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Title: Search for a Light Sterile Neutrino at Daya Bay

Abstract

In this study, a search for light sterile neutrino mixing was performed with the first 217 days of data from the Daya Bay Reactor Antineutrino Experiment. The experiment’s unique configuration of multiple baselines from six 2.9 GW th nuclear reactors to six antineutrino detectors deployed in two near (effective baselines 512 m and 561 m) and one far (1579 m) underground experimental halls makes it possible to test for oscillations to a fourth (sterile) neutrino in the 10 - 3 eV 2 < | Δ m 41 2 | < 0.3 eV 2 range. The relative spectral distortion due to the disappearance of electron antineutrinos was found to be consistent with that of the three-flavor oscillation model. The derived limits on sin 2 2 θ 14 cover the 10 - 3 eV 2 | Δ m 41 2 | 0.1 eV 2 region, which was largely unexplored.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ. (Virginia Tech), Blacksburg, VA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP)
Contributing Org.:
Daya Bay Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1594444
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1180441
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0009973
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 113; Journal Issue: 14; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

Citation Formats

An, F. P., Balantekin, A. B., Band, H. R., Beriguete, W., Bishai, M., Blyth, S., Butorov, I., Cao, G. F., Cao, J., Chan, Y. L., Chang, J. F., Chang, L. C., Chang, Y., Chasman, C., Chen, H., Chen, Q. Y., Chen, S. M., Chen, X., Chen, X., Chen, Y. X., Chen, Y., Cheng, Y. P., Cherwinka, J. J., Chu, M. C., Cummings, J. P., de Arcos, J., Deng, Z. Y., Ding, Y. Y., Diwan, M. V., Draeger, E., Du, X. F., Dwyer, D. A., Edwards, W. R., Ely, S. R., Fu, J. Y., Ge, L. Q., Gill, R., Gonchar, M., Gong, G. H., Gong, H., Grassi, M., Gu, W. Q., Guan, M. Y., Guo, X. H., Hackenburg, R. W., Han, G. H., Hans, S., He, M., Heeger, K. M., Heng, Y. K., Hinrichs, P., Hor, Y. K., Hsiung, Y. B., Hu, B. Z., Hu, L. M., Hu, L. J., Hu, T., Hu, W., Huang, E. C., Huang, H., Huang, X. T., Huber, P., Hussain, G., Isvan, Z., Jaffe, D. E., Jaffke, P., Jen, K. L., Jetter, S., Ji, X. P., Ji, X. L., Jiang, H. J., Jiao, J. B., Johnson, R. A., Kang, L., Kettell, S. H., Kramer, M., Kwan, K. K., Kwok, M. W., Kwok, T., Lai, W. C., Lau, K., Lebanowski, L., Lee, J., Lei, R. T., Leitner, R., Leung, A., Leung, J. K. C., Lewis, C. A., Li, D. J., Li, F., Li, G. S., Li, Q. J., Li, W. D., Li, X. N., Li, X. Q., Li, Y. F., Li, Z. B., Liang, H., Lin, C. J., Lin, G. L., Lin, P. Y., Lin, S. K., Lin, Y. C., Ling, J. J., Link, J. M., Littenberg, L., Littlejohn, B. R., Liu, D. W., Liu, H., Liu, J. L., Liu, J. C., Liu, S. S., Liu, Y. B., Lu, C., Lu, H. Q., Luk, K. B., Ma, Q. M., Ma, X. Y., Ma, X. B., Ma, Y. Q., McDonald, K. T., McFarlane, M. C., McKeown, R. D., Meng, Y., Mitchell, I., Monari Kebwaro, J., Nakajima, Y., Napolitano, J., Naumov, D., Naumova, E., Nemchenok, I., Ngai, H. Y., Ning, Z., Ochoa-Ricoux, J. P., Olshevski, A., Patton, S., Pec, V., Peng, J. C., Piilonen, L. E., Pinsky, L., Pun, C. S. J., Qi, F. Z., Qi, M., Qian, X., Raper, N., Ren, B., Ren, J., Rosero, R., Roskovec, B., Ruan, X. C., Shao, B. B., Steiner, H., Sun, G. X., Sun, J. L., Tam, Y. H., Tang, X., Themann, H., Tsang, K. V., Tsang, R. H. M., Tull, C. E., Tung, Y. C., Viren, B., Vorobel, V., Wang, C. H., Wang, L. S., Wang, L. Y., Wang, M., Wang, N. Y., Wang, R. G., Wang, W., Wang, W. W., Wang, X., Wang, Y. F., Wang, Z., Wang, Z., Wang, Z. M., Webber, D. M., Wei, H. Y., Wei, Y. D., Wen, L. J., Whisnant, K., White, C. G., Whitehead, L., Wise, T., Wong, H. L. H., Wong, S. C. F., Worcester, E., Wu, Q., Xia, D. M., Xia, J. K., Xia, X., Xing, Z. Z., Xu, J. Y., Xu, J. L., Xu, J., Xu, Y., Xue, T., Yan, J., Yang, C. C., Yang, L., Yang, M. S., Yang, M. T., Ye, M., Yeh, M., Yeh, Y. S., Young, B. L., Yu, G. Y., Yu, J. Y., Yu, Z. Y., Zang, S. L., Zeng, B., Zhan, L., Zhang, C., Zhang, F. H., Zhang, J. W., Zhang, Q. M., Zhang, Q., Zhang, S. H., Zhang, Y. C., Zhang, Y. M., Zhang, Y. H., Zhang, Y. X., Zhang, Z. J., Zhang, Z. Y., Zhang, Z. P., Zhao, J., Zhao, Q. W., Zhao, Y., Zhao, Y. B., Zheng, L., Zhong, W. L., Zhou, L., Zhou, Z. Y., Zhuang, H. L., and Zou, J. H. Search for a Light Sterile Neutrino at Daya Bay. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.113.141802.
An, F. P., Balantekin, A. B., Band, H. R., Beriguete, W., Bishai, M., Blyth, S., Butorov, I., Cao, G. F., Cao, J., Chan, Y. L., Chang, J. F., Chang, L. C., Chang, Y., Chasman, C., Chen, H., Chen, Q. Y., Chen, S. M., Chen, X., Chen, X., Chen, Y. X., Chen, Y., Cheng, Y. P., Cherwinka, J. J., Chu, M. C., Cummings, J. P., de Arcos, J., Deng, Z. Y., Ding, Y. Y., Diwan, M. V., Draeger, E., Du, X. F., Dwyer, D. A., Edwards, W. R., Ely, S. R., Fu, J. Y., Ge, L. Q., Gill, R., Gonchar, M., Gong, G. H., Gong, H., Grassi, M., Gu, W. Q., Guan, M. Y., Guo, X. H., Hackenburg, R. W., Han, G. H., Hans, S., He, M., Heeger, K. M., Heng, Y. K., Hinrichs, P., Hor, Y. K., Hsiung, Y. B., Hu, B. Z., Hu, L. M., Hu, L. J., Hu, T., Hu, W., Huang, E. C., Huang, H., Huang, X. T., Huber, P., Hussain, G., Isvan, Z., Jaffe, D. E., Jaffke, P., Jen, K. L., Jetter, S., Ji, X. P., Ji, X. L., Jiang, H. J., Jiao, J. B., Johnson, R. A., Kang, L., Kettell, S. H., Kramer, M., Kwan, K. K., Kwok, M. W., Kwok, T., Lai, W. C., Lau, K., Lebanowski, L., Lee, J., Lei, R. T., Leitner, R., Leung, A., Leung, J. K. C., Lewis, C. A., Li, D. J., Li, F., Li, G. S., Li, Q. J., Li, W. D., Li, X. N., Li, X. Q., Li, Y. F., Li, Z. B., Liang, H., Lin, C. J., Lin, G. L., Lin, P. Y., Lin, S. K., Lin, Y. C., Ling, J. J., Link, J. M., Littenberg, L., Littlejohn, B. R., Liu, D. W., Liu, H., Liu, J. L., Liu, J. C., Liu, S. S., Liu, Y. B., Lu, C., Lu, H. Q., Luk, K. B., Ma, Q. M., Ma, X. Y., Ma, X. B., Ma, Y. Q., McDonald, K. T., McFarlane, M. C., McKeown, R. D., Meng, Y., Mitchell, I., Monari Kebwaro, J., Nakajima, Y., Napolitano, J., Naumov, D., Naumova, E., Nemchenok, I., Ngai, H. Y., Ning, Z., Ochoa-Ricoux, J. P., Olshevski, A., Patton, S., Pec, V., Peng, J. C., Piilonen, L. E., Pinsky, L., Pun, C. S. J., Qi, F. Z., Qi, M., Qian, X., Raper, N., Ren, B., Ren, J., Rosero, R., Roskovec, B., Ruan, X. C., Shao, B. B., Steiner, H., Sun, G. X., Sun, J. L., Tam, Y. H., Tang, X., Themann, H., Tsang, K. V., Tsang, R. H. M., Tull, C. E., Tung, Y. C., Viren, B., Vorobel, V., Wang, C. H., Wang, L. S., Wang, L. Y., Wang, M., Wang, N. Y., Wang, R. G., Wang, W., Wang, W. W., Wang, X., Wang, Y. F., Wang, Z., Wang, Z., Wang, Z. M., Webber, D. M., Wei, H. Y., Wei, Y. D., Wen, L. J., Whisnant, K., White, C. G., Whitehead, L., Wise, T., Wong, H. L. H., Wong, S. C. F., Worcester, E., Wu, Q., Xia, D. M., Xia, J. K., Xia, X., Xing, Z. Z., Xu, J. Y., Xu, J. L., Xu, J., Xu, Y., Xue, T., Yan, J., Yang, C. C., Yang, L., Yang, M. S., Yang, M. T., Ye, M., Yeh, M., Yeh, Y. S., Young, B. L., Yu, G. Y., Yu, J. Y., Yu, Z. Y., Zang, S. L., Zeng, B., Zhan, L., Zhang, C., Zhang, F. H., Zhang, J. W., Zhang, Q. M., Zhang, Q., Zhang, S. H., Zhang, Y. C., Zhang, Y. M., Zhang, Y. H., Zhang, Y. X., Zhang, Z. J., Zhang, Z. Y., Zhang, Z. P., Zhao, J., Zhao, Q. W., Zhao, Y., Zhao, Y. B., Zheng, L., Zhong, W. L., Zhou, L., Zhou, Z. Y., Zhuang, H. L., & Zou, J. H. Search for a Light Sterile Neutrino at Daya Bay. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.113.141802.
An, F. P., Balantekin, A. B., Band, H. R., Beriguete, W., Bishai, M., Blyth, S., Butorov, I., Cao, G. F., Cao, J., Chan, Y. L., Chang, J. F., Chang, L. C., Chang, Y., Chasman, C., Chen, H., Chen, Q. Y., Chen, S. M., Chen, X., Chen, X., Chen, Y. X., Chen, Y., Cheng, Y. P., Cherwinka, J. J., Chu, M. C., Cummings, J. P., de Arcos, J., Deng, Z. Y., Ding, Y. Y., Diwan, M. V., Draeger, E., Du, X. F., Dwyer, D. A., Edwards, W. R., Ely, S. R., Fu, J. Y., Ge, L. Q., Gill, R., Gonchar, M., Gong, G. H., Gong, H., Grassi, M., Gu, W. Q., Guan, M. Y., Guo, X. H., Hackenburg, R. W., Han, G. H., Hans, S., He, M., Heeger, K. M., Heng, Y. K., Hinrichs, P., Hor, Y. K., Hsiung, Y. B., Hu, B. Z., Hu, L. M., Hu, L. J., Hu, T., Hu, W., Huang, E. C., Huang, H., Huang, X. T., Huber, P., Hussain, G., Isvan, Z., Jaffe, D. E., Jaffke, P., Jen, K. L., Jetter, S., Ji, X. P., Ji, X. L., Jiang, H. J., Jiao, J. B., Johnson, R. A., Kang, L., Kettell, S. H., Kramer, M., Kwan, K. K., Kwok, M. W., Kwok, T., Lai, W. C., Lau, K., Lebanowski, L., Lee, J., Lei, R. T., Leitner, R., Leung, A., Leung, J. K. C., Lewis, C. A., Li, D. J., Li, F., Li, G. S., Li, Q. J., Li, W. D., Li, X. N., Li, X. Q., Li, Y. F., Li, Z. B., Liang, H., Lin, C. J., Lin, G. L., Lin, P. Y., Lin, S. K., Lin, Y. C., Ling, J. J., Link, J. M., Littenberg, L., Littlejohn, B. R., Liu, D. W., Liu, H., Liu, J. L., Liu, J. C., Liu, S. S., Liu, Y. B., Lu, C., Lu, H. Q., Luk, K. B., Ma, Q. M., Ma, X. Y., Ma, X. B., Ma, Y. Q., McDonald, K. T., McFarlane, M. C., McKeown, R. D., Meng, Y., Mitchell, I., Monari Kebwaro, J., Nakajima, Y., Napolitano, J., Naumov, D., Naumova, E., Nemchenok, I., Ngai, H. Y., Ning, Z., Ochoa-Ricoux, J. P., Olshevski, A., Patton, S., Pec, V., Peng, J. C., Piilonen, L. E., Pinsky, L., Pun, C. S. J., Qi, F. Z., Qi, M., Qian, X., Raper, N., Ren, B., Ren, J., Rosero, R., Roskovec, B., Ruan, X. C., Shao, B. B., Steiner, H., Sun, G. X., Sun, J. L., Tam, Y. H., Tang, X., Themann, H., Tsang, K. V., Tsang, R. H. M., Tull, C. E., Tung, Y. C., Viren, B., Vorobel, V., Wang, C. H., Wang, L. S., Wang, L. Y., Wang, M., Wang, N. Y., Wang, R. G., Wang, W., Wang, W. W., Wang, X., Wang, Y. F., Wang, Z., Wang, Z., Wang, Z. M., Webber, D. M., Wei, H. Y., Wei, Y. D., Wen, L. J., Whisnant, K., White, C. G., Whitehead, L., Wise, T., Wong, H. L. H., Wong, S. C. F., Worcester, E., Wu, Q., Xia, D. M., Xia, J. K., Xia, X., Xing, Z. Z., Xu, J. Y., Xu, J. L., Xu, J., Xu, Y., Xue, T., Yan, J., Yang, C. C., Yang, L., Yang, M. S., Yang, M. T., Ye, M., Yeh, M., Yeh, Y. S., Young, B. L., Yu, G. Y., Yu, J. Y., Yu, Z. Y., Zang, S. L., Zeng, B., Zhan, L., Zhang, C., Zhang, F. H., Zhang, J. W., Zhang, Q. M., Zhang, Q., Zhang, S. H., Zhang, Y. C., Zhang, Y. M., Zhang, Y. H., Zhang, Y. X., Zhang, Z. J., Zhang, Z. Y., Zhang, Z. P., Zhao, J., Zhao, Q. W., Zhao, Y., Zhao, Y. B., Zheng, L., Zhong, W. L., Zhou, L., Zhou, Z. Y., Zhuang, H. L., and Zou, J. H. Wed . "Search for a Light Sterile Neutrino at Daya Bay". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.113.141802. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1594444.
@article{osti_1594444,
title = {Search for a Light Sterile Neutrino at Daya Bay},
author = {An, F. P. and Balantekin, A. B. and Band, H. R. and Beriguete, W. and Bishai, M. and Blyth, S. and Butorov, I. and Cao, G. F. and Cao, J. and Chan, Y. L. and Chang, J. F. and Chang, L. C. and Chang, Y. and Chasman, C. and Chen, H. and Chen, Q. Y. and Chen, S. M. and Chen, X. and Chen, X. and Chen, Y. X. and Chen, Y. and Cheng, Y. P. and Cherwinka, J. J. and Chu, M. C. and Cummings, J. P. and de Arcos, J. and Deng, Z. Y. and Ding, Y. Y. and Diwan, M. V. and Draeger, E. and Du, X. F. and Dwyer, D. A. and Edwards, W. R. and Ely, S. R. and Fu, J. Y. and Ge, L. Q. and Gill, R. and Gonchar, M. and Gong, G. H. and Gong, H. and Grassi, M. and Gu, W. Q. and Guan, M. Y. and Guo, X. H. and Hackenburg, R. W. and Han, G. H. and Hans, S. and He, M. and Heeger, K. M. and Heng, Y. K. and Hinrichs, P. and Hor, Y. K. and Hsiung, Y. B. and Hu, B. Z. and Hu, L. M. and Hu, L. J. and Hu, T. and Hu, W. and Huang, E. C. and Huang, H. and Huang, X. T. and Huber, P. and Hussain, G. and Isvan, Z. and Jaffe, D. E. and Jaffke, P. and Jen, K. L. and Jetter, S. and Ji, X. P. and Ji, X. L. and Jiang, H. J. and Jiao, J. B. and Johnson, R. A. and Kang, L. and Kettell, S. H. and Kramer, M. and Kwan, K. K. and Kwok, M. W. and Kwok, T. and Lai, W. C. and Lau, K. and Lebanowski, L. and Lee, J. and Lei, R. T. and Leitner, R. and Leung, A. and Leung, J. K. C. and Lewis, C. A. and Li, D. J. and Li, F. and Li, G. S. and Li, Q. J. and Li, W. D. and Li, X. N. and Li, X. Q. and Li, Y. F. and Li, Z. B. and Liang, H. and Lin, C. J. and Lin, G. L. and Lin, P. Y. and Lin, S. K. and Lin, Y. C. and Ling, J. J. and Link, J. M. and Littenberg, L. and Littlejohn, B. R. and Liu, D. W. and Liu, H. and Liu, J. L. and Liu, J. C. and Liu, S. S. and Liu, Y. B. and Lu, C. and Lu, H. Q. and Luk, K. B. and Ma, Q. M. and Ma, X. Y. and Ma, X. B. and Ma, Y. Q. and McDonald, K. T. and McFarlane, M. C. and McKeown, R. D. and Meng, Y. and Mitchell, I. and Monari Kebwaro, J. and Nakajima, Y. and Napolitano, J. and Naumov, D. and Naumova, E. and Nemchenok, I. and Ngai, H. Y. and Ning, Z. and Ochoa-Ricoux, J. P. and Olshevski, A. and Patton, S. and Pec, V. and Peng, J. C. and Piilonen, L. E. and Pinsky, L. and Pun, C. S. J. and Qi, F. Z. and Qi, M. and Qian, X. and Raper, N. and Ren, B. and Ren, J. and Rosero, R. and Roskovec, B. and Ruan, X. C. and Shao, B. B. and Steiner, H. and Sun, G. X. and Sun, J. L. and Tam, Y. H. and Tang, X. and Themann, H. and Tsang, K. V. and Tsang, R. H. M. and Tull, C. E. and Tung, Y. C. and Viren, B. and Vorobel, V. and Wang, C. H. and Wang, L. S. and Wang, L. Y. and Wang, M. and Wang, N. Y. and Wang, R. G. and Wang, W. and Wang, W. W. and Wang, X. and Wang, Y. F. and Wang, Z. and Wang, Z. and Wang, Z. M. and Webber, D. M. and Wei, H. Y. and Wei, Y. D. and Wen, L. J. and Whisnant, K. and White, C. G. and Whitehead, L. and Wise, T. and Wong, H. L. H. and Wong, S. C. F. and Worcester, E. and Wu, Q. and Xia, D. M. and Xia, J. K. and Xia, X. and Xing, Z. Z. and Xu, J. Y. and Xu, J. L. and Xu, J. and Xu, Y. and Xue, T. and Yan, J. and Yang, C. C. and Yang, L. and Yang, M. S. and Yang, M. T. and Ye, M. and Yeh, M. and Yeh, Y. S. and Young, B. L. and Yu, G. Y. and Yu, J. Y. and Yu, Z. Y. and Zang, S. L. and Zeng, B. and Zhan, L. and Zhang, C. and Zhang, F. H. and Zhang, J. W. and Zhang, Q. M. and Zhang, Q. and Zhang, S. H. and Zhang, Y. C. and Zhang, Y. M. and Zhang, Y. H. and Zhang, Y. X. and Zhang, Z. J. and Zhang, Z. Y. and Zhang, Z. P. and Zhao, J. and Zhao, Q. W. and Zhao, Y. and Zhao, Y. B. and Zheng, L. and Zhong, W. L. and Zhou, L. and Zhou, Z. Y. and Zhuang, H. L. and Zou, J. H.},
abstractNote = {In this study, a search for light sterile neutrino mixing was performed with the first 217 days of data from the Daya Bay Reactor Antineutrino Experiment. The experiment’s unique configuration of multiple baselines from six 2.9 GWth nuclear reactors to six antineutrino detectors deployed in two near (effective baselines 512 m and 561 m) and one far (1579 m) underground experimental halls makes it possible to test for oscillations to a fourth (sterile) neutrino in the 10-3 eV2<|Δm412|<0.3 eV2 range. The relative spectral distortion due to the disappearance of electron antineutrinos was found to be consistent with that of the three-flavor oscillation model. The derived limits on sin22θ14 cover the 10-3 eV2≲|Δm412|≲0.1 eV2 region, which was largely unexplored.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.113.141802},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
issn = {0031-9007},
number = 14,
volume = 113,
place = {United States},
year = {2014},
month = {10}
}

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A side-by-side comparison of Daya Bay antineutrino detectors
journal, September 2012

  • An, F. P.; An, Q.; Bai, J. Z.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 685
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2012.05.030

Remarks on the Unified Model of Elementary Particles
journal, November 1962

  • Maki, Ziro; Nakagawa, Masami; Sakata, Shoichi
  • Progress of Theoretical Physics, Vol. 28, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1143/PTP.28.870

Measurement of the solar neutrino capture rate with gallium metal. III. Results for the 2002–2007 data-taking period
journal, July 2009


Dual baseline search for muon antineutrino disappearance at 0.1 eV 2 < Δ m 2 < 100 eV 2
journal, September 2012


Sterile neutrino oscillations after first MiniBooNE results
journal, November 2007


Light sterile neutrinos after BICEP-2
journal, June 2014

  • Archidiacono, Maria; Fornengo, Nicolao; Gariazzo, Stefano
  • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2014, Issue 06
  • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2014/06/031

Statistical significance of the gallium anomaly
journal, June 2011


A search for νμ oscillations in the Δm2 range 0.3–90 eV2
journal, January 1984


Update of short-baseline electron neutrino and antineutrino disappearance
journal, December 2012


Dual baseline search for muon neutrino disappearance at 0.5 eV 2 < Δ m 2 < 40 eV 2
journal, February 2012


Probing light sterile neutrinos in medium baseline reactor experiments
journal, October 2013


Constraining sterile neutrinos using reactor neutrino experiments
journal, August 2014

  • Girardi, Ivan; Melon, Davide; Ohlsson, Tommy
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2014, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP08(2014)057

Detection of B -Mode Polarization at Degree Angular Scales by BICEP2
journal, June 2014


Reactor antineutrino anomaly
journal, April 2011


Presentation of search results: the CL s technique
journal, September 2002


Evidence for Massive Neutrinos from Cosmic Microwave Background and Lensing Observations
journal, February 2014


Neutrinos Help Reconcile Planck Measurements with the Local Universe
journal, February 2014


Unified approach to the classical statistical analysis of small signals
journal, April 1998


Active to Sterile Neutrino Mixing Limits from Neutral-Current Interactions in MINOS
journal, June 2011