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Title: Choice of Irrigation Water Management Practice Affects Indian Summer Monsoon Rainfall and Its Extremes

Abstract

There is an emerging understanding toward the importance of land-atmosphere interactions in the monsoon system, but the effects of specific land and water management practices remain unclear. Here, using regional process-based experiments, we demonstrate that monsoon precipitation is sensitive to the choice of irrigation practices in South Asia. Experiments with realistic representation of unmanaged irrigation and paddy cultivation over north-northwest India exhibit an increase in the late season terrestrial monsoon precipitation and intensification of widespread extreme events over Central India, consistent with changes in observations. Such precipitation changes exhibit substantially different spatial patterns in experiments with a well-managed irrigation system, indicating that increase in unmanaged irrigation might be a factor driving the observed changes in the intraseasonal monsoon characteristics. Our findings stress the need for accurate representation of irrigation practices to improve the reliability of earth system modeling over South Asia.

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]
  1. BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)
  2. Oak Ridge National Laboratory
  3. Indian Institute of Technology
  4. Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Powai, Mumbai
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1580689
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-147331
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Geophysical Research Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 46; Journal Issue: 15
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Devanand, Anjana, Huang, Maoyi, Ashfaq, Moetasim, Barik, Beas, and Ghosh, Subimal. Choice of Irrigation Water Management Practice Affects Indian Summer Monsoon Rainfall and Its Extremes. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1029/2019GL083875.
Devanand, Anjana, Huang, Maoyi, Ashfaq, Moetasim, Barik, Beas, & Ghosh, Subimal. Choice of Irrigation Water Management Practice Affects Indian Summer Monsoon Rainfall and Its Extremes. United States. doi:10.1029/2019GL083875.
Devanand, Anjana, Huang, Maoyi, Ashfaq, Moetasim, Barik, Beas, and Ghosh, Subimal. Fri . "Choice of Irrigation Water Management Practice Affects Indian Summer Monsoon Rainfall and Its Extremes". United States. doi:10.1029/2019GL083875.
@article{osti_1580689,
title = {Choice of Irrigation Water Management Practice Affects Indian Summer Monsoon Rainfall and Its Extremes},
author = {Devanand, Anjana and Huang, Maoyi and Ashfaq, Moetasim and Barik, Beas and Ghosh, Subimal},
abstractNote = {There is an emerging understanding toward the importance of land-atmosphere interactions in the monsoon system, but the effects of specific land and water management practices remain unclear. Here, using regional process-based experiments, we demonstrate that monsoon precipitation is sensitive to the choice of irrigation practices in South Asia. Experiments with realistic representation of unmanaged irrigation and paddy cultivation over north-northwest India exhibit an increase in the late season terrestrial monsoon precipitation and intensification of widespread extreme events over Central India, consistent with changes in observations. Such precipitation changes exhibit substantially different spatial patterns in experiments with a well-managed irrigation system, indicating that increase in unmanaged irrigation might be a factor driving the observed changes in the intraseasonal monsoon characteristics. Our findings stress the need for accurate representation of irrigation practices to improve the reliability of earth system modeling over South Asia.},
doi = {10.1029/2019GL083875},
journal = {Geophysical Research Letters},
number = 15,
volume = 46,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {8}
}

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