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Title: Roles of irrigation and reservoir operations in modulating terrestrial water and energy budgets in the Indian subcontinental river basins

Abstract

Water management activities affect the terrestrial water cycle by increasing water supply and hence changing the partitioning of surface water and energy budgets over irrigated agricultural land, as well as modifying streamflow seasonality through reservoir operations (for irrigation, hydropower generation, and other purposes). Indian sub-continental basins are strongly influenced by human activities. However, the dynamics of how anthropogenic activities interact with the terrestrial water cycle have not been sufficiently studied over Indian sub-continental Basins. In this study, we applied a well-evaluated water management model, coupled with a large-scale land surface hydrological model with irrigation and reservoir operation schemes to examine the impacts of irrigation and reservoir operations on terrestrial water budgets over the Indian sub-continental basins. We conducted two simulations: one NATURAL (i.e., no irrigation and no reservoirs) and water management scenario (i.e., with irrigation and with reservoir regulations, referred to as MANAGED) over 18 basins from 1951 to 2012. The water management impacts were evaluated by comparing a number of key water and energy budget terms such as evapotranspiration (ET), total runoff (TR), land surface temperature (LST), reservoir storage, and discharge. Our results show that water management activities have significant (p-value < 0.05) impacts on ET and LST inmore » most of the river basins during the pre-monsoon season (February-May). Comparing to the NATURAL scenario, ET under the MANAGED scenario is significantly increased in most basins during pre- and post-monsoon seasons especially in semi-arid regions, and LST is reduced predominately in the pre-monsoon season when irrigation water demand is high.« less

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [2]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3]
  1. UNIVERSITY PROGRAMS
  2. BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)
  3. Indian Institute of Technology
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1596073
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-140765
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 124; Journal Issue: 23
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Shah, Harsh L., Zhou, Tian, Sun, Ning, Huang, Maoyi, and Mishra, Vimal. Roles of irrigation and reservoir operations in modulating terrestrial water and energy budgets in the Indian subcontinental river basins. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1029/2019JD031059.
Shah, Harsh L., Zhou, Tian, Sun, Ning, Huang, Maoyi, & Mishra, Vimal. Roles of irrigation and reservoir operations in modulating terrestrial water and energy budgets in the Indian subcontinental river basins. United States. doi:10.1029/2019JD031059.
Shah, Harsh L., Zhou, Tian, Sun, Ning, Huang, Maoyi, and Mishra, Vimal. Mon . "Roles of irrigation and reservoir operations in modulating terrestrial water and energy budgets in the Indian subcontinental river basins". United States. doi:10.1029/2019JD031059.
@article{osti_1596073,
title = {Roles of irrigation and reservoir operations in modulating terrestrial water and energy budgets in the Indian subcontinental river basins},
author = {Shah, Harsh L. and Zhou, Tian and Sun, Ning and Huang, Maoyi and Mishra, Vimal},
abstractNote = {Water management activities affect the terrestrial water cycle by increasing water supply and hence changing the partitioning of surface water and energy budgets over irrigated agricultural land, as well as modifying streamflow seasonality through reservoir operations (for irrigation, hydropower generation, and other purposes). Indian sub-continental basins are strongly influenced by human activities. However, the dynamics of how anthropogenic activities interact with the terrestrial water cycle have not been sufficiently studied over Indian sub-continental Basins. In this study, we applied a well-evaluated water management model, coupled with a large-scale land surface hydrological model with irrigation and reservoir operation schemes to examine the impacts of irrigation and reservoir operations on terrestrial water budgets over the Indian sub-continental basins. We conducted two simulations: one NATURAL (i.e., no irrigation and no reservoirs) and water management scenario (i.e., with irrigation and with reservoir regulations, referred to as MANAGED) over 18 basins from 1951 to 2012. The water management impacts were evaluated by comparing a number of key water and energy budget terms such as evapotranspiration (ET), total runoff (TR), land surface temperature (LST), reservoir storage, and discharge. Our results show that water management activities have significant (p-value < 0.05) impacts on ET and LST in most of the river basins during the pre-monsoon season (February-May). Comparing to the NATURAL scenario, ET under the MANAGED scenario is significantly increased in most basins during pre- and post-monsoon seasons especially in semi-arid regions, and LST is reduced predominately in the pre-monsoon season when irrigation water demand is high.},
doi = {10.1029/2019JD031059},
journal = {Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres)},
number = 23,
volume = 124,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {12}
}

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