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Title: Solvent-Based Absorption

Abstract

Solvent-based CO2 absorption processes are the oldest and most mature technology, having been deployed at what would be considered full-scale for post-combustion CO2 capture. There are many commercial 1st and 2nd generation technologies such as Econamine FG+, CANSOLV, Oase Blue, KS-1, with dozens if not hundreds of 3rd generation solvents that are been studied at varying stages of testing. While there are many solvents that are under development, nearly all solvents function on the same physical and chemical principles and it is not surprising that they all have similar configurations with somewhat comparable levels of performance. The enhancements in energy efficiency for solvents have come primarily from the engineering advancements over many decades of refinement, though surprisingly little has changed with respect to the molecular structure of solvents over the same period of time. In this chapter, we explain the tenets of solvent-based processes and provide a chronological timeline of solvents throughout their nearly 90-year history with discussions of why and how advancements in solvent efficiency have been achieved and we conclude with an outlook for the future of solvents and their place in CCUS.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1]
  1. BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1581618
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-137049
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Book
Country of Publication:
United Kingdom
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Heldebrant, David J., and Kothandaraman, Jotheeswari. Solvent-Based Absorption. United Kingdom: N. p., 2020. Web.
Heldebrant, David J., & Kothandaraman, Jotheeswari. Solvent-Based Absorption. United Kingdom.
Heldebrant, David J., and Kothandaraman, Jotheeswari. Thu . "Solvent-Based Absorption". United Kingdom.
@article{osti_1581618,
title = {Solvent-Based Absorption},
author = {Heldebrant, David J. and Kothandaraman, Jotheeswari},
abstractNote = {Solvent-based CO2 absorption processes are the oldest and most mature technology, having been deployed at what would be considered full-scale for post-combustion CO2 capture. There are many commercial 1st and 2nd generation technologies such as Econamine FG+, CANSOLV, Oase Blue, KS-1, with dozens if not hundreds of 3rd generation solvents that are been studied at varying stages of testing. While there are many solvents that are under development, nearly all solvents function on the same physical and chemical principles and it is not surprising that they all have similar configurations with somewhat comparable levels of performance. The enhancements in energy efficiency for solvents have come primarily from the engineering advancements over many decades of refinement, though surprisingly little has changed with respect to the molecular structure of solvents over the same period of time. In this chapter, we explain the tenets of solvent-based processes and provide a chronological timeline of solvents throughout their nearly 90-year history with discussions of why and how advancements in solvent efficiency have been achieved and we conclude with an outlook for the future of solvents and their place in CCUS.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United Kingdom},
year = {2020},
month = {1}
}

Book:
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