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Title: Formation and Diagnostics of Collisionless Shocks in Laser-Produced Plasmas

Abstract

Collisions of supersonic flows occur frequently in astrophysics, and the resulting shock waves are responsible for the properties of many astrophysical phenomena, such as supernova remnants, Gamma Ray Bursts and jets from Active Galactic Nuclei. Because of the low density of astrophysical plasmas, the mean free path due to Coulomb collisions is typically very large; therefore, most shock waves in astrophysics are “collisionless” and form due to plasma instabilities and self‐generated magnetic fields. Laboratory experiments at DOE high energy density (HED) facilities can achieve the conditions necessary for the formation of collisionless shocks and will provide a unique avenue for studying the nonlinear physics of shock waves. This project investigates the parameters and experimental configurations needed for the creation of collisionless shocks in the laboratory experiments. This study is being performed with state of the art 3D kinetic plasma simulations. Recent advances in ab-initio particle-in-cell (PIC) simulations of astrophysical shocks enable us to simulate shock formation on timescales and in geometries relevant to the laboratory experiments. The main goal of the proposal is to ascertain which signatures of shock physics can be extracted from the realistic experiments, accounting for limitations imposed by finite spatial and time scales in the lab.more » To aid the interpretation of current and future experimental data, PIC simulation data have been analyzed using the same diagnostic techniques as used in the laboratory, such as proton radiography and neutronics, to unambiguously predict the experimental signatures of relevant collisionless shock phenomena.« less

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Princeton Univ., NJ (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) (SC-24)
OSTI Identifier:
1581990
Report Number(s):
123456
DOE Contract Number:  
SC0014405
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY

Citation Formats

Spitkovsky, Anatoly. Formation and Diagnostics of Collisionless Shocks in Laser-Produced Plasmas. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.2172/1581990.
Spitkovsky, Anatoly. Formation and Diagnostics of Collisionless Shocks in Laser-Produced Plasmas. United States. doi:10.2172/1581990.
Spitkovsky, Anatoly. Fri . "Formation and Diagnostics of Collisionless Shocks in Laser-Produced Plasmas". United States. doi:10.2172/1581990. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1581990.
@article{osti_1581990,
title = {Formation and Diagnostics of Collisionless Shocks in Laser-Produced Plasmas},
author = {Spitkovsky, Anatoly},
abstractNote = {Collisions of supersonic flows occur frequently in astrophysics, and the resulting shock waves are responsible for the properties of many astrophysical phenomena, such as supernova remnants, Gamma Ray Bursts and jets from Active Galactic Nuclei. Because of the low density of astrophysical plasmas, the mean free path due to Coulomb collisions is typically very large; therefore, most shock waves in astrophysics are “collisionless” and form due to plasma instabilities and self‐generated magnetic fields. Laboratory experiments at DOE high energy density (HED) facilities can achieve the conditions necessary for the formation of collisionless shocks and will provide a unique avenue for studying the nonlinear physics of shock waves. This project investigates the parameters and experimental configurations needed for the creation of collisionless shocks in the laboratory experiments. This study is being performed with state of the art 3D kinetic plasma simulations. Recent advances in ab-initio particle-in-cell (PIC) simulations of astrophysical shocks enable us to simulate shock formation on timescales and in geometries relevant to the laboratory experiments. The main goal of the proposal is to ascertain which signatures of shock physics can be extracted from the realistic experiments, accounting for limitations imposed by finite spatial and time scales in the lab. To aid the interpretation of current and future experimental data, PIC simulation data have been analyzed using the same diagnostic techniques as used in the laboratory, such as proton radiography and neutronics, to unambiguously predict the experimental signatures of relevant collisionless shock phenomena.},
doi = {10.2172/1581990},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {1}
}