiral chromophores with rationally tuned exciton transitions on gold nanosphere (AuNP) or gold nanorod (AuNR) surfaces. Unlike many previous chiral plasmonic hybrids utilizing chiral biomolecules with CD signals in the UV range, we designed structures with the chiral excitonic resonances at visible wavelengths. The constructed hybrid complexes displayed strong chiroptical activity that depends on the spectral overlap between the chiral collective molecular excitations and the plasmon resonances. We find that when spectral overlap is optimized, the molecular CD signal originating from the chiral self-assemblies of chromophores was strongly enhanced (maximum enhancement of nearly an order of magnitude) and a plasmonic CD signal was induced. Surprisingly, the sign of the molecular CD was reversed despite different self-assembly mechanisms of the Au nanoparticle–chromophore hybrids. Our findings offer new insight into plasmonic CD enhancements and will inspire further studies on chiral light–matter interactions in strongly coupled plasmonic–excitonic systems.},
doi = {10.1021/jacs.9b08797},
journal = {Journal of the American Chemical Society},
issn = {0002-7863},
number = 49,
volume = 141,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {11}
}

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