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Title: Semitransparent Sb 2S 3 thin film solar cells by ultrasonic spray pyrolysis for use in solar windows

Abstract

The integration of photovoltaic (PV) solar energy in zero-energy buildings requires durable and efficient solar windows composed of lightweight and semitransparent thin film solar cells. Inorganic materials with a high optical absorption coefficient, such as Sb 2S 3(>10 5cm -1 at 450 nm), offer semitransparency, appreciable efficiency, and long-term durability at low cost. Oxide-free throughout the Sb 2S 3 layer thickness, as confirmed by combined studies of energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and synchrotron soft X-ray emission spectroscopy, semitransparent Sb 2S 3 thin films can be rapidly grown in air by the area-scalable ultrasonic spray pyrolysis method. Integrated into a ITO/TiO 2/Sb 2S 3/P3HT/Au solar cell, a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 5.5% at air mass 1.5 global (AM1.5G) is achieved, which is a record among spray-deposited Sb 2S 3 solar cells. An average visible transparency (AVT) of 26% of the back-contact-less ITO/TiO 2/Sb 2S 3solar cell stack in the wavelength range of 380–740 nm is attained by tuning the Sb 2S 3 absorber thickness to 100 nm. In scale-up from mm 2to cm 2areas, the Sb 2S 3hybrid solar cells show a decrease in efficiency of only 3.2% for an 88 mm 2Sb 2S 3 solar cell, which retains 70%more » relative efficiency after one year of non-encapsulated storage. A cell with a PCE of 3.9% at 1 sun shows a PCE of 7.4% at 0.1 sun, attesting to the applicability of these solar cells for light harvesting under cloud cover.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [3]; ORCiD logo [4];  [1];  [1]
  1. Tallinn Univ. of Technology, Ehitajate (Estonia)
  2. Tallinn Univ. of Technology, Ehitajate (Estonia); Univ. of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV (United States)
  3. Univ. of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV (United States); Karlsruhe Inst. of Technology (KIT), Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany)
  4. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Advanced Light Source (ALS)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1591802
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 2190-4286
Publisher:
Beilstein Institute
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; antimony sulfide; semitransparent solar cells; solar windows; thin films; ultrasonic spray pyrolysis

Citation Formats

Eensalu, Jako S., Katerski, Atanas, Kärber, Erki, Weinhardt, Lothar, Blum, Monika, Heske, Clemens, Yang, Wanli, Oja Acik, Ilona, and Krunks, Malle. Semitransparent Sb2S3 thin film solar cells by ultrasonic spray pyrolysis for use in solar windows. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.3762/bjnano.10.230.
Eensalu, Jako S., Katerski, Atanas, Kärber, Erki, Weinhardt, Lothar, Blum, Monika, Heske, Clemens, Yang, Wanli, Oja Acik, Ilona, & Krunks, Malle. Semitransparent Sb2S3 thin film solar cells by ultrasonic spray pyrolysis for use in solar windows. United States. doi:10.3762/bjnano.10.230.
Eensalu, Jako S., Katerski, Atanas, Kärber, Erki, Weinhardt, Lothar, Blum, Monika, Heske, Clemens, Yang, Wanli, Oja Acik, Ilona, and Krunks, Malle. Fri . "Semitransparent Sb2S3 thin film solar cells by ultrasonic spray pyrolysis for use in solar windows". United States. doi:10.3762/bjnano.10.230. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1591802.
@article{osti_1591802,
title = {Semitransparent Sb2S3 thin film solar cells by ultrasonic spray pyrolysis for use in solar windows},
author = {Eensalu, Jako S. and Katerski, Atanas and Kärber, Erki and Weinhardt, Lothar and Blum, Monika and Heske, Clemens and Yang, Wanli and Oja Acik, Ilona and Krunks, Malle},
abstractNote = {The integration of photovoltaic (PV) solar energy in zero-energy buildings requires durable and efficient solar windows composed of lightweight and semitransparent thin film solar cells. Inorganic materials with a high optical absorption coefficient, such as Sb2S3(>105cm-1 at 450 nm), offer semitransparency, appreciable efficiency, and long-term durability at low cost. Oxide-free throughout the Sb2S3 layer thickness, as confirmed by combined studies of energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and synchrotron soft X-ray emission spectroscopy, semitransparent Sb2S3 thin films can be rapidly grown in air by the area-scalable ultrasonic spray pyrolysis method. Integrated into a ITO/TiO 2/Sb2S3/P3HT/Au solar cell, a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 5.5% at air mass 1.5 global (AM1.5G) is achieved, which is a record among spray-deposited Sb2S3 solar cells. An average visible transparency (AVT) of 26% of the back-contact-less ITO/TiO2/Sb2S3solar cell stack in the wavelength range of 380–740 nm is attained by tuning the Sb2S3 absorber thickness to 100 nm. In scale-up from mm2to cm2areas, the Sb2S3hybrid solar cells show a decrease in efficiency of only 3.2% for an 88 mm2Sb2S3 solar cell, which retains 70% relative efficiency after one year of non-encapsulated storage. A cell with a PCE of 3.9% at 1 sun shows a PCE of 7.4% at 0.1 sun, attesting to the applicability of these solar cells for light harvesting under cloud cover.},
doi = {10.3762/bjnano.10.230},
journal = {Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology},
issn = {2190-4286},
number = ,
volume = 10,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {12}
}

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