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Title: A Paris-Edinburgh Cell for High-Pressure and High-Temperature Structure Studies on Silicate Liquids Using Monochromatic Synchrotron Radiation

Abstract

A Paris-Edinburgh press combined with a multi-channel collimator assembly has been commissioned at the GeoSoilEnviro Center for Advanced Radiation Sources (GSECARS) beamline for monochromatic X-ray scattering, with an emphasis on studying low-Z liquids, especially silicate liquids at high pressure. The Paris-Edinburgh press is mounted on a general-purpose diffractometer, with a pixel array detector mounted on the detector arm. The incident monochromatic undulator beam with energies up to 60 keV is focused both horizontally and vertically to a beam size about 30 × 30 µm. With this setup, background scattering from the surrounding pressure media is completely removed at 2θ angles above 10° for samples larger than 1.05 mm in diameter. Thirty minutes is typically sufficient to collect robust X-ray scattering signals from a 1.6 mm diameter amorphous silicate sample. Cell assemblies for the standard Paris-Edinburgh anvils have been developed and pressures and temperatures up to 7 GPa and 2300 K, respectively, have been maintained steadily over hours. We have also developed a cupped-toroidal Drickamer anvil to further increase pressure and temperature capabilities. The cupped-toroidal Drickamer anvil combines features of a modified Drickamer anvil and the traditional Paris-Edinburgh anvil. Pressures up to 12 GPa have been generated at temperatures up tomore » 2100 K.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. UC
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Advanced Photon Source (APS)
Sponsoring Org.:
DOE-NNSANSF
OSTI Identifier:
1578196
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Minerals
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 2075-163X
Publisher:
MDPI
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
ENGLISH
Subject:
Paris-Edinburgh cell; multi-channel collimator; X-ray scattering; non-crystalline materials; high pressure; high temperature

Citation Formats

Yu, Tony, Prescher, Clemens, Ryu, Young Jay, Shi, Feng, Greenberg, Eran, Prakapenka, Vitali, Eng, Peter, Stubbs, Joanne, Kono, Yoshio, Shen, Guoyin, Watson, Heather, Rivers, Mark L., Sutton, Stephen R., Wang, Yanbin, CIW), and Union Col.). A Paris-Edinburgh Cell for High-Pressure and High-Temperature Structure Studies on Silicate Liquids Using Monochromatic Synchrotron Radiation. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.3390/min9110715.
Yu, Tony, Prescher, Clemens, Ryu, Young Jay, Shi, Feng, Greenberg, Eran, Prakapenka, Vitali, Eng, Peter, Stubbs, Joanne, Kono, Yoshio, Shen, Guoyin, Watson, Heather, Rivers, Mark L., Sutton, Stephen R., Wang, Yanbin, CIW), & Union Col.). A Paris-Edinburgh Cell for High-Pressure and High-Temperature Structure Studies on Silicate Liquids Using Monochromatic Synchrotron Radiation. United States. doi:10.3390/min9110715.
Yu, Tony, Prescher, Clemens, Ryu, Young Jay, Shi, Feng, Greenberg, Eran, Prakapenka, Vitali, Eng, Peter, Stubbs, Joanne, Kono, Yoshio, Shen, Guoyin, Watson, Heather, Rivers, Mark L., Sutton, Stephen R., Wang, Yanbin, CIW), and Union Col.). Fri . "A Paris-Edinburgh Cell for High-Pressure and High-Temperature Structure Studies on Silicate Liquids Using Monochromatic Synchrotron Radiation". United States. doi:10.3390/min9110715.
@article{osti_1578196,
title = {A Paris-Edinburgh Cell for High-Pressure and High-Temperature Structure Studies on Silicate Liquids Using Monochromatic Synchrotron Radiation},
author = {Yu, Tony and Prescher, Clemens and Ryu, Young Jay and Shi, Feng and Greenberg, Eran and Prakapenka, Vitali and Eng, Peter and Stubbs, Joanne and Kono, Yoshio and Shen, Guoyin and Watson, Heather and Rivers, Mark L. and Sutton, Stephen R. and Wang, Yanbin and CIW) and Union Col.)},
abstractNote = {A Paris-Edinburgh press combined with a multi-channel collimator assembly has been commissioned at the GeoSoilEnviro Center for Advanced Radiation Sources (GSECARS) beamline for monochromatic X-ray scattering, with an emphasis on studying low-Z liquids, especially silicate liquids at high pressure. The Paris-Edinburgh press is mounted on a general-purpose diffractometer, with a pixel array detector mounted on the detector arm. The incident monochromatic undulator beam with energies up to 60 keV is focused both horizontally and vertically to a beam size about 30 × 30 µm. With this setup, background scattering from the surrounding pressure media is completely removed at 2θ angles above 10° for samples larger than 1.05 mm in diameter. Thirty minutes is typically sufficient to collect robust X-ray scattering signals from a 1.6 mm diameter amorphous silicate sample. Cell assemblies for the standard Paris-Edinburgh anvils have been developed and pressures and temperatures up to 7 GPa and 2300 K, respectively, have been maintained steadily over hours. We have also developed a cupped-toroidal Drickamer anvil to further increase pressure and temperature capabilities. The cupped-toroidal Drickamer anvil combines features of a modified Drickamer anvil and the traditional Paris-Edinburgh anvil. Pressures up to 12 GPa have been generated at temperatures up to 2100 K.},
doi = {10.3390/min9110715},
journal = {Minerals},
issn = {2075-163X},
number = 11,
volume = 9,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {11}
}

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