skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Monitoring the state-of-charge of a vanadium redox flow battery with the acoustic attenuation coefficient: an in operando noninvasive method

Abstract

Redox flow battery technology has been increasingly recognized as a promising option for large-scale grid energy storage. Access to high-fidelity information on the health status of the electrolyte, including the state-of-charge (SOC), is vital to maintaining optimal and economical battery operation. In this study, an ultrasonic probing cell that can be used to measure SOC in real time is designed. This unprecedented, new measurement approach overcomes the influence of varying temperatures by measuring the acoustic attenuation coefficient of the redox flow battery electrolyte online and noninvasively. The new approach is used to estimate the SOC of a vanadium redox flow battery (VRFB) in operando from measured acoustic properties. The accuracy of the SOC estimated from the acoustic properties is validated against SOC calculated by the titration method. The results show that the acoustic attenuation coefficient is a robust parameter for SOC monitoring, with a maximum error of 4.8% and extremely low sensitivity to temperature, while sound speed appears to be less accurate in the benchmark-inference method, with a maximum error of 22.5% and high sensitivity to temperature. The acoustic measurement approach has great potential for inexpensive real-time SOC monitoring of redox flow battery operations.

Authors:
 [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1582585
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-141602
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Small Methods
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 3; Journal Issue: 12
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
state of charge, Vanadium flow battery, attenuation coefficient, ultrasonic probing

Citation Formats

Zang, Xiaoqin, Yan, Litao, Yang, Yang, Pan, Huilin, Nie, Zimin, Jung, Ki Won, Deng, Zhiqun, and Wang, Wei. Monitoring the state-of-charge of a vanadium redox flow battery with the acoustic attenuation coefficient: an in operando noninvasive method. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1002/smtd.201900494.
Zang, Xiaoqin, Yan, Litao, Yang, Yang, Pan, Huilin, Nie, Zimin, Jung, Ki Won, Deng, Zhiqun, & Wang, Wei. Monitoring the state-of-charge of a vanadium redox flow battery with the acoustic attenuation coefficient: an in operando noninvasive method. United States. doi:10.1002/smtd.201900494.
Zang, Xiaoqin, Yan, Litao, Yang, Yang, Pan, Huilin, Nie, Zimin, Jung, Ki Won, Deng, Zhiqun, and Wang, Wei. Wed . "Monitoring the state-of-charge of a vanadium redox flow battery with the acoustic attenuation coefficient: an in operando noninvasive method". United States. doi:10.1002/smtd.201900494.
@article{osti_1582585,
title = {Monitoring the state-of-charge of a vanadium redox flow battery with the acoustic attenuation coefficient: an in operando noninvasive method},
author = {Zang, Xiaoqin and Yan, Litao and Yang, Yang and Pan, Huilin and Nie, Zimin and Jung, Ki Won and Deng, Zhiqun and Wang, Wei},
abstractNote = {Redox flow battery technology has been increasingly recognized as a promising option for large-scale grid energy storage. Access to high-fidelity information on the health status of the electrolyte, including the state-of-charge (SOC), is vital to maintaining optimal and economical battery operation. In this study, an ultrasonic probing cell that can be used to measure SOC in real time is designed. This unprecedented, new measurement approach overcomes the influence of varying temperatures by measuring the acoustic attenuation coefficient of the redox flow battery electrolyte online and noninvasively. The new approach is used to estimate the SOC of a vanadium redox flow battery (VRFB) in operando from measured acoustic properties. The accuracy of the SOC estimated from the acoustic properties is validated against SOC calculated by the titration method. The results show that the acoustic attenuation coefficient is a robust parameter for SOC monitoring, with a maximum error of 4.8% and extremely low sensitivity to temperature, while sound speed appears to be less accurate in the benchmark-inference method, with a maximum error of 22.5% and high sensitivity to temperature. The acoustic measurement approach has great potential for inexpensive real-time SOC monitoring of redox flow battery operations.},
doi = {10.1002/smtd.201900494},
journal = {Small Methods},
number = 12,
volume = 3,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {12}
}

Works referenced in this record:

Electrical Energy Storage for the Grid: A Battery of Choices
journal, November 2011


Boosting vanadium flow battery performance by Nitrogen-doped carbon nanospheres electrocatalyst
journal, October 2016


Recent Progress in Redox Flow Battery Research and Development
journal, September 2012

  • Wang, Wei; Luo, Qingtao; Li, Bin
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 23, Issue 8, p. 970-986
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201200694

Batteries for Large-Scale Stationary Electrical Energy Storage
journal, January 2010

  • Doughty, Daniel H.; Butler, Paul C.; Akhil, Abbas A.
  • The Electrochemical Society Interface, Vol. 19, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.F05103if

Material design and engineering of next-generation flow-battery technologies
journal, November 2016


Nanorod Niobium Oxide as Powerful Catalysts for an All Vanadium Redox Flow Battery
journal, December 2013

  • Li, Bin; Gu, Meng; Nie, Zimin
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 14, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl403674a

ZrO 2 -Nanoparticle-Modified Graphite Felt: Bifunctional Effects on Vanadium Flow Batteries
journal, June 2016

  • Zhou, Haipeng; Shen, Yi; Xi, Jingyu
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 8, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.6b03761

Tunable Oxygen Functional Groups as Electrocatalysts on Graphite Felt Surfaces for All-Vanadium Flow Batteries
journal, May 2016


State of charge monitoring methods for vanadium redox flow battery control
journal, October 2011


Monitoring the State of Charge of Operating Vanadium Redox Flow Batteries
conference, January 2012

  • Tang, Zhijiang; Aaron, Douglas S.; Papandrew, Alexander B.
  • 220th ECS Meeting, ECS Transactions
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.3697449

Open circuit voltage of vanadium redox flow batteries: Discrepancy between models and experiments
journal, April 2011


Analysis and measurement of the electrolyte imbalance in a vanadium redox flow battery
journal, May 2015


State-of-charge monitoring for redox flow batteries: A symmetric open-circuit cell approach
journal, May 2019


State of charge monitoring of vanadium redox flow batteries using half cell potentials and electrolyte density
journal, February 2018


Measuring the state of charge of the electrolyte solution in a vanadium redox flow battery using a four-pole cell device
journal, December 2015


A novel ultrasonic velocity sensing approach to monitoring state of charge of vanadium redox flow battery
journal, November 2016


Towards Optical Monitoring of Vanadium Redox Flow Batteries (VRFBs): An Investigation of the Underlying Spectroscopy
journal, January 2014

  • Buckley, D. Noel; Gao, Xin; Lynch, Robert P.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 161, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.023404jes

Investigation on V(IV)/V(V) species in a vanadium redox flow battery
journal, August 2004


Study of vanadium(IV) species and corresponding electrochemical performance in concentrated sulfuric acid media
journal, November 2011


Spectroscopic Study of Vanadium Electrolytes in Vanadium Redox Flow Battery (VRFB)
journal, April 2013


State of charge monitoring for vanadium redox flow batteries by the transmission spectra of V(IV)/V(V) electrolytes
journal, September 2012


An on-line spectroscopic monitoring system for the electrolytes in vanadium redox flow batteries
journal, January 2015

  • Zhang, Wenhong; Liu, Le; Liu, Lin
  • RSC Advances, Vol. 5, Issue 121
  • DOI: 10.1039/C5RA21844F

Spectroscopic Measurement of State of Charge in Vanadium Flow Batteries with an Analytical Model of V IV -V V Absorbance
journal, September 2015

  • Petchsingh, Cattleya; Quill, Nathan; Joyce, Jennifer T.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 163, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.0091601jes

Estimation of State-of-Charge for Zinc-Bromine Flow Batteries by In Situ Raman Spectroscopy
journal, January 2017

  • Lee, Hyun Ju; Kim, Dong-Won; Yang, Jung Hoon
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 164, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.1231704jes

Electrochemical-acoustic time of flight: in operando correlation of physical dynamics with battery charge and health
journal, January 2015

  • Hsieh, A. G.; Bhadra, S.; Hertzberg, B. J.
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 8, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1039/C5EE00111K

Probing lithium-ion batteries' state-of-charge using ultrasonic transmission – Concept and laboratory testing
journal, March 2017


Sound Absorption in Sea Water
journal, June 1962

  • Schulkin, M.; Marsh, H. W.
  • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Vol. 34, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1121/1.1918213

Low-frequency sound absorption in the ocean
journal, January 1978

  • Schulkin, M.
  • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Vol. 63, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1121/1.381692

Investigation of chemical sound absorption in seawater by the resonator method: Part I
journal, July 1980

  • Mellen, R. H.; Browning, D. G.; Simmons, V. P.
  • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Vol. 68, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1121/1.384632

Capacity Decay and Remediation of Nafion-based All-Vanadium Redox Flow Batteries
journal, December 2012


Bismuth Nanoparticle Decorating Graphite Felt as a High-Performance Electrode for an All-Vanadium Redox Flow Battery
journal, February 2013

  • Li, Bin; Gu, Meng; Nie, Zimin
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 13, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl400223v

A New Fe/V Redox Flow Battery Using a Sulfuric/Chloric Mixed-Acid Supporting Electrolyte
journal, February 2012


Detection of capacity imbalance in vanadium electrolyte and its electrochemical regeneration for all-vanadium redox-flow batteries
journal, January 2016