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Title: Oriented Attachment Induces Fivefold Twins by Forming and Decomposing High-Energy Grain Boundaries

Abstract

The occurrence of 5-fold twinned nanoparticles, commonly observed in both natural and synthetic crystalline materials, leads to unique properties. However, nearly 200 years after their discovery, the formation mechanism is still ambiguous. Using in situ high-resolution transmission electron microscopy combined with molecular dynamics simulations, we demonstrate that 5-fold twinning occurs via repeated oriented attachment of ~3 nm gold, platinum, and palladium nanoparticles. These attachment events create regions of negative curvature and high-energy grain boundaries, which then accumulate strain as surface diffusion and other atomic rearrangements eliminate the curvature. To relieve the strain, the boundaries decompose via nucleation and growth of a special class of twins whose net strain is zero. The results provide a quantitative understanding of the 5-fold twinning process; this knowledge provides guidance for interpreting and controlling twin structures and morphologies of a wide range of materials, including metals and oxides.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)
  2. Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  3. University of Michigan
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1592426
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-149217
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 367; Journal Issue: 6473
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Song, Miao, Zhou, Gang, Lu, Ning, Lee, Jaewon, Nakouzi, Elias, Wang, Hao, and Li, Dongsheng. Oriented Attachment Induces Fivefold Twins by Forming and Decomposing High-Energy Grain Boundaries. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1126/science.aax6511.
Song, Miao, Zhou, Gang, Lu, Ning, Lee, Jaewon, Nakouzi, Elias, Wang, Hao, & Li, Dongsheng. Oriented Attachment Induces Fivefold Twins by Forming and Decomposing High-Energy Grain Boundaries. United States. doi:10.1126/science.aax6511.
Song, Miao, Zhou, Gang, Lu, Ning, Lee, Jaewon, Nakouzi, Elias, Wang, Hao, and Li, Dongsheng. Fri . "Oriented Attachment Induces Fivefold Twins by Forming and Decomposing High-Energy Grain Boundaries". United States. doi:10.1126/science.aax6511.
@article{osti_1592426,
title = {Oriented Attachment Induces Fivefold Twins by Forming and Decomposing High-Energy Grain Boundaries},
author = {Song, Miao and Zhou, Gang and Lu, Ning and Lee, Jaewon and Nakouzi, Elias and Wang, Hao and Li, Dongsheng},
abstractNote = {The occurrence of 5-fold twinned nanoparticles, commonly observed in both natural and synthetic crystalline materials, leads to unique properties. However, nearly 200 years after their discovery, the formation mechanism is still ambiguous. Using in situ high-resolution transmission electron microscopy combined with molecular dynamics simulations, we demonstrate that 5-fold twinning occurs via repeated oriented attachment of ~3 nm gold, platinum, and palladium nanoparticles. These attachment events create regions of negative curvature and high-energy grain boundaries, which then accumulate strain as surface diffusion and other atomic rearrangements eliminate the curvature. To relieve the strain, the boundaries decompose via nucleation and growth of a special class of twins whose net strain is zero. The results provide a quantitative understanding of the 5-fold twinning process; this knowledge provides guidance for interpreting and controlling twin structures and morphologies of a wide range of materials, including metals and oxides.},
doi = {10.1126/science.aax6511},
journal = {Science},
number = 6473,
volume = 367,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {1}
}

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