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Title: Intermediate-scale horizontal isoprene concentrations in the near-canopy forest atmosphere and implications for emission heterogeneity

Abstract

The emissions, deposition, and chemistry of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are thought to be influenced by underlying landscape heterogeneity at intermediate horizontal scales of several hundred meters across different forest subtypes within a tropical forest. Quantitative observations and scientific understanding at these scales, however, remain lacking, in large part due to a historical absence of canopy access and suitable observational approaches. Herein, horizontal heterogeneity in VOC concentrations in the near-canopy atmosphere was examined by sampling from an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) flown horizontally several hundred meters over the plateau and slope forests in central Amazonia during the morning and early afternoon periods of the wet season of 2018. Unlike terpene concentrations, the isoprene concentrations in the near-canopy atmosphere over the plateau forest were 60% greater than those over the slope forest. A gradient transport model constrained by the data suggests that isoprene emissions differed by 220 to 330% from these forest subtypes, which is in contrast to a 0% difference implemented in most present-day biosphere emissions models (i.e., homogeneous emissions). Finally, quantifying VOC concentrations, emissions, and other processes at intermediate horizontal scales is essential for understanding the ecological and Earth system roles of VOCs and representing them in climate andmore » air quality models.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [3];  [3];  [1];  [4]; ORCiD logo [5];  [6];  [7];  [8];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. National Inst. of Amazonian Research, Amazonas (Brazil); Amazonas State Univ. (Brazil)
  2. Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States)
  3. Amazonas State Univ. (Brazil)
  4. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  5. Univ. of California, Irvine, CA (United States); Hong Kong Univ. of Science and Technology (China)
  6. Univ. of California, Irvine, CA (United States)
  7. Colby College, Waterville, ME (United States)
  8. Federal Univ. of Technology, Paraná (Brazil)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC); Brazilian Federal Agency for Support and Evaluation of Graduate Education; Brazilian National Council for Scientific and Technological Development; Amazonas State Research Foundation; National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1581366
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231; 88881.187481/2018-01; 062.00568/2014; 062.00491/2016; AGS-1829025; AGS-1829074
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 116; Journal Issue: 39; Journal ID: ISSN 0027-8424
Publisher:
National Academy of Sciences
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; isoprene emissions; landscape heterogeneity; intermediate horizontal scales; Amazon tropical; forest; UAV measurements

Citation Formats

Batista, Carla E., Ye, Jianhuai, Ribeiro, Igor O., Guimarães, Patricia C., Medeiros, Adan S. S., Barbosa, Rafael G., Oliveira, Rafael L., Duvoisin, Sergio, Jardine, Kolby J., Gu, Dasa, Guenther, Alex B., McKinney, Karena A., Martins, Leila D., Souza, Rodrigo A. F., and Martin, Scot T. Intermediate-scale horizontal isoprene concentrations in the near-canopy forest atmosphere and implications for emission heterogeneity. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1073/pnas.1904154116.
Batista, Carla E., Ye, Jianhuai, Ribeiro, Igor O., Guimarães, Patricia C., Medeiros, Adan S. S., Barbosa, Rafael G., Oliveira, Rafael L., Duvoisin, Sergio, Jardine, Kolby J., Gu, Dasa, Guenther, Alex B., McKinney, Karena A., Martins, Leila D., Souza, Rodrigo A. F., & Martin, Scot T. Intermediate-scale horizontal isoprene concentrations in the near-canopy forest atmosphere and implications for emission heterogeneity. United States. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1904154116
Batista, Carla E., Ye, Jianhuai, Ribeiro, Igor O., Guimarães, Patricia C., Medeiros, Adan S. S., Barbosa, Rafael G., Oliveira, Rafael L., Duvoisin, Sergio, Jardine, Kolby J., Gu, Dasa, Guenther, Alex B., McKinney, Karena A., Martins, Leila D., Souza, Rodrigo A. F., and Martin, Scot T. Mon . "Intermediate-scale horizontal isoprene concentrations in the near-canopy forest atmosphere and implications for emission heterogeneity". United States. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1904154116. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1581366.
@article{osti_1581366,
title = {Intermediate-scale horizontal isoprene concentrations in the near-canopy forest atmosphere and implications for emission heterogeneity},
author = {Batista, Carla E. and Ye, Jianhuai and Ribeiro, Igor O. and Guimarães, Patricia C. and Medeiros, Adan S. S. and Barbosa, Rafael G. and Oliveira, Rafael L. and Duvoisin, Sergio and Jardine, Kolby J. and Gu, Dasa and Guenther, Alex B. and McKinney, Karena A. and Martins, Leila D. and Souza, Rodrigo A. F. and Martin, Scot T.},
abstractNote = {The emissions, deposition, and chemistry of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are thought to be influenced by underlying landscape heterogeneity at intermediate horizontal scales of several hundred meters across different forest subtypes within a tropical forest. Quantitative observations and scientific understanding at these scales, however, remain lacking, in large part due to a historical absence of canopy access and suitable observational approaches. Herein, horizontal heterogeneity in VOC concentrations in the near-canopy atmosphere was examined by sampling from an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) flown horizontally several hundred meters over the plateau and slope forests in central Amazonia during the morning and early afternoon periods of the wet season of 2018. Unlike terpene concentrations, the isoprene concentrations in the near-canopy atmosphere over the plateau forest were 60% greater than those over the slope forest. A gradient transport model constrained by the data suggests that isoprene emissions differed by 220 to 330% from these forest subtypes, which is in contrast to a 0% difference implemented in most present-day biosphere emissions models (i.e., homogeneous emissions). Finally, quantifying VOC concentrations, emissions, and other processes at intermediate horizontal scales is essential for understanding the ecological and Earth system roles of VOCs and representing them in climate and air quality models.},
doi = {10.1073/pnas.1904154116},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1581366}, journal = {Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
issn = {0027-8424},
number = 39,
volume = 116,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {9}
}

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